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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS for 24th July 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Page-l:Ordinances should be last resort: Pranab. [Polity & Governance] Question- "Ordinance should not be ordinarily resorted to." Comment. [25 Marks, 200 words] Ordinance route should not be taken on matters which are being considered or have been introduced in the House or a committee of the House .If a matter is deemed urgent, the concerned committee should be made aware of the situation and should be mandated to present its report within the stipulated time . With the heightened complexity of administration, legislation must be preceded by scrutiny and adequate discussion Scrutiny in committee is no substitute to open discussion on the floor of the House. When the Parliament fails to discharge its law making role or enacts laws without discussion, it breaches the trust reposed in it by the people. Article 123 and Article 213 Statement of Objects & Reasons. . The Bihar State government: had approached the Supreme Court after the High Court of Patna declared that repeated re-promulgation of the ordinances was unconstitutional after relying on the D.C.Wadhwa judgment on the dos and don'ts of promulgation of ordinances by another Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court in 1986.
. January 3,2017:Supreme Court Observation: In a blow to Ordinance Raj, a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court widened the boundaries of judicial review to the extent that it can now examine whether the President or the Governor was spurred by an "oblique motive" to bypass the Legislature and promulgate an ordinance. In case the apex court concludes that the President or the Governor was influenced by ulterior motives to promulgate the ordinance, such an act by the two constitutional authorities would amount to a fraud on their powers, the apex court held on Monday The satisfaction of the President under Article 123 and of the Governor under Article 213 is not immune from judicial review" Justice wrote in a common judgment. The Scrutiny:Justice observed that the apex court would scrutinise whether the satisfaction of the President or the Governor to promulgate an ordinance was based on relevant material or whether it amounted to a fraud on power or was actuated by an oblique motive." . The seminal question: The seminal question that came up in reference before the seven-judge Constitution Bench led by Chief Justice of India dealt with the constitutionality of seven successive re-promulgations ofThe Bihar Non-Government Sanskrit Schools (Taking Over of Management and Control) Ordinance of 1989.
Page-11: Forum concerned at 'secret' RCEP talks Technical-level talks of the proposed FTA, officially known as the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), are being held at the Hyderabad from July 18 to 28. Liberalised norms: The RCEP aims to liberalise investment norms as well as boost trade by eliminating/ drastically reducing import duties on goods and bringing down 'barriers' in the services sector. . After a daylong meeting, the People's Resistance Forum against FTAs and RCEP, an umbrella body representing farmers, industrial workers and service sector employees,street vendors, HIV-positive persons, tribal people, environmental activists and women's organisations, among others, said in a statement that the RCEP would have wide-ranging impact on agriculture, services, access to medicines, investment and e-commerce.
. Page-ll: Russia keen on selling MiG-35 jets to India. Russia is keen on selling its new fighter jet MiG-35 to India with the MiG corporation's chief saying the country has evinced interest in the aircraft and talks were on to understand its requirements . It is claimed to be better than Lockheed Martin's fifth-generation combat aircraft F-35 . He claimed that the MiG-35 would beat the American jet in air-to-air combat. Multi-purpose jet . The MiG-35 is Russia's most advanced 4++ generation multipurpose fighter jet developed on the basis of the serial-produced MiG-29K/ KUB and MiG-29M/M2 combat aircraft.
o Page 12 World News : Israel- Palestine Dispute . Israel faces pressure over Jerusalem violence. o Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu faced mounting pressure over new security measures at a sensitive Jerusalem holy site after a weekend of violence left eight people dead, with fears more unrest could follow. Palestinian Response: Palestinians reject the metal detectors because they view the move as Israel asserting further control over the site. They have re- fused to enter the compound in protest and have prayed in the streets outside. Enhanced Security mesures: i Metal Detectors: lsraeli officials said they would not remove metal detectors whose installation outside the Haram al-Sharif mosque, known to Jews as Temple Mount, has triggered the bloodiest clashes with the Palestinians in years, but could eventually reduce their use. [i]Cameras too have also been mounted near at least one entrance to the compound in Jerusalem's Old City.
Netanyahu's right-wing government is wary of being seen to yield to Palestinian pressure over the site, which Jews revere as the vestige of their two ancient temples and which was among areas of East Jerusalem that Israel captured in a 1967 war and annexed as its capital in a move not recognised internationally International Response: The crisis has resonated internationally. The UN Security Council will hold closed-door talks on Monday about the spiraling violence after Egypt, France and Sweden sought a meeting to urgently discuss how calls for de- escalation in Jerusalem can be supported. For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Pe World Newa Ika, lrag sign pact o miltary cooperation. . Page 12 World News: Iran, Irag sign pact on military cooperation. Page 12 World News: Iran, Iraq sign pact on military cooperation. Iran and Iraq signed an agreement to step up military cooperation and the fight against "terrorism and extremism. e Signed MoU which also covered border security, logistics and training Improved ties Iran-lraq ties have improved since Saddam Hussein was toppled in 2003 and an Iraqi government led by Shia Muslims came to power. Iran is mostly a Shia nation e U.S. President Donald Trump has voiced concern over what he sees as growing Iranian influence in conflicts in Syria, Yemen and Iraq, where it is aligned with Shia fighters.
Page-13:MPC members to get fl.5 lakh per meet, must disclose assets. Page-13: MPC members to get 1.5 lakh per meet, must disclose assets. . The government appointees on the powerful Monetary Policy Committee will be paid 1.5 lakh per meeting along with air travel and other reimbursements, but will need to observe a"silent period" seven days before and after the rate decision for "utmost confidentiality" . The silent period and confidentiality requirements will also apply to the three RBl members, including the Governor,on the panel that has been deciding on policy rates since October last year. Governor, on the panel that has been deciding on policy rates since October last year e 'Conflict of interest Other Regulations related to MPC: [i] The six-member MPC, constituted in September 2016, has three persons appointed by the central [i] The members of the RBI Governor-chaired panel, which has to hold meetings at least four times in a [iij They are also required to be mindful of any conflict between their personal and public interest while [iv]The panel is required to meet at least four times in a year and the RBl has been convening a bi- government while the rest, including the Governor, are from the RBl. year, interacting with profit making organisations and making personal financial transactions, monthly meeting of this committee. [in The members of the RBI Governor-chaired panel, which has to hold meetings at least four times in a
[v] The regulations further said the schedule of the MPC meetings for the entire fiscal year needs [vi] At least 15 days of notice is required for convening a meeting ordinarily, but an emergency [vi] Members shall observe a silent or blackout period starting seven days before the to be announced in advance. meeting can be called with 24 hours notice for each member and technology-enabled arrangements need to be made for even shorter notice period meetings voting/decision ray and ending seven days after the day policy is announced During this period, they will avoid public comment on issues related to monetary policy other than through the MPC's communication framework