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American Revolution part-4(in hindi)
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Its discussion of American revolution. What was it. What was Boston tea party event. What was the reason for Revolution etc

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

U
Unacademy user
sir plz continue this course...
Hindi me class nhi chlta kya
Sunil Singh
a year ago
Pooja, I don't know hindi typing so content are in English but explanation is in hindi.you can note down all points in hindi. if you face any issue write me. keep learning....
Hindi me class bhi chlta kya
  1. AMERICAN REVOLUTION


  2. About Me Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 Taught History for 3 years at University level . Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. American Revolution What was it America before Independence British Policy before 1763 (1756-63, seven year war) Reasons in nutshell British policy after 1763 - impact


  4. Policy after 1763 Seven vear war- Relations b/w England colonist completely changed end of the fear of possible Anglo-French alliance France left a heavy burden on the British To raise money the British Government resorted to new taxes


  5. Policy after 1763 In 1763 George Granville (PM) issue proclamation - prevented waste ward settlement In 1764 sUaar act-to collect revenue New taxes on wines, silk, indigo etc 1765 stamp act- revenue from the official document Taxes imposed on legal papers, newspapers and pamphlets


  6. Policy after 1763 Americans declared that the British parliament had no right to levy taxes on them E No taxation without representation was the slogan Threatened to stop the import of British goods Violent opposition and the Reaction to the Stamp Act resulted in the British repealing the act in 1766 NO SUGAR ACT NO NO TEA ACT SA


  7. Policy after 1763 1765 Quartering act - burden of supporting the British soldiers was thus to be shifted from English to the colonies Nine states-to formulate policy to protest against the stamp act Sons of liberty also opposed it - marched in the streets, shouting - Liberty, Property & no stamps


  8. Policy after 1763 Grenville minister fell, Rockingham became PM, passed the Declaratory Act that asserted the British right to make laws binding on the colonies William Pitt became PM, Townsend act -Parliament imposed a tax on consumer goods coming into the colonies, such as paper, glass, tea etc


  9. Policy after 1763 Boston massacre - 1770 Lord North became PM At -he retained duty on tea Again colonies objected saying that only own assemblies had the right to rise money through taxes On March 5 1770 the incident known as the Boston Massacre took place in which 5 civilians were killed by British soldiers


  10. Policy after 1763 Boston Tea party - 1772 British passed Tea act- full revision of all import duties on tea to England - company got monopoly on trade Sons of liberty disguised with painted faces as red Indian boarded the Vessels & threw overboard chest of tea 'Intolerable Acts' -Closure of port of Boston to all commerce


  11. Revolutionary war Begins Firstcontinentalcongress 1774-appealed to remove restriction - king declared it mutiny Battle of Lexington and Concord (April 19, 1775) - The actual fighting starts with the first "shot heard around the world". The Americans win as the British retreat. 17z6 2nd continental congress-declared independence Battle of Yorktown (Oct. 19, 1781) - The last major battle of the American Revolutionary War


  12. End of Revolutionary war British General Cornwallis' surrender at Yorktown was the unofficial end to the war. Treaty of Paris (Sept. 3, 1783)- Treaty that officially ended the war


  13. Reasons Conflict in economic Interest Uniqueness of American society Conflict between different classes Difference on constitutional issue Emergence of America as nation Seven year war Policies of George Granville


  14. Impact on Britain Economical Lost America, very good market for her goods Suffered a loss in trade & commerce National debt went up considerably This was amply compensated by the markets of India France got a market for her goods in new independent America


  15. Inspiration for Liberal Movement If they could fight for America why not for their own rights France had to raise loan - financial bankruptcy- this expedited the process of French revolution French, Dutch got some territories Also inspired the revolutionary movement in South America under the leadership of Simon Boliver


  16. Inspiration for Political System America made several new experiments in the political field Soon after revolution constitution was enacted - important doctrine like Democracy, Elected representative government, republican form of government Independence of judiciary, theory of separation of powers


  17. Inspiration for Political System Its success strengthened the concept of natural rights throughout the Western world Furthered the Enlightenment rationalist critique of an old order built around hereditary monarchy and an established church. It was a precursor to the French Revolution, but it lacked the French Revolution's violence and chaoS because it had occurred in a society that was already fundamentally liberal


  18. America before Independence By the 18th cen. The colonist found the laws which the English government imposed upon more & more objectionable The idea of being an independent nation grew & developed into the revolutionary war in which the colonist gained their independence


  19. British policy before 1763 Enumerated commodities act 166Q-shall not export commodities like sugar, tobacco, cotton etc to any country except England The WoolAct in 1692 which prohibited the export of American made cloth from its colony of origin.