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About Me Name -Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99
Chines Revolution . What was it China before 1911 First revolution 1911 First United Front: 1923-1927 . The Civil War Long March .The Second United Front (1937-1941) The Civil War Renewed
Chines Revolution The creation of the PRC also completed the long process of governmental upheaval in China begun by the Chinese Revolution of 1911. The Chinese Revolution was a revolution against many things: .foreign imperialism in China, the Qing monarchy, privilege and inequality, exploitation and corruption, national disunity, China's military and economic weakness. . The seeds of the Chinese Revolution can be found in the anti-imperialism and rising nationalism of the 19th century.
Chines Revolution The revolution was one of several distinct phases: the late Qing period (to 1911), the early republic (1911-16), the Warlord Era (1916-27), the Nationalist period or 'Nanjing Decade' (1927-37), the war with Japan (1937-45) and the Chinese Civil War (1945-49) During these periods different groups and leaders vied for control of China. . A final victor emerged in October 1949, when Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party proclaimed the People's Republic of China.
Chines Revolution Time Line Qing Dynasty (1644 to 1912)1900 - The Boxer Rebellion occurs with violence against foreigners and Christians. International forces intervene. 1908 - Puyi becomes the last Emperor of China at the age of 2. 1910 Slavery is abolished in China. 1911 - The Qing dynasty is overthrown by the Xinhai Revolution.
Republican Era (1912 to 1949)1912 Revolutionary Sun Yat-sen becomes the first President of the Republic of China. 1912 - China adopts the Gregorian Calendar. . 1917 - China joins World War I and declares war on Germany. 1927 The Ten Years Civil War occurs between the Kuomintang nationalists, led by Chiang Kai-shek, and the communist party, led by Mao Zedong. . 1928 - Chiang Kai-shek becomes the Chairman of the National Government of China. . 1934 - Mao Zedong leads his people on a retreat across China called the Long March.
Republican Era (1912 to 1949) 1937 - China is invaded by Japan. Japan captures several important cities including Beijing. 1941 - Japan attacks the United States at Pearl Harbor. China is now on the side of the Allies in World War II. 1945 - World War ll comes to an end and Japan is defeated. The Civil War between the communists and the nationalists resumes. . Communist Era (1949 . 1949 - The communists win the war and the People's Republic of China is formed by Mao Zedong.
The announcement ended the costly full-scale civil war between the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the Nationalist Party, or Kuomintang (KMT), which broke out immediately following World War Il and had been preceded by on and off conflict between the two sides since the 1920's.
Background-Chine berore 191 The chief result of the impact of the West on China had been to weaken her and to postpone the day when she could form a strong new government to replace the tottering Manchu Dynasty. In other ways, however, the West helped to bring about the Chinese Revolution. . Chinese who went abroad to study or who came in contact with Western education in China soon realized that China must develop a strong government along Western lines if it was to take its place in the modern world
Background-Chine berore 191 . Also, the growth of modern trade and industry in the treaty ports developed an entirely new class in China, a middle class of merchants, manufacturers, and bankers who did business with the West and shared many of its ideas. . This class provided much of the leadership and the money for a nationalist movement which came to be organized under the name of the National People's Party, or, in Chinese, the Kuomintang.
The First Revolution Got Rid of the Manchus During these years the Nationalists, under Sun Yat-sen, were slowly gaining popular support, but realized that they needed help from abroad in order to overthrow the war lords and set up a strong central government. After appealing in vain to the United States, Great Britain, and Japan, they turned to Soviet Russia. . Sun Yat-sen invited Russian technical and political advisers to come to Canton to help to reorganize, the Kuomintang and build up a revolutionary army . Sun Yat Sen resigned giving charge to the General Yuan Shih Kai.
First united Front (1923-27) They both received help from the Soviet Union. . The KMT, on the other hand, wanted to control the communists from within. Both parties had their own aims and the Front was unsustainable. In 1927, Nationalist Field Marshal (Generalissimo) Chiang Kai- shek purged the Communists from the Front while the Northern Expedition was still half-complete. This initiated a civil war between the two parties which lasted until the Second United Front was formed in 1936 to prepare for the coming Second Sino-Japanese War.
Long March The Long March In 1934, Mao and the CPC army had to retreat from the Kuomintang. They went on a series of long marches that lasted an entire year, from October of 1934 to October of 1935. They traveled around 7,000 miles. . They began the Long Marc h at Jiangxi province in south China and finally stopped at the Shaanxi province of northern China Out of around 80,000 soldiers that began the march, only 8,000 or so made it to the end.
The Second United Front (1937-1941 World War II When the Japanese invaded China in 1937, the CPC and the Kuomintang once again united in order to defend their homeland. .This uneasy alliance continued throughout World War II, but the two sides still hated and mistrusted each other.
The first revolution, in 1911, aimed to rid the country of the Manchus and to set up a republic modeled on the governments of the United States and Great Britain.