Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
ABOUT ME Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 .Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION Introduction Favourable conditions for the revolution Pre revolutionary Russia Political scenario Economic scenario Ideological scenario etc Courses of revolution Impact
THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION The people of Russia first revolted in early 1917. The revolution began when a number of workers decided to strike. Many of these workers got together during the strike to discuss politics.
THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION After a few days of riots, the army turned against the Tsar. The Tsar was forced to give up his throne and a new government took over. The government was run by two political parties: . The Petrograd Soviet (representing the workers and soldiers) And the Provisional Government (the traditional government without the Tsar).
THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION Failed Mistakes by Alexander Kerensky Did not hold elections Did not withdraw from world war I
THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION By November 1917 the Provisional Government was in complete collapse. .The Bolshevik party, helped by German money, had built up an efficient party organisation, a brilliant propaganda machine, and a powerful private army (the Red Guards). APT
THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION When Lenin moved to take over, the Provisional Government was unable to stop him, and the 'November Revolution' was less of a revolution than a coup d' tat. By October 1917,Lenin felt the time was right for a revolution. He returned in disguise from Finland . The telephone and telegraph buildings were taken over, as were the power stations,Bridges were captured,So were the railway stations. The Provisional Government surrendered to the Red Guards.
THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION eMain factions of the Petrograd Soviet was a group called the Bolsheviks They were led by Vladimir Lenin and believed that the new Russian government should be a Marxist (communist) government. what is called the Bolshevik Revolution. Russia was now the first communist country in the world. In October of 1917, Lenin took full control of the government in
THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION Results After the revolution, Russia exited World War I by signing a peace treaty with Germany called the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. The new government took control of all industry and moved the Russian economy from a rural one to an industrial one. It also seized farmland from landholders and distributed it among the peasants
WHY DID REVOLUTION OF NOVEMBER 1917 SUCCEED? I. Provisional Government problems Provisional Government was weak 2. Slogans and unpopular e The Bolsheviks 'Peace, Bread, Land, and "All Power to the Soviets . got the public's support. 3. Pravda Own propaganda machine, newspaper Pravda ('Truth'), which got their ideas across.
WHY DID REVOLUTION OF NOVEMBER 1917 SUCCEED? 6. Army A private Bolshevik army (the Red Guards), dedicated to the revolution, was set up and trained under Leon Trotsky. 7. Organisation The Bolsheviks were brilliantly organised , Membership grew to 2 million in 3 months, total obedience from their members, well- disciplined
SIGNIFICANCE Russian revolution proved to be blessing for many countries in the world.They rose a new form of governance and communism The revolution gave birth to new values Russia l ed the nations belonging to the eastern hemisphere.