Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
ABOUT ME Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 .Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION Introduction Favourable conditions for the revolution Pre revolutionary Russia Political scenario Economic scenario Ideological scenario etc Courses of revolution Impact
l905 REVOLUTION o Humiliating Russo-lapanese War (1904-05), demonstrated against Russian social and polirical system. Protests ranged - liberal rhetoric to strikes ,student riots and terrorist assassinations. Massacre of peaceful demonstrators - Bloody Sunday T905
1905 REVOLUTION Forced the imperial regime to institute extensive reforms- Fundamental Laws (1906)- functioned as a constitution Creation of the Duma- fostered the development of legal political activity and parties
FIRST WORLD WAR SCENARIO Over the next three years, nearly 2 million Russian soldiers were killed in battle and nearly another 5 million were wounded. People suffered sever food shortage & inflation The Russian people the Tsar for entering the war and getting so many of their young men killed. blamed
THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION The people of Russia first revolted in early 1917. The revolution began when a number of workers decided to strike. Many of these workers got together during the strike to discuss politics.
THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION They began to riot,The Tsar, Nicholas Il, ordered the army to suppress the riot. Many of the soldiers refused to fire on the Russian people and the army began to mutiny against the Tsar
THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION After a few days of riots, the army turned against the Tsar. The Tsar was forced to give up his throne and a new government took over. The government was run by two political parties: . The Petrograd Soviet (representing the workers and soldiers) And the Provisional Government (the traditional government without the Tsar).
THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION Failed Mistakes by Alexander Kerensky Did not hold elections Did not withdraw from world war I
THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION When Lenin moved to take over, the Provisional Government was unable to stop him, and the 'November Revolution' was less of a revolution than a coup d' tat. By October 1917,Lenin felt the time was right for a revolution. He returned in disguise from Finland . The telephone and telegraph buildings were taken over, as were the power stations,Bridges were captured,So were the railway stations. The Provisional Government surrendered to the Red Guards.
THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION Results After the revolution, Russia exited World War I by signing a peace treaty with Germany called the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. The new government took control of all industry and moved the Russian economy from a rural one to an industrial one. It also seized farmland from landholders and distributed it among the peasants
WHY DID REVOLUTION OF NOVEMBER 1917 SUCCEED? 4. German money The Germans financed the Bolsheviks because they knew that Lenin wanted to take Russia out of the war, This gave them the money to mount their publicity campaigns 5. Lenin A brilliant leader, an iron will, ruthless, brilliant speaker, a good planner with ONE aim - to overthrow the government
WHY DID REVOLUTION OF NOVEMBER 1917 SUCCEED? 6. Army A private Bolshevik army (the Red Guards), dedicated to the revolution, was set up and trained under Leon Trotsky. 7. Organisation The Bolsheviks were brilliantly organised , Membership grew to 2 million in 3 months, total obedience from their members, well- disciplined
SIGNIFICANCE revolution inspired by the philosophy of Karl Marx. First The working class required acquired great importance due to this revolution. The revolution gave the world a direction to bring about social development through economic planning. An attempt to create a social order without religion, class and exploitation.
SIGNIFICANCE .The concept of welfare state was accepted everywhere in the world .The revolution This revolution led set up the principles of equality, co- operation and global fraternity. Freedom from all sorts of restriction was given. It brought about fundamental changes in political , social, economic cultural and scientific fields of Russia