Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
DAILY NEWS ANALYsIS from HINDU, HT, INDIAN EXPRESS 30th July 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Page-l: NIA unearths new Kashmir terror funding channels. [G.S. Mains Paper-2: Polity & Governance- Internal Security The National Investigation Agency (NIA) is focussing on a hawala racket relating to the annual Haj pilgrimage and trade fraud along the Line of Control (LoC) as two funding channels being used by separatists and terrorists in Jammu and Kashmir. . As part of its probe, which recently led to the arrest of seven Kashmiri separatists, the NIA is examining what it regards as a deep conspiracy' to 'keep the Valley burning, and not just individual acts of terror. According to the NIA, some travel agents who send Indians on the Haj pilgrimage are hand in glove with associates of separatists based in Saudi Arabia and Pakistan. . A part of the money collected from pilgrims is diverted for terror and separatist activities, while the cost of accommodation and food are borne by these associates
Page-8 South: Rare birds return to safer, better managed Seshachalam. [G.S. Mains Paper-3: Environment & Ecology] Black-hooded Oriole, a common resident bird of Seshachalam forest in the Eastern Ghats, went missing over three years ago. But a few of them were captured in a bunch of Besides India, the Black- hooded Oriole is seen in Sri-lanka and Indonesia. . The Oriole, along with other species such as Golden Oriole, Black-naped Monarch and Indian Nightjar, had gone away from the region about three years ago due to increased red sanders felling and smuggling, and hostile weather conditions. Many avian species disappeared a few years ago due to increased human activity, smuggling and fast changing weather conditions in the reserve forest. . But, of late, we have seen the birds coming back due to favourable weather and ecological conditions . To our surprise, we see a bunch of Brahminy kites (Haliastur indus, called Tella Garuda Pakshi in Telugu) in the Kalyani Dam area. This species is specific to the Western Ghats but has been sighted here, perhaps due to the improving habitat
Page Il: On the scent of dead big cats [G.S. Mains Paper-3: Environment & Ecology] NTCA data show 46% of the tiger deaths so far this year took place outside the reserves Despite the success of tiger conservation in the country over the past decade, protection of the big cat remains a concern, data of tiger deaths and seizure of body parts show. Till July 29, International Tiger Day, in 2017,62 tigers died of natural or unnatural causes and 14 cases of seizure of body parts had been reported from across the country. 46%, of the deaths occurred outside tiger reserves. The remaining 33 deaths are inside the reserves. in 2016, of the 100 deaths, 37 occurred outside the reserves. An increase in the deaths recorded outside the reserves poses a question on the tiger conservation. . Since more tiger deaths in 2017 have occurred outside the reserves, there was a need for 'intensifying the protection mechanism outside tiger reserves. When the population increased, chances of a spill-over effect were likely. Other than poaching for gains, tigers were killed in retaliation for attack on humans. . The real concern is whether these deaths are due to poaching and if they are being killed inside protected zones where the breeding is taking place. But if the target killings exceed natural deaths, it is a cause of concern.
Pagel2: W WHOWHAT WHY WHENWH ERE. [G.S. Mains Paper-I &2:Society of India] WHY do Lingayats want a separate identity? What is the demand? The Lingayats, a numerically and politically strong community of Karnataka, want to be categorised as a religious group separate from Hindus. . Followers of the 12th century social reformer-philosopher-poet Basaveshwara who defied the caste system and Vedic rituals, they argue that the premise of this rebellion was rooted in opposition to the established Hindu order . Though Lingayats worship Shiva, they say the concept of 'Ishta Linga' (personal god) and rules of conduct prescribed by Basaveshwara cannot be equated to the Hindu way of life . On the other hand, those opposed to the re-categorisation, including sections in the community, say the rebellion was reformist, like the Bhakti movement, and not aimed at breaking away from the Hindu fold. What are the Constitutional Benefits? Constitution grants linguistic and religious minorities the right to establish and administer their own educational institutions and Lingayat maths run a host of them. As for the Congress, there is no clarity yet on how many in the community are for or against this demand. In southern Karnataka, some of the influential religious heads have been conspicuous by their silence so far.
*Page 15 Being :A Two in One Solution. [G.S. Mains Paper-3: S&T; Health] . Hepatitis C, a disease that closely mimics the deadly HIV infection, has been ig- nored for long.The chronic liver infection caused by the blood-borne hepatitis C virus (HCV) kills nearly 96,000 people in India annually. This, despite the fact that the availability of a range of new drugs has drastically improved its cure rate to over 95%. Solution:Testing for two: Experts also point to the threat of HCV co-infection with HIV, given that both diseases have same routes of transmission The need of the hour is to integrate HCV testing and treatment as a component in the already existing national programme for HIV Instead of designing a new Programme that may take years, tweaking an existing Programme would be simpler and faster. Py (ART) guidelines, a revised version could add a similar approach for HCV
Mode ofTransmission of HCV: Like HIV, HCV can be transmitted through injectable drug use through the sharing of needles, reuse or inadequate sterilisation of medical equipment such as syringes and needles, and transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products. Though very uncommon, it can also be transmitted sexually and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby. Co-infection cases: -Approximately 12 million people in India are chronically infected with hepatitis C. -Globally, 2.3 million people living HIV are co-infected with HCV of which nearly 1.3 million are injectable drug users. -While India lacks data on co-infections, rough estimates state that 60,000 people with HIV also have HCV. Challenge: the disease often presents no symptoms and hence is diagnosed very late. In most cases, liver cirrhosis or fibrosis sets in by then.
Page-10[Section-2]: India's first ever U.S. crude purchase to arrive in Sept. [G.S. Mains Paper-2 & 3: International Relations; Sci & Tech . India's first ever purchase of crude oil from the U.S. will be delivered in September The company's deal with the US. resulted in cheaper oil for India than even Basra Light because the U.S. could sell at highly competitive rates, and the company transporting the shipment PetroChinahad provided 'very favourable' terms of trade. Why U.S.oil: [I] High-sulfur grade: IOC reportedly bought 1.6 million barrels of high-sulfur grade U.S. Mars crude oil and 400,000 barrels of Western Canadian Select.  This deal has PetroChina as the trader, which will transport the oil to India and the price of transport is also very low.  The deal with the U.S., signed earlier this month, comes at a time when India's oil imports from Iran have fallen to their lowest levels in more than a year due to tensions between the two countries over the awarding of the Iranian Farzab B gas field.  Iran has also cut short the credit period it offers Indian companies for oil they buy, from 90 days to 60 days. . Bharat Petroleum Corporation also announced in July that it had become the second Indian company to buy oil from the U.S.
Brent Crude is a major trading classification of sweet light crude oil that serves as a major benchmark price for purchases of oil worldwide. Atlantic basin crude oils. It is used to price two thirds of the world's internationally traded crude oil supplies. Brent Crude Oil t00 200 e e This grade is described as light because of its Crude oil pipeline Brent crude blend oil field relatively low density, and sweet because of its low sulphur content. North Sea oil & gas fields ndiien nd mn . Brent Crude is extracted from the North Sea and comprises Brent Blend, Forties Blend, Oseberg and Ekofisk crudes (also known as the BFOE Quotation) NORWAY Breet Oseberg . The Brent Crude oil marker is also known as Brent Blend, London Brent and Brent petroleum Forties . The other well-known benchmarks are the OPEC Ekofisk DENMARK Reference Basket, Dubai Crude, Oman Crude, Urals oil and West Texas Intermediate (WTI). RELAND e Brent is the leading global price benchmark for UNITED KINGDOM ETHERLAND GERMANY
IRAQ TURKEY Al Maw il (Mosul) SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN Baghdad An Najaf JORDAN Persian Gulf Al Ba rah SAUDIARABIA KUWAIT 50 km
, Secure https://unacademy.com/userijatinverma71 8 Educators Jatin 57 unacademV ExploreQSearch Couses, Topics & Educaltors Explore Search Courses, Topics & Educators 0 credits Jatin Verma Follow Worked at Citi Bank. Books, movies, travelling, share trading. Have appeared in UPSC CSE twice. Preparing again. Activity 20 Courses 103.6k Followers 2 Following Impact 2,295,430 Views received