Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
ABOUT ME Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 .Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION Introduction Favourable conditions for the revolution Pre revolutionary Russia Political scenario Economic scenario Ideological scenario etc Courses of revolution Impact
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION The Russian Revolution was actually a series of revolutions taking place in Russia throughout 1917, the peasants and working class people of Russia revolted against the government of Tsar Nicholas II.
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION Ihey were led by Vladimir Lenin and a group of revolutionaries called the Bolsheviks. They ultimately resulted in the overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II and the establishment ofa communist state.
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION Immediate causes the serious military reverses suffered by Russia during the I world war & consequent economic crisis Russian Revolution of 1917, two revolution:s First in February, overthrew the imperial government The second of which, in October (November), placed the Bolsheviks in power.
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION We need to understand that the Russian Revolution did not come about overnight. It was preceded by years and years of social unrest. Let's go back to the year l905, and learn about some events that set the stage for the Russian Revolution of 1917.
POLITICAL SCENARIC Autocratic rule of Czar Nicholas 2- Only true autocracy left in Europe Theory of divine rights of king Church support the king Aristocracy & the official favoured - continuing autocratic & opposed all kinds of reform Czar also secured the support of the soldiers by providing them various facilities
POLITICAL SCENARIO Resented by the common people - wanted a democratic system, pattern of western democracies, effective share in the Czar firmly turned down these demands By 1903, Russia was divided into several political groups The autocracy was upheld by the landed nobility and the higher clergy The capitalists desired a constitutional monarchy
POLITICAL SCENARIO The liberal bourgeoisie made up the bulk of the group that later became the Constitutional Democratic pa Peasants and intelligentsia were incorporated into the Socialist Revolutionary party The workers, influenced by Marxism, were represented in the Bolshevik and Menshevik wings of the Social Democratic Labor party rty . This naturally provoked the people to revolt against the existing system
ECONOMIC SCENARIO Condition of peasant . Was not better, agriculture was still dominated by the feudal lords They had very small land holding primitive tools, outdated methods of cultivations
IDEOLOGICAL SCENARIO Liberal ideas also left deep impact on the mind of Russian people Middle class influenced by progressive , liberal ideas like- Marxs who pleaded for the abolition of capitalism Other intellectuals - Tolstoy, Dostovesky etc influenced the Russians Russian came in contact with the western ideas of democracy during the war
1905 REVOLUTION In early 1905, protests broke out in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) and elsewhere. Peasants and industrial workers went on strike and put on demonstrations throughout the city, including at the Tsar's Winter Palace On January 22, 1905, a day that became known as Bloody Sunday, the Tsar's imperial guards open fired on a crowd of thousands of peaceful protesters.
l 905 REVOLUTION The heavy-handed action of the Tsar's imperial guards sparked further rioting and added fuel to the fire of revolution. Uprising failed to replace - autocracy with a democratic republic or even to convoke a constituent assembly Revolutionary leaders were placed under arrest.
1905 REVOLUTION Forced the imperial regime to institute extensive reforms- Fundamental Laws (1906)- functioned as a constitution Creation of the Duma- fostered the development of legal political activity and parties