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10th July 2017 Part-2: Daily News Analysis (in Hindi)
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Ceasefire in Syria; US-Russia come closer on Syria; Ukraine issue; Iranina Chahbahar port

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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Anti Defection Law which was enacted with aim to check frequent defections by legislators in the light of "AayaRam GayaRam " culture has proved to be irrelevant in small states. Small states have less number of legislative assembly seats due to which in case of fractured mandates horse trading of even a handful number of MLA's can make or break the regime.As a result this option is resorted to by opposition parties.This was illustrated in recent events in states of Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland. Sometimes defections can also be a political tool by centre to dissolve the assemblies lead by opposition parties in states using president rule as alternative or smelling the election air in their favour. However these can't be the only reasons for failiure of anti defection law. Infact the strictness and arbitariness of anti defection law can itself be the cause of its failiure. This law mandates legislators to abide by their party's whip and kills their freedom of conscience as they ought to submit themselves to the diktat of party leaders.Thus frequent suppressions can lead to defections by them as seen in case of Uttarakhand where defection was done by one-fourth of MLA's and in case of Arunachal Pradesh where speaker's role was questioned. Time is ripe now to review this law.Reforms like reviewind decision making power of speaker, limiting of whips issued by political parties claering of arbitary phrases like "voluntarily giving up membership" can dimish the preexisting tendency of indian politics to be power driven.
Shilpa Kumar
3 years ago
very well explained Akanksha. I also wrote this question but when I compared my answer with yours I got to know it is not good.
Sachin Aazad
3 years ago
Hello sir, Main ssc 10+2 ki preparation kar raha hun . kya main gk,ga aur gs ke liye the Hindu ki analysis follow kar sakta hun ? Ye uske level se upar ka to nai? Please answer sir .
Ananya Kaushal
3 years ago
for ssc 10+2 such deep analysis is not required. They ask basic questions only.
answer - Anti defection laws Anti defection law has particularly failed in ensuring the stability of govts, in various states govt in recent past , and moslty in Smaller states where 1 or 2 members can be the game changer of the entire political situtation and for stable government. in the recent election conducted with in 5 states where few political parites secures majority seats in larger states in comparison with smaller one like manipur and goa where number of seats requried even less than 14 or 15 and sitution is even wrose when running govt feels unsafe or unstable while funcitoning its business in the states liike Nagaland where recent govt headed by Sherhozile has became unstble when his opponent wrote letter to Governer of the state to allow him to form govt as he secures 41 seats to form majority govt . these kinds of situtation arises in the smaller states much more frequently in comparision with larger when because number of seats to secure majority is less and here Independent ministers, nominated members plays key role to form a govt as 52nd amendment acts have lesser strict provisions for Nominated member who can join any political party within the 6 months of his joining inthe house . In case of nagaland we can se since feb new govt is form but within 6 months uncertainity occurs. there are strict provision the Defection law where the memberships of the minister abolished as per the provision in the law, but this Defection law faces various critisism since the date of its introduction as; 1. Independent ministers can provide support to any political party after the result of election before forming the govt without joining any political party. 2. Nominated members can join poltical party within the 6 months of there mermbership in the house. becasue 52nd amendment act provides this provision to the nominated member its a previlage sometimes used unethically. 3.Anti defectioin law does not prohibits when by majority of 2/3rd members of any political party joins any other party to form govt.this happens in case of regional parities haveing lesser number of members in house. so we can say that in recent past Anti defection law has failed to in ensuring stabiltiy of govt in smaller states but at the same time since the inception of this law it has provided stable govts at union level where the game of coin is not just so easy as it is in the state level.... jatin please check my answer please review this ..i am waiting
planned thoughts. good.Jatin sir is getting response.
suggestion please..and please mark out of 25..waiting for the response of jatin verma
#jativerma friend just because you have told that you will check the answer i have tried my best to answer ..waiting for your will encourage me to perform more and improve more..
sir.. bacteria mutate means that it changes its characteristics by permanently changing its u said bacteria multiply themselves faster was not true...a little correction
Aishwarya Mishra
3 years ago
meaning of mutation is correct but bacteria mutation is yet not discovered completely.. yeah.. you can say. about mutation in bacteriophage T4 n all .. bacteriophage (bacterial virus layman's terms..) :)
Ananya Kaushal
3 years ago
i was jzt saying in the context of newspaper as it says bacteria mutate faster than was jzt clearing this line
Sachin Aazad
3 years ago
correct ananya
sir please make a separate course on the important committees of this year
  1. DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU July 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile-

  2. Political storm jolts Nagaland Ministry Ex CM stakes claim to be CM. Nagaland plunged into a political crisis with former Chief Minister T.R. Zeliang staking claim to form a new government by ousting the incumbent Shurhozelie Liezietsu. . Mr.Zeliang claimed the support of 4l of the 59 MLAs in the Assembly and wrote to Governor P.B.Acharya, seeking an invitation to form the new Naga People's Front (NPF)-led Democratic Alliance of Nagaland government at the earliest. . Mr. Zeliang, who had to step down on February 22 following State-wide protests against holding of polls to urban local bodies with 33 per cent reservation for women, asserted that he had got the support of 41 MLAs after a majority of the ruling NPF legislators rebelled against Mr. Liezietsu. Question.Anti defection law has particularly failed in ensuring the stability of Govts. In smaller states. Comment in the light of recent instability seen in smaller states. T.R. Zeliang CM Shurhozelie Liezietsu For Daily Multiple Choice Questions,Visit my Unacademy profile-

  3. Page-7. Easier access to H 1 NI medicines raises fears of drug resistance Doctors feel misuse will lead to a situation of anti-viral medications turning ineffective. . Concerns regarding a build- up of resistance to antiviral drugs used to treat swine flu are surfacing, after two such drugs -Oseltamivir and Zanamivir were taken off the r Schedule X of the Drugs and Comestics Rules. Now under Schedule Hl, the drugs can be stocked by all chemists. Central health authorities have also advised doctors to prescribe the drugs based on strong symptoms, without opting for the swab test. Medical experts say these decisions could lead to misuse and eventually,severe drug resistance. . Oseltamivir and Zanamivir are antiviral drugs that block the actions of influenza virus types A and B in the body. Drugs under Schedule X require three copies of prescription for the doctor, patient and chemist, and can be sold by a chemist who holds a special Schedule X licence. For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile-

  4. . Drugs under Schedule X require three copies of prescription for the doctor, patient and chemist, and can be sold by a chemist who holds a special Schedule X licence. Also, the chemist has to preserve the prescription copy for up to three years. In Schedule HI, only one copy of the prescription is re- quired, and drugs in this cat- egory can be sold by all chemists . Till date this year, India has recorded over 11,700 HINI cases and 561 deaths . Bacteria mutate much faster than viruses, so I don't think resistance should be a cause of concern when there is a spurt in HINI cases How Antibiotic Resistance HappenS 1. Lots of germs. A few are drug resistant. 2 Antibiotics kitl bacteria causing the illness as well as good bacteria protecting the body from 3 The drug-resistant bacteria are now allowed to grow and take over 4. Some bacteria give their drug-resistance to other bacteria, causing more problems. bac infection IMAGE SOURCE: CENTRE FOR DISEASE CONTROL & PREVENTION

  5. Page I:Army in for the long haul in Dokalam Page II:Army in for the long haul in Dokalam The soldiers deployed in the disputed area have pitched tents, in an indication that they are unlikely to retreat unless there was reciprocity from Chinese personnel in ending the face-off at an altitude o around 10,000 feet in the Sikkim section . Both the countries had agreed to a mechanism in 2012 to resolve border flare- ups through consultations at various levels. The mechanism has not worked so far in the current case as the standoff near the Bhutan trijunction, triggered by China's attempt to build a road in the strategically important area, has dragged on for over three weeks. New Delhi has already conveyed to Beijing that such an action would represent a significant change of status quo with"serious" security implications for India. The road link could give China a major military advantage over India. Doka La is the Indian name for the region which Bhutan recognises as Dokalam, while China claims it as part of its Donglang region. . China and Bhutan are separately engaged in talks. India argues that since it is a tri-junction involving the three countries, it also has a say in the issue.

  6. World News: Irag Prime Minister declares victory in 'liberated' Mosul. territory elsewhere in lraq and is able to carry out frequent bombings in areas held by the government. TURKEY . Iragi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declared TURKEY victory in the "liberated" city of Mosul on Sunday, his office said, in the biggest defeat yet for the Islamic State (IS) The announcement comes after a grueling nearly nine-month battle to retake the northerrn city from the jihadists after three years under their rule SYRIA IRAN Mosul Dam PESHMERGA Sinjar MOSUL Erbil Kirkuk RAQI Qayyarah ARMY Airfield West IRAC Bayji Tikrit Rawah The fighting did not seem to be completely over yet, with gunfire still audible in Mosul Al Qaim Samarra IRAN Hadithah BATTLE OF MOSUL October 2016 Al Asad Airbase Hit Al Fallujah . The recapture of Mosul will not however mark Baghdad the end of the threat posed by IS, which holds 5O00 Kilometers 50 100 Miles For Indian Polity Crash course, Visit my Unacademy profile-

  7. approved of the deal, describing the gov- ernment's silence over it as a "sign of satisfaction" U.S.-Russia cease. re deal in Syria holding A U.S.-Russian brokered ceasefire for southwest Syria was holding hours after it took effect on Sunday in the latest inter- national attempt at peace- making in the six-year war. The United States, Russia and Jordan reached a ceasefire and"de-escalation agreement" this week with the aim of paving the way for a broader, more robust truce. The announcement came after a meeting between U.S. President Donald Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin at the G20 summit of major economies in Germany A Syrian official indicated that Damascus For Indian Polity Crash course, Visit my Unacademy profile-

  8. Can Trump and Tillerson pull of Syria ceaseire? A geographically limited ceasefire agreement will kick in in Syria, and the U.S. hopes that this could be the modest beginning of an extensive cessation of conflict across the country . The agreement reached by the U.S, Russia and Jordan seeks to enforce a ceasefire and deliver humanitarian assistance in southwest Syria. . But the official warned against unqualified optimism. "..there have been ceasefires in the past. At the end of the day, this is Syria. It's a very complicated battle space and there are a lot of spoilers on the ground, and we're effectively dependent upon outside parties with influence o ensure the compliance of those with whom they have influence. . Outside Parties:"In the case of the Russians, obviously, that's principally the regime forces; in the case of the US., Jordan, it's the forces of the opposition. ->There is the regime,which we hope under Russian pressure will comply There are jihadis from alQaida and from Daesh (Islamic State) even in southwest Syria, although smaller in number, that may well have a vested interested in spoiling the ceasefire." For Daily Multiple Choice Questions,Visit my Unacademy profile-

  9. 6 0 50 100 om 50 100 mi TURKEY Al Hasakah Ar Raggah Aleppo -36 36 takia Baxpayrat alAsad Med Baniyas Sea Tartus Hamarh Sea Tats Hamah Dayr az Zawr Tadmur LEB. IRAG DAMASCUS Mount Hemon l Qunay tirah IS ) Golan Heights JORDAN 36 39 SAU. AR 42 For Daily Multiple Choice Questions, Visit my Unacademy profile-

  10. . World News: Trump says 'time to move forward' with Moscow Mr.Trump said he and Mr. Putin had talked about the idea of setting up what he called "an impenetrable cyber security unit" to prevent hacking in future elections, without giving details. . He also said the two men had discussed the implementation of a ceasefire in Syria which began on Sunday, saying it will save lives" 'Now it is time to move forward in working constructively with Russia!" . Moscow has warned that a program of sanctions imposed by the U.S., which was tightened last month, threatens their whole relationship. Mr. Trump's predecessor Barack Obama ordered the seizure of two Russian diplomatic com- pounds in the U.S. last December after accusing Russia of trying to influence the outcome of the 2016 presidential election. e And last month, the U.S. added 38 individuals and entities to its sanctions list targeting the Russians and pro- Russian rebels it blames for the fighting in Ukraine. For Indian Polity Crash course, Visit my Unacademy profile-