Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
About Me Name-Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99
Industrial revolution eVIeans Why in Britain first * Importance Different path to industralisation : Britain, France & Germany . Effects of Industrial revolution
Importance Radically changed the method of production Before, humans were limited to human & animal power Now humans were able to harness the power of machines .Also able to mass produce goods Leads to change in lifestyle e.g. - workplace & free time Support western expansion into other countrie:s
Britain Agriculture revolution Availability of capital Availability of coal & iron mines . Social & political stability- parliamentary monarchy Risk taking private sector Presence of enterprise people . Started with Textile industry
Germany The central government's role was also greater than it had been in Great Britain This was partly because the German government wanted to hasten the process and catch up with British industrialization. Germany used its rich iron and coal resources to develop heavy industry, such as iron and steel manufacture . It also proved to be an environment that encouraged big businesses and cooperation among large firms.
Germany The German b anking sector, for example, was dominated by a few large banks that coordinated efforts to increase industry. Germany did not begin their industrialisation until 1870. Germany was divided into states, which made the economy unstable. -"power struggle" especially between Prussia and Austria . In 1871 Germany, Became united - goods, natural resources could be distributed among all of Germany faster than before- Business thrived
Germany Less vulnerable to political, social and military attacks- lowered costs and risks associated with owning a business Imposed laws driving up the costs of foreign goods and also allowed cartels to be formed, which allowed the businesses to drive the price of a certain item up Accumulated a lot of money from tariffs imposed on foreign items, which allowed her to put money back into the economy .
Germany Artificial dyes and pharmaceuticals, leading to the German monopolisation Germany focused on technical education, -focused on electrics, physics and chemistry, Britain did not focus as much on education as the Germans did Germany was focusing on the chemical and electrical industry, Britain was thriving in the textile industry.
France In France, industrial development was delayed by political . In 1789, the Civil Code abolished the age old guild systems turmoil with The French Revolution and its consequences and domestic customs duties. It stimulated domestic trade and allowed many products to move across from one region to another without paying tariffs * lack of coal, but the central government played a more active role in development
France . By the late decades of the 19th century and the ushering of the 20th century France, although had a sizable industrial might, remained an agricultural economy. It became prominent in the fields of electrometallurgy and electrochemistry. But France became also prominent for its automobile industry.
Effects . Boost trade & commerce Emergence of factory system of production - independent workers became a wage earner Social effects- Growth of new cites - Manchester, Sheffield etc .Growth of slum .Men, women, and children alike were employed at survival wages in unhealthy and dangerous environments promoted child labour