Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 1 9th July 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Page-l:Aadhar: 9-judge Bench to consider whether privacy is a basic right [G.S. Mains Paper-2: Polity & Governance> Fundamental Rights] A nine-judge Bench of the Supreme Court will on Wednesday hear the question whether privacy is a fundamental human right and is part of the basic structure of the Constitution. Two judgments of the Supreme Court- the M.P. Sharma case verdict pronounced by an eight-judge Bench in 1954 shortly after the Constitution came into force in 1950 and the Kharak Singh case verdict of 1962 by a six-judge Bench - had dominated the judicial dialogue on privacy since Independence. . Both judgments had concluded that privacy was not a fundamental or 'guaranteed' right. Though smaller Supreme Court Benches have, over the years, differed and held that privacy is indeed basic to our Constitution and a fundamental right, the arithmetical supremacy of the MP Sharma and Kharak Singh cases continues to hold fort. Taking a final call: Now, by forming a Bench of nine judges, Supreme Court has decided to determine once and for all whether privacy is negotiable or not.The nine-judge Bench seeks to bring a quietus to the divergent judicial pronouncements of the past.
. We have to first determine whether right to privacy is a fundamental right or not before going into the issue of the constitutionality of the Aadhaar scheme, Chief Justice Khehar observed. In a Republic founded on a written Constitution, it is difficult to accept there is no fundamental right to privacy. . There is a battery of judgments saying privacy is a fundamental right. For Daily PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU updates, Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Page 5 South: CauveryTribunal order is like ordering god to send rain [G.S. Mains Paper-2: Polity & Governance: Inter State Issues] Karnatakasargumentbeforethe SupremeCourt I. Take Groundwater into account: The tribunal's order to Karnataka to supply 192 tmcft annually was without any regard to the 30 tmcft groundwater available in Tamil Nadu. Equity among Farming families: Karnataka has argued that the water-sharing 2. arrangement decided by the tribunal did not keep in view equity as also the farming families. 3. Tamil Nadu increased its area under farming: It said that at the time of the 1924 agreement for water-sharing, Tamil Nadu was entitled to develop only 21.38 lakh acres for irrigation. However, even as the 1924 agreement continued, the State had developed 28.2 lakh acres for irrigation utilising 566 tmcft of Cauvery water SOLUTION proposed by Karnataka: The "real shares" of each riparian State should be determined on the basis of: Needs by taking into account the contribution of water by each State to the river valley, the population of each State in the basin depending upon the waters and the culturable area of each State in the basin requiring application of water to raise crops.
Page 7 Nation: SC nod for new MCI oversight panel [G.S. Mains Paper-2: Polity & Governance: Statutory & Regulatory Bodies] e Supreme Court agreed with the government's proposal of five eminent medical practitioners to oversee the functioning and decisions of the Medical Council of India. The Medical Council of India was established in 1934 under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1933, now repealed. . As a result, in 1956, the old Act was repealed and a new one was enacted. This was further modified in 1964, 1993 and 2001 *The objectives of the Council are as follows:- I. Maintenance of uniform standards of medical education, both undergraduate and postgraduate. 2. Recommendation for recognition/de-recognition of medical qualifications of medical institutions of India or foreign countries 3. Permanent registration/provisional registration of doctors with recognized medical qualifications 4. Reciprocity with foreign countries in the matter of mutual recognition of medical qualifications. Entry 25 Concurrent List: Education, including technical education, medical education and universities subject to provision of entries 63,64,65,66 of list (Union List).
Page 10 News: States can enact laws to preserve cattle: Centre in Response to RS Question[G.S. Mains Paper-2: Polity & Governance: Constitutional powers] Rajasthan High Court vide order dated 31.5.2017 advised that cow should be declared a national animal and directed the State government of Rajasthan to take steps for preservation and conservation of cows and for declaring cow as a national animal. . Union Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan said in a written reply that the Centre was not a respondent to the case in question the Rajya Sabha. The State legislatures have"exclusive" powers to enact laws for the preservation of cattle. Constitutional position Under the distribution of legislative powers between the Union of India and the states under Article 246(3) of the Constitution, the preservation of cattle is a matter on which the legislature of the States have exclusive powers to legislate." State List Entries: I. Entry 15: Preservation, protection and improvement of stock and prevention of animal diseases; veterinary training and practice. 2. Entry 28: Markets & Fairs
Page 10:Nagaland CM to face trust vote todayH.C.vacated the interim orde HC. vacated the interim order Page 10:Nagaland CM to face trust vote today [G.S. Mains Paper-2: Polity & Governance- State Administration- Anti Defection law] Nagaland Chief Minister Shurhozelie Liezietsu will face a floor test at a special session of the Assembly after the Gauhati High Court on Tuesday dismissed his plea to stay the Governor's order directing him to seek a trust vote. .It said the process of by-election Mr Liezietsu is contesting, is already under way and therefore it was "imperative and incumbent" upon the Governor to call upon the petitioner to prove his majority on the floor of the House only pursuant to the by-election wherein the petitionen is a candidate. . His plea before the High Court was: There was no recommendation from the Council of Ministers for a floor test, and the Governor on his own chose to "impose" the impugned decision upon the petitioner"without any legal foundation and against constitutional norms . Article 163 in The Constitution Of India 163. Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor (ID There shall be a council of Ministers with the chief Minister at the head to aid and advise the r in the exercise of his functions, except in so far as he is by or under this constitution required to exercise his functions or any of them in his discretion
Page 10 News: DGCA braces for ICAO safety audit. . [G.S. Mains Paper- 2 & 3: Polity & Economy- Transport Sector Regulation] . The Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is preparing itself for a safety oversight audit- Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme (USOAP) It is conducted by the U.N. body, International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), in rganisation(ICAO), in November 2017 Measures taken so far by DGCA: 1. Hired flight operation inspectors, aligning its rules with ICAO norms, certifying flight examiners. 2. feriwt term market-inked salary for the post of fight operation inspectors to make it 2. Offered them market-linked salary for the post of flight operation inspectors to make it attractive for experienced pilots; with the ICAO norms. month for safety compliance 3.The DGCA has also aligned most of its rules, known as civil aviation requirements (CAR), 4.The aviation regulator has been holding review meetings with airlines and airports every 4. The aviation regulator has been holding review meetings with airlines and airports every . The DGCA will be furnishing its response to the detailed protocol questionnaire posed by ICAO for its by August first week.
The ICAO conducts audit in areas related to: Legislation, organisation, licensing, operation, airworthiness, accident investigation, air navigation and aerodromes. The Aviation Regulator of India is taking a series of steps to save it from the embarrassment of the 2012 audit in which the ICAO had raised safety concerns about India's aviation system.
Page II News: Diplomats on the job to end standoff: Foreign Secy. To PSC TG.S. Mains Paper-2:International Relations- Neighbourhood] Parliamentary Standing Committee on External Affairs Meeting questioned Foreign Secretary: I.Why after years of hard work to build a relationship of mutual respect with China of indian foreign policy? through set mechanisms, things had collapsed. Was that a failure 2. Why traditional friends like Turkey and Iraq were turning against India on the Kashmir 9 issue: Turkey President's provocative suggestion of a "multilateral dialogue on Kashmir' 3. What had led China's efforts to show Bhutan that it could serve that country's interests better than India 4,Whether there was a China connection in the Darjeeling agitation CMs of W.B.&J&K Mr. Jaishankar tried to reassure MPs that what Indian TV channels were showing was vastly exaggerated and that Indian diplomats were on the job, taking forward what had been done by successive governments in the past.
Page II News: Miles to go on border roads [G.S. Mains Paper-2: Internal Security & Border Security linkage; Border Infrastructure] Out of these 73 roads, 46 roads are being constructed by the Defence Ministry and 27 by the Home Ministry. Out of the 73, 30 have been completed The maior reasons for the delay were: The major reasons for the delay were: -limited working season; -logistic issues due to very high altitude and mountainous, rugged and difficult terrain;- natural calamities -delay in forest and wildlife clearances, -land acquisition [ Exemptions from Consent Provisions- National security or . While India struggles to build bare minimum infrastructure, China has created a massive network to . A high-level empowered committee, headed by the Union Home Secretary,reviews and monitors the . In addition, a steering committee has been set up under the chairmanship of the Secretary (Border Defence of India including preparation for defence and defence production] transport men and material right up to the border. progress of border infrastructure projects regularly. Management) in the Home Ministry to review and monitor the progress of construction of these roads.
Page II News: Delhi, Kabul discuss 'common regional threats' External Affairs Minister discussed the "common regional threat" with her Afghan counterpart, Salahuddin Rabbani. . The discussion is significant as it comes in the backdrop of an ongoing review of Afghanistan policy by the U.S. government which appears to lean on Pakistan in shaping the future of Afghanistan. . In a recent media interaction, U.S. Secretary of Defence James Mattis acknowledged that the regional context of the Afghan crisis makes the policy review difficult as it needs to take Pakistan into consideration. . The problem of this approach includes bilateral problems that Afghanistan and India have with Pakistan.
12 World News: Environmentalists under attack: Global Witness Report Indigenous people account for 40% of killings G.S. Mains-3: Environment: Role of Civil society: Development & Equality trade- [G.S. Mains-3: Environment; Role of Civil A Global Witness report reveals 2016 as quality tradthe deadliest year yet for environmental offl defenders. . International investors are accused of Atleast 200 environmentalists were killed in 2016 according to a Global Witness Report. bankrolling the projects that hundreds of people have been killed protesting . India saw a three-fold increase in such killings but Latin Ameerica remained the deadliest region Mining, oil, Logging the spheres most associated with environemntal murders. Development banks like the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank and agriculture were (ADB) provide capital which in turn invest in coal mines or power plants, for example, that suppress opposition with violence against local people to national banks, . Struggles between Government, Companies and local communities
Page 13 Business News: E-commerce: RCEP nations talk details. .[G.S. Mains Paper-2: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests; Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, ] Sixteen Asia Pacific nations, including India, are understood to be discussing in detail norms on e-commerce as part of negotiations on the proposed mega Free Trade Agreement known as the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). Technical level talks of the RCEP are being held from July 18 to 28. Technical level talks of the RCEP are being held fromJluly I8 to 28 India has been opposing binding norms on opening up the e-commerce sector at the level of RCEP as well as the global level (WTO) talks on grounds including that India is yet to have a comprehensive national policy on the topic. . However, it is understood that many RCEP nations including Australia, Japan and China, are pushing for inclusion of a host of elements for 'Terms Of Reference' for RCEP negotiations concerning e-commerce.
This is with a view to have some binding commitments from the RCEP members on liberalising e-commerce and ensure that the final pact has a separate chapter on e-commerce . Developing countries, including India, should be wary of: I. Demands for absolute prohibition on disclosure of source code' (code behind the software) because lack of access to 'source code' will make it tough to prevent anti-competitive practices, hacking and rights violation. 2. Demands for prohibition of data localisation' saying accepting such demands will lead to difficulties in ensuring regulatory control over e-commerce firms. What is RCEP? Ever since November 2012, 16 countries (ASEAN+6] have been engaged in the negotiations for a Free Trade Agreement called Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Objective: To attain a modern, comprehensive economic partnership that covers not only goods but also trade in services, investments, technical cooperation, intellectual property, dispute settlement and other related matters. When completed, the agreement will be between 16 countries , which make up 45% of the world population and contribute a third of the world's GDP.
Other Courses by me: Mediumm Timings 1. The Hindu News Analysis 2. The Hindu Editorial Analysis 3. Daily PIB Summary Live Now. 4. Daily MCQs on Current Affairs 5. Yojana/Kurukshetra Analysis Coming son. [Hindi & 6. Indian Polity Crash Course 7. Most Important Current Affairs. [Hindi & English] 9.00 am [Hindi & English] 9.00 am [Hindi & English] 5.00 pm [Hindi & English]7.30 pm English] Ist Sunday [Hindi for now] [Hindi & English]. Periodic Periodic SndpMeely Er ecap of o lmoertane e Sunday-weekly DNA Review: Sunday-weekly Editorial Review: A re-cap of Most Important News of the week A re-cap of Most useful Editorials of the week For Indian Polity Crash course, Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin