Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
About Me Name-Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99
Industrial revolution eVIeans Why in Britain first * Importance Different path to industralisation : Britain, France & Germany . Effects of Industrial revolution
near er. ain parts ATLANTIC 1About 80 percent OCEANN of the British live in rural areas. The Industrial 2 Workers weave textiles on hand looms in their 18homes Revolution began in England for a variety of reasons rish Sea eDublin AT IRELAN BRIPAIN el London 3 Coal is used to produce iron in small amounts English Channel Industry In 1750 most British products were still made by hand. A few years later, most textiles were machine-made in factories. in Great Britairn 1750 Coal mining Iron workshops Cloth-making in homes City with over 100,000 people
Whv in Britain First . By the 1780s, the British Industrial Revolution, which had been developing for several decades, began to further accelerate. Emergence of machine Spinning jenny, Spinning mule, power loom, steam engine etc Agriculture revolution The perfection of the horse-drawn seed press -farming less labor intensive and more productive.
Whv in Britain First . The large-scale growth of new crops- potato and maize, by 1750 . The passing of the Enclosure Laws, limiting the commorn land available to small farmers in 1760 Availability of capital profit from growing trade .Loan obtained - Bank of England
Whv in Britain First Practical bent of mind of the English researcher- Made inventions keeping in view the needs of time . Geographical location Cut off from mainland-remained immune from war & upheavals of Nepoleonic conflicts, easy to transport raw material & finished goods
Why in Britain First Small population- . Could not cope with England's growing demand shortage of labour-apply new mechanical device . Availability of coal & iron mines close to each other . Social & political stability - insular position saved disastrous consequences of war, encouraged the people to invest
Whv in Britain First Presence of enterprise people - possessed enterprising spirit & requisite technical qualities Better means of transport Risk taking private sector
Importance Radically changed the method of production Before, humans were limited to human & animal power Now humans were able to harness the power of machines .Also able to mass produce goods Leads to change in lifestyle e.g. - workplace & free time Support western expansion into other countrie:s
Britain Agriculture revolution Availability of capital Availability of coal & iron mines . Social & political stability- parliamentary monarchy Risk taking private sector Presence of enterprise people . Started with Textile industry
Germany The central government's role was also greater than it had been in Great Britain This was partly because the German government wanted to hasten the process and catch up with British industrialization. Germany used its rich iron and coal resources to develop heavy industry, such as iron and steel manufacture . It also proved to be an environment that encouraged big businesses and cooperation among large firms.
Germany Less vulnerable to political, social and military attacks- lowered costs and risks associated with owning a business Imposed laws driving up the costs of foreign goods and also allowed cartels to be formed, which allowed the businesses to drive the price of a certain item up Accumulated a lot of money from tariffs imposed on foreign items, which allowed her to put money back into the economy .
France Napoleon began a massive infrastructure projects. Road and canals expanded across France. Canals connected major rivers that served as highways for goods. Roads also improved travelling businessmen vetunini friem abroad began to introduce new technologies. . The province of Alsace and Lorraine hosted most of the industrial development of France.
Effects . Boost trade & commerce Emergence of factory system of production - independent workers became a wage earner Social effects- Growth of new cites - Manchester, Sheffield etc .Growth of slum .Men, women, and children alike were employed at survival wages in unhealthy and dangerous environments promoted child labour
Effects Not conducive for healthy family life . Led to sharp division in society- the bourgeois & the proletariat Modern inventions - Medicine Improved -Better surgeons ,The telephone, Light bulb Political effects Led colonisation of Asia & Africa- raw material 8 market
Effects * Divided the countries - developed & under developed Fillip to the reform movement in England - number of factory laws were enacted Launched Chartist movement Formation of trade unions, movement . Paved the way for the development of new social & economic doctrines