Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
About Me Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 Taught History for 3 years at University level . Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99
American Revolution What was it America before Independence British Policy before 1763 (1756-63, seven year war) Reasons in nutshell British policy after 1763 - impact
American Revolution The American Revolution was a time when the British colonists in America rebelled against the rule of Great Britain. There were many battles fought and the colonies gained their freedom and became the independent country of the United States. The American Revolutionary War lasted from 1775 until 1783.
America before Independence In 16th cen. - Englishmen - establish colonies, trade & commerce In 18th cen.-colonies were established by France, Spain etc - inherited the spirit of liberty- America had developed on different lines They had little love for mother country enjoying in America more freedom than they could enjoy in Europe
America before independence Americans were inspired by the ideas of philosophers like Locke, Milton, Jefferson etc Colonies - driven from England, each colony had a local assembly, however they were under the rule of mother country Thus American view was that they should manage their affairs in their own way
America before Independence By the 18th cen. The colonist found the laws which the English government imposed upon more & more objectionable The idea of being an independent nation grew & developed into the revolutionary war in which the colonist gained their independence
British policy before 1763 British believed America was their colony - colonies existed merely to serve the mother country - provide raw materials & market for finished goods Imperial control was being increased to exploit the colony to their advantages Navigation act of 1651 -all goods entering England must be carried in ships owned or manned by British
British policy before 1763 Enumerated commodities act 166Q-shall not export commodities like sugar, tobacco, cotton etc to any country except England The WoolAct in 1692 which prohibited the export of American made cloth from its colony of origin.
British policy before 1763 The 1689 Enalish Bill of Rights was passed which put into place a constitutional form of government in which the rights and liberties of the individual were protected under English law. The Americans argued that they were not afforded the same rights. The lron Act 1750 suppress the manufacture of iron finished goods in the colonies and to increase the production of iron and its export to Great Britain
Reasons Conflict in economic Interest Uniqueness of American society Conflict between different classes Difference on constitutional issue Emergence of America as nation Seven year war Policies of George Granville