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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS for 23rd July 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
23 July 2017 Page-1: EC failed to curb 'invisible money' in polls. Union Minister for Finance, Defence and Corporate Affairs Arun Jaitley blamed the Election Commission for failing to check the use of 'invisible money' in elections. He also took on political parties for prefer-ring the status quo instead of suggesting improvements to the electoral bonds scheme proposed in the Budget. Page l : A Sunderbans denizen staves off extinction . Before winter this year, three fresh water ponds in the Sunderbans Tiger Reserve will house the rare Northern river terrapin (Batagur baska), whose presence in the wild in West Bengal and Odisha had declined to undetectable levels a decade ago. .Batagur baska, the 60 cm-long turtle that is presumed extinct in several Southeast Asian countries, is classified as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in its Red List of threatened species. The tiger, by comparison, is endangered. . For the past ten years, Sunderban Tiger Reserve with Turtle Survival Alliance (TSA), have coordinated a recovery program for what is described as the world's second most endangered turtle, through captive conservation breeding. . The Yangtze giant soft shell turtle, Rafetus swinhoei, is considered the most endangered freshwater turtle.
. Page-2: Every third child bride in the world is Indian: report Every hour, nearly 150 child marriages take place in India. . The report, titled 'Eliminating Child Marriage in India', was released by Action- Aid India and 23 July 2017 analyses data on child marriages based on the 2011 Census. With over l 0 crore Indians, including 8.5 crore girls, being married off before they turn 18, every third child bride in the world is an Indian. Findings of the Report: [i] There had been some improvement in the age of marriage, but that India still accounted for about 33% of all child marriages in the world [ii] Of the married female population in India, 30.2% had been child brides. [iii] The report also found that 75% of all child marriages took place in rural areas as on 2011 The number was even higher for the period between 2007 and 2011, at 82%. [M Uttar Pradesh accounted for the highest percentage of child marriages in India, at 16.6% [v] U.P., Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Bihar, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh accounted for 70% of all child marriages in India as of 2011. S. Patriarchy is at the root of child marriage, and patriarchy has to be tackled to eliminate child marriage
Page- 10: Naval safety wing remains a pipe dreats on wos mooted first in 2006 and Page- 10: Naval safety wing remains a pipe dream. 23 July 2017 The idea of creating an Indian Navy Safety Organisation was mooted first in 2006 and ultimately promulgated in October 2012. . It was set up in February 2014, though it is yet to be sanctioned by Government. From 2007-08 to 2015-16, a total number of 38 accidents occurred, which led to a loss of 33 lives of service officers and sailors. . An audit by the Comptroller and Auditor-General also says a series of missteps led to the deadly 2013 accident in a submarine off Mumbai.
Page 0 News: China media set much store by NSA visit 23 July 2017 Pagel0 News: China media set much store by NSA visit . Mr. Doval will participate in a two-day BRICS event starting on July 27. .In a shift from the harsh rhetoric of the past weeks, Chinese state media hoped that next week's visit to China by National Security Adviser Ajit Doval will help end the Doklam crisis and advance China-India ties. by National Security Adviser Ajit Doval ill lp end the . Despite concerns on possible military clashes, Chinese experts said they hoped that the upcoming visit of Indi e military clashes, Chinese upcoming visit of Indian National Security Adviser Ajit Doval would serve as an opportunity to ease the tension. . The write-up pointed out that the Asian continent would be a big loser if the China-Indian Obviously the two would pay a heavy price first of all. Even Japan, the U.S. ally who relies heavily . ost economies, including those in the West, will find themselves negatively affected by rivalry cements. on the Chinese market, would suffer an economic blow, which could turn into a domestic crisis. an India-China war in a globalised and intertwined world today. 4
Page 10: Nilekani moots legislation for people's control over data 23 July 2017 Nandan Nilekani, Former Chairman of the Unique ldentification Authority of India (UIDAI), has mooted a new data protection and empowerment law to ensure that individuals have control over their data and can ask service providers to return the data stored with them. Acknowledging that privacy issues currently being considered by a nine-judge Supreme Court Bench are important, he said the larger issue is to get citizens to use their own data more effectively . Mr Nilekani also backed China's approach of compelling companies to host Chinese users' data within the country, instead of overseas. "We are seeing platforms that accumulate user data rapidly disrupt industries, wield disproportionate influence and create silos because data is their asset. This leads to data domination it's already there and policy makers should start worrying about it. Data colonisation: Terming data the most important resource in the current century, Mr. Nilekani said India must have a strategic policy position on data- related issues, specifically on national security and data colonisation (your data belonging to someone who isn't under your legal juris- diction),
23 July 2017 Page 15: BEING: Fight against Aids "India has taken its foot o the pedal" In the Indian context, what are the challenges that lie ahead? -India is a complicated country as there are huge intra-State variances -Emergence of infections in new areas is a challenge and as things stand, -The focus on prevention is not too good. -Sometimes centralised policy causes trouble in it being implemented at State level Targeting high-risk groups like injecting drug users or men who have sex with men (MSM); - Dealing with stigma and discrimination is critical too if we are to succeed. . Solutions: We need to change to a model of self-testing. It will help reaching high-risk groups that face discrimination Progress so far:The country is close to reaching its first target. Nearly 77% HIV+ people know their status. That shows the goal is within reach The science is there and we need political commitment. 6
o It is ironic that while India supplies medicines to the world, our own HIV community is facing stock-outs for drugs and testing kits. . The real issue in India is about the supply chain and making sure that drugs do not run out. Some areas, States have too much and other don't have any medicines. . Solution: UNAIDS has partnered with the Indian government to adopt a situation room model. We are developing a single information system for the HIV Programme which will give . The Indian government has increased its budget allocation for HIV and now funds almost 80% of the . Is it necessary for India to bring together the TB and HIV programmes? . Merging HIV andTB programmes is good public health and good economics. authorities real-time information and ensure that States and provinces synchronise. budget domestically. Tuberculosis is a leading cause of death for people with HIV. -Simple economics dictates that these two programmes be brought together so [that] patients can be screened for both diseases at the same public health facility -These two programmes cannot be implemented in separate silos. . The Global Fund to Fight AIDS,Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM), is encouraging joint funding proposals for TB-HIV because of this rationale 23 July 2017 7
Business Page: India's labour laws are anti-employment' . India's labour laws are anti-employment, Singapore's Deputy Prime Minister. . Terming jobs as the country's biggest challenge that must be addressed urgently in order to 23 July 2017 avert a demographic crisis, he suggested giving real authority to cities and states to 'move the boundaries' of contentious labour and land legislations avert a demographic crisis, he suggested giving real authority to cities and states to imove the boundaries' of contentious labour and land legislations . 'Biggest challenge' "India's biggest challenge is jobs. The country has lost a lot of time because you have legislation that is really anti-employment, an education system that has not prepared people for the needs of the modern economy (both at the school and tertiary levels)-and it's now a race against technology, which we all face. . Warning that the window of opportunity for labour-intensive economic activity is narrowing, he said the pace of adoption of artificial intelligence and robots in the manufacturing process will accelerate and robots are already being deployed in Indian speciality chemicals and automobile industries Robots may cost more capital now, but in return, you get high quality and productivity as unfortunately, robots don't take breaks, and [there is] high certainty of future costs. And they are getting cheaper so this is a real challenge 8
23 July 2017 Academic training is useful, but skills give jobs. India faces this more acutely, because you have a larger discord between education and the markets. n and the markets. From Page 12: Is Iran growing its presence in Iraq? From Page 15: l. Heard of this deafness test? >SOHUM, a diagnostic device to check babies for hearing problems, is non-invasive and cost-effective 2.Trading away health- RCEP & Intellectual Property Monoploies
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