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French Revolution part-1(in hindi)
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Its discussion of French revolution. What was it. When did it happened etc.

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

U
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  1. FRENCH REVOLUTION


  2. ABOUT ME Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 20l6 Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: htps:/lunacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. FRENCH REVOLUTION . What was it When did it take place Factor & circumstances of revolution Social factor, Economic factor Role of monarchy Role of ideas, ideology&philosopher Progress of revolution . Consequences & Impact


  4. FRENCH REVOLUTION The French Revolution was a period of time in France when the people overthrew the monarchy and took control of the government.


  5. WHEN DID IT TAKE PLACE The French Revolution lasted 10 years from 1789 to 1799. It began on July 14, 1789 when revolutionaries stormed a prison called the Bastille. The revolution came to an end 1799 when a general named Napoleon overthrew the revolutionary government and established the French Consulate


  6. SOCIAL FACTOR Division of French Society During 18th Century Typical social structure - 3 states 1 estate Clergy 2nd estate Noblity 3rd estate Big businessmen, Court officials Lawyers, Administrative officials, etc Small farmers, Artisans Very small farmers, labours, servants


  7. SOCIAL FACTOR Division of French Society During 18th Century . Typical social structure - 3 states ructure -3 states 1st estate Clergy . 1st state-clergy, only 5% of the population, controlled about 15% of French lands 2nd State-wealthy nobles, 2% of Population-held about 20% of wealth 3rd state - peasants and bourgeoisie -93% of population 2nd estate-N Noblity 3d estate Big businessmen, Court officials, Lawyers, Administrative officials, etc Sn all farrm ers, Artisans Very small farmers, labours,servants Tht tird iante pald oof the ces wile lary and got all the high-ranking jobs


  8. SOCIAL FACTOR It was a hierarchical social structure, based on the medieval ideals & value -which determine the social status Society based on idea of privilege Society marked by social inequality Two major classes -privilege & unprivileged Unprivileged exploited by various channels & methods -feudal dues to Nobel, direct & indirect taxes to king ClergY Noblity Lawyers, Administrative officials,ete Small farmmers,Artisans Very small farmers


  9. SOCIAL FACTOR Agrarian distress - medieval practices,famine ete Urban workers -increasingly alienated, rising prices etc Bourgeoisie - excluded from posts of power in government, complained of guild regulations & restriction on free commercial activity . Due to this discontent among 3rd state


  10. ECONOMIC FACTOR Financial policy of the French government was extremely faulty Division of French Society During 18th Century profitless wars, spent lavishly on various projects & reliefs Policy of taxation was fully anomaly Nobility & clergy - paid the minimum Three evils - privilege, concession & exemption estato Clergy z" estate Noblity 3* estate Big businessmen, Court officials, Lawyers, Administrative officials, etc Small farmers, Artisans . Inflation & bad harvest- made situation worst Very small farmers


  11. ROLE OF PHILOSOPHERS French revolution became revolution of ideas Declaration of the right of man, the principles of liberty, equality & fraternity - drawn from the writings of philosophers & partly from the American revolution e lock, Russo, Montesquieu, Voltaire etc - kind of awakening, influencing public opinion, educated the group of people


  12. SUMMARY exclusion from political power and positions of honour (2) peasants acutely aware of their situation and were less and less willing to support the anachronistic and burdensome feudal system (3) Philosophes-read more widely in France than anywhere else