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SUNDAY WEEKLY REVIEW DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS MOST IMPORTANT NEWS FROM 17th July to 22nd 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
17 JULY 2017 Page 1l: Parliament, Assemblies in poll fervour. [GSM- 2: Polity & Governance] The Election Commission has permitted 14 Rajya Sabha and 4l Lok Sabha members to vote in the Assemblies for the presidential election, while five MLAs will vote in Parliament. Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister and Goa Chief Minister who are yet to resign from the Lok Sabha, will vote at the respective Assemblies. Some Salient Facts: - The President is elected through an electoral college that comprisess - Members of Parliament and - State and Union Territory MLAs There are 543 Lok Sabha members, 233 Rajya Sabha members, and 4, 120 MLAs from 29 States and two Union Territories National Capital Territory of Delhi and the Union Territory of Puducherry The total number of votes is 10,98,903. Nominated members of Parliament or the Assemblies are not eligible to vote. Besides, members of the Legislative Councils are also not electors.
17 JULY 2017 No Party Whip: As per the election rules, political parties cannot issue any whip to their MPs and MLAs for the presidential election, Who is the Returning officer? In consultation with the Union government, the Election Commission appoints the Secretary-General of the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha,by rotation, as the Returning Officer MbokthR nine Uohron grovernmentc the Election Commision appoints the Serial-numbered pens for voting; so as to avoid Haryana type controversy here: Electors have to mark the ballot only with this particular pen and not with any other pen.Voting by using any other pen may lead to invalidation of the vote at the time of counting, under Rule 31 (1) (d) of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Rules, 1974. Article 55 (3) of the Constitution provides that the election shall be held in accordance with the System of Proportional Representation by means of single transferable vote and the voting at such election shall be by secret ballot. In this system, the elector has to mark preferences against the names of the candidates The elector can mark as many preference as the number of candidates.While the marking of the first preference is compulsory for the ballot paper to be valid, other preferences are optional.
Page 12World News: Defiant Erdogan ups the ante . President Tayyip Erdogan defiantly stepped up his attacks on the European Union, saying Turkey had to go its own way and vowing to bring back the death penalty if Parliament passed it. . The stance of the European Union is clear to see...54 years have passed and they are still messing us about. [Turkey's accession process to the EU is in limbo: only 14 of the 33 chapters]. . Some 150,000 people have been sacked or suspended from their jobs and more than 50,000 detained on suspicion of links with the U.S.-based Muslim cleric Fethullah Gulen, whom Ankara blames for the attempted The coup's defeat has likely ended decades of military interference in Turkish politics. But the purges have sharpened the divide between Erdogan's supporters and Western-facing Turks who want closer ties with Europe. . Critics say Mr. Erdogan is using a state of emergency introduced after the coup to target Opposition figures, including rights activists, politicians
. Turkey: A bridge between East & West 17 JULY 2017 More than a dozen members of the pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) including its two co-leadersare in jail 150 Kilometers tussia Georgia 150 Miles Armonia BAKU Azerbailan Erzurum YEREVAN Turkey Kurdish- Van Tabriz inhabited Gaziant Mosul Al Hasakah area Syria SileymaniyahIran As Iraa Kermanshah A number of Kurdish enclaves exist in areas of Turkey, Iran, and traq outside the traditional BAGHDAD
Page 13 Business News: Govt. clears three export infra plans under TIES The TIES, which is being implemented from 20 17-18 till 20 I 9-20, has a budgetary allocation of 7000 crore. The scheme's annual outlay is 3200 crore. 17 JULY 2017 Trade Infrastructure for Export Scheme The scheme would provide assistance for setting up and up-gradation of infrastructure projects with overwhelming export linkages like: -Border Haats, Land customs stations -Quality testing and certification labs, -Cold chains, trade promotion centres, -Dry ports, export warehousing and packaging, SEZs and ports/airports cargo terminuses -Last and first mile connectivity projects related to export logistics. Eligible agencies: The Central and State Agencies, including Export Promotion Councils, Commodities Boards, SEZ Authorities and Apex Trade Bodies recognised under the EXIM policy of Government of India are eligible for financial support under this scheme
Political storm jolts Nagaland Ministry EX CM stakes claim to be CM. I8uLY 2017 Nagaland plunged into a political crisis with former Chief Minister T.R. Zeliang staking claim to form a new government by ousting the incumbent Shurhozelie Liezietsu. . Mr.Zeliang claimed the support of 4l of the 59 MLAs in the Assembly and wrote to Governor P.B.Acharya, seeking an invitation to form the new Naga People's Front (NPF)-led Democratic Alliance of Nagaland government at the earliest. . Mr. Zeliang, who had to step down on February 22 following State-wide protests against holding of polls to urban local bodies with 33 per cent reservation for women, asserted that he had got the support of 41 MLAs after a majority of the ruling NPF legislators rebelled against Mr. Liezietsu. Question.Anti defection law has particularly failed in ensuring the stability of Govts. In smaller states. Comment in the light of recent instability seen in smaller states. T.R.Zeliang CM Shurhozelie Liezietsu For Daily Multiple Choice Questions,Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Page 5 South Storage in Cauvery basin use of table salt i 8JULY 2017 use of table salt is becoming more popular. Page 5 South Storage in Cauvery basin less than half of last year Cloud Seeding: Using an aircraft dispersion devices located on the ground (generators, firing canisters from anti-aircraft guns or even rockets) the chemicals are dispersed in the atmosphere. If an aircraft is used, the silver iodide flares are ignited and dispersed as the plane flies through the cloud. If ground based devices are used, then chemicals are simply fired at the cloud. . Common chemicals used for cloud seeding include silver iodide and dry ice (solid carbon dioxide), Liquid propane (which expands into a gas). The For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Page 12 INTERNATIONAL: South Korea offers talks with North Korea . South Korea offered talks with the North to ease animosities along their tense border and . It was unclear how North Korea will react since it remains suspicious of new South Korean . But Mr. Moon's overture, the first formal offer of talks since his inauguration in May, indicates 8 JULY 2017 resume reunions of families separated by their war in the 1950s President Moon Jae-in's outreach to it. he wants to use dialogue to defuse the international stand-off over North Korea's weapons programmes, despite having condemned the North's first intercontinental ballistic missile test in July. . If realised, the talks would be the first inter-Korean dialogue since December 2015 Ties between the Koreas have plunged over the North's expanding weapons programmes and the hard-line policies of Mr. Moon's conservative predecessors
18 JULY 2017 N O RTH Russia Glina KOREA Military Demarcation Line North Korea Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) Sea of Japan (East Sea) 4th Tunnel P'y ngyang nd Tunne 38th Parallel st Tunnel Seoul Tunnel South Korea Yellow Sea SOUT H K OREA Japan
18 JULY 2017 CN (continental shelf) Dongsha International waters (outside Territoral waters) Pratas Macclesfield PH Scarborough Paracel TH LA Exclusive Economic zone (200 nautical miles) Spratly Contiquous zone (12 nautical miles) Territorial waters (12 nautical miles) South China Sea Internal waters Natuna Baseline (mean low water mark) MY MY ID Land ID Anambas
Maritime Zones 18 JULY 2017 nautical mile (nm) Contiguous Zone To a maximum of 350 nm from the coast/ baseline or 100 nm beyond the 2,500 meter isobath, whichever is greatest Coast/Baseline Limited law-enforcement 12 nmzone 24 nm 200 nm Exclusive Economic Zone The High Seas Territorial Sea Extended : Continental Shelf " Sovereignty extends to: the water column, to the i airspace above, and to the seabed and subsoil. Continental Shelf Deep Seabed Area Sovereign rights over natural resources of the water column and the seabed and subsoil Sovereign rights over natural resources of the seabed and subsoil Sovereignty For Indian Polity Crash course, Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
19 JULY 2017 Page-l:Aadhar: 9-judge Bench to consider whether privacy is a basic right [G.S. Mains Paper-2: Polity & Governance Fundamental Rights] A nine-judge Bench of the Supreme Court will on Wednesday hear the question whether privacy is a fundamental human right and is part of the basic structure of the Constitution. Two judgments of the Supreme Court- the M.P. Sharma case verdict pronounced by an eight-judge Bench in 1954 shortly after the Constitution came into force in 1950 and the Kharak Singh case verdict of 1962 by a six-judge Bench - had dominated the judicial dialogue on privacy since Independence. Both judgments had concluded that privacy was not a fundamental or 'guaranteed' right. Though smaller Supreme Court Benches have, over the years, differed and held that privacy is indeed basic to our Constitution and a fundamental right, the arithmetical supremacy of the MP Sharma and Kharak Singh cases continues to hold fort. Taking a final call: Now, by forming a Bench of nine judges, Supreme Court has decided to determine once and for all whether privacy is negotiable or not.The nine-judge Bench seeks to bring a quietus to the divergent judicial pronouncements of the past.
Page 10:Nagaland CM to face trust vote todayH.C. vacated the interim order [G.S. Mains Paper-2: Polity & Governance- State Administration- Anti Defection law] Nagaland Chief Minister Shurhozelie Liezietsu will face a floor test at a special session of the Assembly after the Gauhati High Court on Tuesday dismissed his plea to stay the Governor's order directing him to seek a trust vote. .It said the process of by-election Mr Liezietsu is contesting, is already under way and therefore it was "imperative and incumbent" upon the Governor to call upon the petitioner to prove his majority on the floor of the House only pursuant to the by-election wherein the petitionen is a candidate. . His plea before the High Court was: There was no recommendation from the Council of Ministers for a floor test, and the Governor on his own chose to "impose" the impugned decision upon the petitioner"without any legal foundation and against constitutional norms Article 163 in The Constitution Of India 163. Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor (ID There shall be a council of Ministers with the chief Minister at the head to aid and advise the r in the exercise of his functions, except in so far as he is by or under this constitution required to exercise his functions or any of them in his discretion
Page II News: Diplomats on the job to end standoff: Foreign Secy. To PSC [G.S. Mains Paper-2:International Relations- Neighbourhood] Parliamentary Standing Committee on External Affairs Meeting questioned Foreign Secretary: I.Why after years of hard work to build a relationship of mutual respect with China through set mechanisms, things had collapsed. Was that a failure of Indian foreign policy? 2. Why traditional friends like Turkey and Iraq were turning against India on the Kashmir issue: Turkey President's provocative suggestion of a "multilateral dialogue on Kashmir". 3. What had led China's efforts to show Bhutan that it could serve that country's interests better than India 4,Whether there was a China connection in the Darjeeling agitation CMs of W.B.&J&K Mr.Jaishankar tried to reassure MPs that what Indian TV channels were showing was vastly exaggerated and that Indian diplomats were on the job, taking forward what had been done by successive governments in the past.
20 JULY 2017 Page II News: Miles to go on border roads [G.S. Mains Paper-2: Internal Security & Border Security linkage; Border Infrastructure] Out of these 73 roads, 46 roads are being constructed by the Defence Ministry and 27 by the Home Ministry. Out of the 73, 30 have been completed The major reasons for the delay were: -limited working season; -logistic issues due to very high altitude and mountainous, rugged and difficult terrain;- - natural calamities, -delay in forest and wildlife clearances, -land acquisition [ Exemptions from Consent Provisions- National security or Defence of India including preparation for defence and defence production] . While India struggles to build bare minimum infrastructure, China has created a massive network to transport men and material right up to the border . A high-level empowered committee, headed by the Union Home Secretary,reviews and monitors the progress of border infrastructure projects regularly. In addition, a steering committee has been set up under the chairmanship of the Secretary (Border Management) in the Home Ministry to review and monitor the progress of construction of these roads.
20 JULY 2017 e Page 12 World News: Reluctant Trump recertifies Iran deal. [G.S. Mains 2: International- Regional Stability] . Background: Former U.S. President, along with other P5+I leaders signed a Nuclear Deal with Iran in October 2015. The P5+I refers to the UN Security Council's five permanent members (the P5); namely China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States; plus Germany.The P5+1 is often referred to as the E3+3 by European countries. U.S. President Trump agreed to certify again that Iran is complying with an international nuclear The decision was the second time his administration certified rans compliance, and aides said agreement that he has strongly criticised a frustrated Mr.Trump had told his security team that he would not keep doing so indefinitely. Administration emphasised that they intended to toughen enforcement of the deal, apply new sanctions on Iran for its "support of terrorism" and other "destabilising activities", and negotiate with European partners to craft a broader strategy to increase pressure on Tehran.
20 JULY 2017 12 World News: Environmentalists under attack: Global Witness Report digenous people account for 40% of killings IG.S. Mains-3: Environment; Role of Civil . A Global Witness report reveals 2016 as society Development & Equality trade- society: Development & E quality tradthe deadliest year yet for environmental off . Atleast 200 environmentalists were killed defenders. . International investors are accused of in 2016 according to a Global Witness Report. bankrolling the projects that hundreds of people have been killed protesting . India saw a three-fold increase in such killings but Latin Ameerica remained the deadliest region. Mining, oil, Logging and agriculture were the spheres most associated with environemntal murders. Development banks like the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) provide capital to national banks, which in turn invest in coal mines or power plants, for example, that suppress opposition with violence against local people . Struggles between Government, Companies and local communities;
20 JULY 2017 Pg-7 Nation: Ministry,NITIAayog moot privatisation in district hospitals care for only three non-communicable diseases cardiac disease, pulmonary disease, and cancer carewill be provided. of select services National Health Policy, 2017. As a part of a radical 'privatisation project', the. To raise public healthcare expenditure to Health Ministry and the NITI Aayog have developed a framework to let private hospitals more than two-thirds of those resources run select services within district hospitals, on going towards primary healthcare. a 30-year lease In a document, prepared in consultation withpopulation to enable access within golden the World Bank, the government will be allowing"a single private partner or a single consortium of private partners" to bid for space in district level hospitals,"especially in 2.5% of GDP from current 1.4%, with To ensure availability of 2 beds per 1000 population to enable access within golden hour To increase life expectancy from 67.5 to 70 years by 2025. . To inc space in district level hospitals, "especially inTo reduce total fertility rate (TFR) to 2. tier 2 & 3 cities." 2025. to reduce infant mortality rate to 28 by 2019 and reduce neo-natal mortality to 16. . Under this Public Private Partnership (PPP), 2019 and reduce
20 JULY 2017 Page 1 I: China shows zero tolerance to sovereignty' threats . China's insistence on the withdrawal of Indian troops from the Doklam plateau as a precondition for negotiations is consistent with its position on Tibet, Taiwan or the South China Sea areas of hyper-sensitivity where Beijing perceives that its "territorial sovereignty" is at stake. sovereignty'" is at stake. S. Diplomatic entanglings between China & other Countries:- I. Proposed visit of the Dalai Lama to Botswana, 2. The moves by the United States to reopen naval port calls with Taiwan. 3. Indonesia's cartographic dalliance, by renaming a portion of the South China Sea as North Natuna Sea, has also drawn Beijing's ire. 4. Last year, Mongolia's decision to welcome the Dalai Lama in Ulan Bator resulted in Bejing's decision to im- pose stringent trade restrictions on its unequal neigh-
Indonesia; 9 Dash Line. 20 JULY 2017 |VIETNAM 112 Gulf of THAI AND Thailand PHILIP SPRATLY Sea Kota Kota Kinabalu," Kraa , Kuala South China Sea Sandakant Terengganu George T Town BRUNEI Lahad Datu a Tawau KUALA uaan ANUS sratoLUMPUR NDONE SIA) ATUNA Malecca LUMPUR Kang Seremban Port Dickson Stbu Sarawak Sea hru Boneo PORE INDONESIA INDONESIA 200km 200m For Indian Polity Crash course, Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Panel for bigger Indian role in Afghanistan. 20 JULY 2017 U.S. Senate Committee on Armed Forces report excerpts: I. India has a"critical role" to play in breaking the stalemate in Afghanistan & it called U.S.Senate Commite on Armed Forces report excerpts for enhancing trilateral cooperation between Afghanistan, India and the U.S. In a report accompanying the National Defense Authorisation Act (NDAA) 2018, the committee also called for enhancing the overall defence cooperation between the U.S. and India, and eventually joint naval patrol of the Indian Ocean. 2. 2. 3. The Senate Committee also pulled up the Department of Defense for not making faster progress in improving cooperation between India and the U.S. While acknowledging improvement in partnership, the report said the committee was concerned by a growing gap between the overarching goals of the bilateral defence relationship and the Department's implementation of these objectives 4. 5. The committee specifically noted the delay by the Pentagon in designating an individual within the Department to "coordinate and expedite bilateral defence cooperation," as required by last year's NDAA.
Business Page 13: AAI to bear capex for two airports, 20 JULY 2017 . The Airports Authority of India (AAI) will bear the capital expenditure at Jaipur and Ahmedabad airports even as private developers will only need to concentrate on operations and maintenance (O&M) of the two airports whose terminal buildings are set to be privatised The AAl has re-examined the issue related to the project financials of the O&M project for Ahmedabad and Jaipur airports The concept of project cost will be different in case of these two air- ports as against the model adopted for privatisation of other airports, including Delhi and Mumbai airports. . The Private operators who had shown interest in running the terminal building of the two airports had opined that the scope of revenue generation was limited in the O&M model so they may not find it viable to incur capital expenditure
20 JULY 2017 Business Page: ONGC gets nod to buy out Centre's stake in HPCL The Cabinet approved the sale of the government's 51.1 1% stake in oil refiner HPCL to India's largest oil producer ONGC for a potential sum in the range of Rs. 26,000 crore to Rs. 30,000 crore. . while ONGC buying HPCL will help the government meet as much as 40% of its target for raising Rs. 72,500 crore in the current fiscal through stake sale, more deals in the oil sector including one where refiner Indian Oil Corp. potentially buys out explorer Oil India Ltd. or Bharat Petroleum Corp. Ltd. merges with gas utility GAIL, may be in the offing Business Page: NCLT reserves order on IBC petition against Bhushan Steel The National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) reserved order on insolvency pleas against Bhushan Steel as well as Bhushan Steel and Power even as it 'wondered' as to why RBI had to issue directions to banks to initiate bankruptcy proceedings against big defaulters
13 Business Page: 21 JULY 2017 . Vendors from whom small businessmen buy products or services are too small to be in GST, but for businesses to get input tax credits, the vendors must be registered. So, even those not eligible for GST have to register. . We had done a study of the state VAT and we found that 37% of the taxpayers registered were below the . They had registered voluntarily precisely for this reason because manufacturers and wholesalers would . So the same kind of thing will happen here as well. Rs. 5 lakh threshold. buy from them only if they were regist ered so that they could utilise the input tax credits. Sugar Dealer-Tax paids 15000, Confectioner A Sugar sold to Confectioner A. Total Sale 11.50 L. Less Sugar of 150,000 [Input] Rs. 150,000 Input Tax of Rs. Credit 15000 adjusted
22 JULY 2017 Business Page I l: Floor price for voice, data not 'workable', says TRAI The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) said that the industry had reached a consensus that fixing of floor price for voice and data services was not a "workable idea" at the moment, and the current re-gime of tariff forbearance would continue Under forbearance regime, operators are allowed to fix their own tariffs on grounds that there is enough competition in the market. fit tal Costs 34.1%) 34.1%) Break-Even Point 2.1% 2.1% 13.6% 13.6% 0.1% -30-20-1 0 1 20 30 Units
Business Page l I :WCO Iauds India's trade facilitation plan 22 JULY 2017 . India's National Trade Facilitation Action Plan (NTFAP), which aims to cut cargo release time for exports and imports as part of measures to boost goods trade, has been described by the World Customs Organisation (WCO) as a best practice' other nations can adopt. The WCO highlighted the fact that as many as 51 of the 76 activities mentioned in the NTFAP "go beyond" the implementation requirements of the World Trade Organisation's Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA). The NTFAP, which is to be implemented between 2017 and 2020, is part of India's efforts to improve its ease of doing business ranking. While India's overall rank in the World Bank's Doing Business report is 130, it ranks 144 out of While India's overall ank in the World Bank's Doing Business report is 130,it ranks 144 out of 190 nations in the Trading Across Borders' category. The TFA _meant to ease Customs norms for faster flow of goods across borders come into effect in February 2017 of goods across borders-had had
22 JULY 2017 Other Courses by me: Mediumm Timings 1. The Hindu News Analysis 2. The Hindu Editorial Analysis 3. Daily PIB Summary Live Now. 4. Daily MCQs on Current Affairs 5. Yojana/Kurukshetra Analysis Coming son. [Hindi & 6. Indian Polity Crash Course 7. Most Important Current Affairs. [Hindi & English] 9.00 am [Hindi & English] 9.00 am [Hindi & English] 5.00 pm [Hindi & English]7.30 pm English] Ist Sunday [Hindi for now] [Hindi & English]. Periodic Periodic SndpMeely Er ecap of o lmoertane e Sunday-weekly DNA Review: Sunday-weekly Editorial Review: A re-cap of Most Important News of the week A re-cap of Most useful Editorials of the week For Indian Polity Crash course, Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin