Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
ABOUT ME Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 20l6 Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: htps:/lunacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99
FRENCH REVOLUTION . What was it When did it take place Factor & circumstances of revolution Social factor, Economic factor Role of monarchy Role of ideas, ideology&philosopher Progress of revolution . Consequences & Impact
THE FRENCH\R EVOLUTION-CHANGES IN SECULAR FIELD FIRST STAGE. 1789 - 1792 Remnants of manorialism was largely obliterated Serfdom was eliminated Privileges of nobles were ended Monopolies of all kinds were abolished Exemption from taxation Distincti n of rank and class was abolished Equality bef re law was established Declafation of righls of men roperty as natural rioht was established Libert. Se Freedon of speech curity and Resistance to oppression was, established as natural right - Liberty of press _ Punishment- in accordarnce with L _ Sovereignty of pecple Abuse of New constitution introduced Govt. converted into limited monarchy King's control over army was abolish d Ministers were forbidden to st in assembly powers by officials was made subject to deposition
SECOND PHASE REIGN OF TERROR (1792-94 The darkest period of the French Revolution- lasted from 1793 to 1794 National convention - various group - liberal, radical( Jacobins & Girondists) Robespierre led the National Convention and the Committee of Public Safety
SECOND PHASE REIGN OF TERROR Stamp out any opposition to the revolution, anyone suspected of treason could be arrested and executed by guillotine. Thousands of people were executed including Queen Marie Antoinette and many of Robespierre's political rivals. . Monarchy abolished e Robespierre no longer had any justification for his extreme actions, and he himself was arrested in July 1794 and executed
3RD PHASE - THE DIRECTORY (1794-99) Period of governmental restructuring began, leading to the new Constitution of 1795 A group known as the Directory was formed. Though it had no legislative abilities, the Directory's abuse of power soon came to rival that of any of the tyrannous revolutionaries FranceN had faced.
FOURTH PHASE 1799 ON e French armies- led by Napoleon Bonaparte, were making progress in nearly every direction. Napoleon's forces drove through Italy and reached as far as Egypt before facing a deflating defeat. Having received word of political upheavals in France, Napoleon returned to Paris.
FOURTH STAGE 1799 ON He arrived in time to lead a coup against the Directory in 1799, eventually stepping up and naming himself first consul"-effectively, the leader of France. With Napoleon at the helm, the Revolution ended, and France entered a fifteen-year period of military rule.
IMPACT On France- . With declaration of human right, the old France was destroyed Destruction of old social order- based on principle of equality Destruction of political order - monarchy to Napoleon Economic reorganisation French revolution spread liberation willingly & nationalism unwillingly in Europe