Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
ABOUT ME Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 20l6 Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: htps:/lunacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99
FRENCH REVOLUTION . What was it When did it take place Factor & circumstances of revolution Social factor, Economic factor Role of monarchy Role of ideas, ideology&philosopher Progress of revolution . Consequences & Impact
PROGRESS OF REVOLUTION o ISt Phase - Constitutional monarchy (1789-92) 2nd Phase - Reign of terror (1792-94) 3rd Phase -The directory (1794-99 .4th Phase-Napoleon (1799-1814) Historians have divided the period of the French Revolution into four different phases. National France became a constitutional Assembly monarchy Reign of A radical phase with escalating violence Terror. End of the monarchy DirectoryA period of reaction against extremism Age ofConsolidation of many revolutionary Napoleon changes . A period of war throughout Europe
PROGRESS OF REVOLUTION . Controller general of finances arranged the summoning of an assembly of "notables" in February 1787 to propose reforms designed to eliminate the budget deficit by increasing the taxation of the privileged classes. . The assembly refused to take responsibility for the reforms and suggested the calling of the which represented the the (the commoners) and which had not met since 1614. and the
PROGRESS OF REVOLUTION 1788, there was unrest among the populace in anis Grenoble DiiooulausePRennes king, finance minister and promised to 5, 1789 , and Louis Xv reappointed reform-minded er as the convene the Estates-General on May . Divided over a 1 vote fundamental issue: 1 vote 1 vote 97% Fest ustat clargy Sacond esate nobios Therd Estane: e everyone else
PROGRESS OF REVOLUTION Divided over a fundamental issue: Problem: How Do They Vote? e Vote by head, giving the New Order Old Regime advantage to the Third Estate, or by estate, in which case the two privileged orders of the realm might outvote the third? 1 vote 1st Estate st Estate Voting is based 2nd Estate -300 2nd Estate on 1 vote representation 648 1 vote d Estate Estate The King decreed that they must vote bsed on the ancient order- results?
CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY (1789-92) Bitter struggle over this legal issue finally drove the deputies of the Third Estate to declare themselves the ational Assembly . They threatened to proceed, if necessary, without the other two orders. supported by many of the parish priests, aristocratic upper clergy among the church's deputies.
CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY (1789-92) Royal officials locked the deputies out of their regular meeting hall, they occupied the king's indoor tennis court and swore an oath not to disperse until they had given France a new constitution The assembly, which took the official title of Assembly Parisian crowd seized the a symbol of royal - troops to dissolve it. Bastille
CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY (1789-92) Introduced the proclaiming liberty, equality, the inviolability of property, and the right to resist oppression Tried to create a monarchical regime - legislative and executive powers shared between the king and an assembly Louis XVI was weak and vacillating - tried to flee the country, but stopped , brought back to Paris.
SECOND PHASE REIGN OF TERROR (1792-94 The darkest period of the French Revolution- lasted from 1793 to 1794 National convention - various group - liberal, radical( Jacobins & Girondists) Robespierre led the National Convention and the Committee of Public Safety
3RD PHASE - THE DIRECTORY (1794-99) Period of governmental restructuring began, leading to the new Constitution of 1795 A group known as the Directory was formed. Though it had no legislative abilities, the Directory's abuse of power soon came to rival that of any of the tyrannous revolutionaries FranceN had faced.
IMPACT On France- . With declaration of human right, the old France was destroyed Destruction of old social order- based on principle of equality Destruction of political order - monarchy to Napoleon Economic reorganisation French revolution spread liberation willingly & nationalism unwillingly in Europe
IMPACT Country of progressive Ideals -Liberty, equality, Fraternity On Europe- Spread of progressive ideals - entered through Napoleon context Inspiration of liberation from ancient regime Libration movement play important role in unification of Germany & Italy Coming of the age of the middle class