Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
About Me Name-Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99
Industrial revolution eVIeans Why in Britain first * Importance Different path to industralisation : Britain, France & Germany . Effects of Industrial revolution
Britain Agriculture revolution Availability of capital Availability of coal & iron mines . Social & political stability- parliamentary monarchy Risk taking private sector Presence of enterprise people . Started with Textile industry
Germany The central government's role was also greater than it had been in Great Britain This was partly because the German government wanted to hasten the process and catch up with British industrialization. Germany used its rich iron and coal resources to develop heavy industry, such as iron and steel manufacture . It also proved to be an environment that encouraged big businesses and cooperation among large firms.
France In France, industrial development was delayed by political . In 1789, the Civil Code abolished the age old guild systems turmoil with The French Revolution and its consequences and domestic customs duties. It stimulated domestic trade and allowed many products to move across from one region to another without paying tariffs * lack of coal, but the central government played a more active role in development
France Napoleon began a massive infrastructure projects. Road and canals expanded across France. Canals connected major rivers that served as highways for goods. Roads also improved travelling businessmen vetunini friem abroad began to introduce new technologies. . The province of Alsace and Lorraine hosted most of the industrial development of France.
France . By the late decades of the 19th century and the ushering of the 20th century France, although had a sizable industrial might, remained an agricultural economy. It became prominent in the fields of electrometallurgy and electrochemistry. But France became also prominent for its automobile industry.
Effects Essentially an economic revolution, brought significant changes in the social, political, & other sphere . Economic effects New factories & workshop - Increased production of goods - reduced the cast- quality good at cheap price . Led to industrial capitalism & finance capitalism
Effects . Boost trade & commerce Emergence of factory system of production - independent workers became a wage earner Social effects- Growth of new cites - Manchester, Sheffield etc .Growth of slum .Men, women, and children alike were employed at survival wages in unhealthy and dangerous environments promoted child labour
Effects * Divided the countries - developed & under developed Fillip to the reform movement in England - number of factory laws were enacted Launched Chartist movement Formation of trade unions, movement . Paved the way for the development of new social & economic doctrines