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American Revolution part-3(in hindi)
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Its discussion of American revolution. What was it. What was the British policy towards America before 1763 after 1763 etc

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

U
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Sunil Singh
a month ago
Devesh, Keep on learning...
  1. AMERICAN REVOLUTION


  2. About Me Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 Taught History for 3 years at University level . Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. American Revolution What was it America before Independence British Policy before 1763 (1756-63, seven year war) Reasons in nutshell British policy after 1763 - impact


  4. American Revolution The American Revolution was a time when the British colonists in America rebelled against the rule of Great Britain. There were many battles fought and the colonies gained their freedom and became the independent country of the United States. The American Revolutionary War lasted from 1775 until 1783.


  5. America before Independence In 16th cen. - Englishmen - establish colonies, trade & commerce In 18th cen.-colonies were established by France, Spain etc - inherited the spirit of liberty- America had developed on different lines They had little love for mother country enjoying in America more freedom than they could enjoy in Europe


  6. British policy before 1763 British believed America was their colony - colonies existed merely to serve the mother country - provide raw materials & market for finished goods Imperial control was being increased to exploit the colony to their advantages Navigation act of 1651 -all goods entering England must be carried in ships owned or manned by British


  7. Policy after 1763 Seven vear war- Relations b/w England colonist completely changed end of the fear of possible Anglo-French alliance France left a heavy burden on the British To raise money the British Government resorted to new taxes


  8. Policy after 1763 In 1763 George Granville (PM) issue proclamation - prevented waste ward settlement In 1764 sUaar act-to collect revenue New taxes on wines, silk, indigo etc 1765 stamp act- revenue from the official document Taxes imposed on legal papers, newspapers and pamphlets


  9. Policy after 1763 Americans declared that the British parliament had no right to levy taxes on them E No taxation without representation was the slogan Threatened to stop the import of British goods Violent opposition and the Reaction to the Stamp Act resulted in the British repealing the act in 1766 NO SUGAR ACT NO NO TEA ACT SA


  10. Policy after 1763 1765 Quartering act - burden of supporting the British soldiers was thus to be shifted from English to the colonies Nine states-to formulate policy to protest against the stamp act Sons of liberty also opposed it - marched in the streets, shouting - Liberty, Property & no stamps


  11. Policy after 1763 Grenville minister fell, Rockingham became PM, passed the Declaratory Act that asserted the British right to make laws binding on the colonies William Pitt became PM, Townsend act -Parliament imposed a tax on consumer goods coming into the colonies, such as paper, glass, tea etc


  12. Revolutionary war Begins Firstcontinentalcongress 1774-appealed to remove restriction - king declared it mutiny Battle of Lexington and Concord (April 19, 1775) - The actual fighting starts with the first "shot heard around the world". The Americans win as the British retreat. 17z6 2nd continental congress-declared independence Battle of Yorktown (Oct. 19, 1781) - The last major battle of the American Revolutionary War


  13. Reasons Conflict in economic Interest Uniqueness of American society Conflict between different classes Difference on constitutional issue Emergence of America as nation Seven year war Policies of George Granville


  14. Impact on Britain Economical Lost America, very good market for her goods Suffered a loss in trade & commerce National debt went up considerably This was amply compensated by the markets of India France got a market for her goods in new independent America


  15. Impact on Britain England realize -principle of free trade & Commercial monopoly were opposed fo each oiher New colonies granted the right to trade freely, freely passed laws to develop their own industries Method of imperial preference was adopted - brought the colonies to the mother country


  16. Inspiration for Political System Its success strengthened the concept of natural rights throughout the Western world Furthered the Enlightenment rationalist critique of an old order built around hereditary monarchy and an established church. It was a precursor to the French Revolution, but it lacked the French Revolution's violence and chaoS because it had occurred in a society that was already fundamentally liberal