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About Me Name -Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99
Chines Revolution . What was it China before 1911 First revolution 1911 First United Front: 1923-1927 . The Civil War Long March .The Second United Front (1937-1941) The Civil War Renewed
Chines Revolution The creation of the PRC also completed the long process of governmental upheaval in China begun by the Chinese Revolution of 1911. The Chinese Revolution was a revolution against many things: .foreign imperialism in China, the Qing monarchy, privilege and inequality, exploitation and corruption, national disunity, China's military and economic weakness. . The seeds of the Chinese Revolution can be found in the anti-imperialism and rising nationalism of the 19th century.
Background-Chine berore 191 The chief result of the impact of the West on China had been to weaken her and to postpone the day when she could form a strong new government to replace the tottering Manchu Dynasty. In other ways, however, the West helped to bring about the Chinese Revolution. . Chinese who went abroad to study or who came in contact with Western education in China soon realized that China must develop a strong government along Western lines if it was to take its place in the modern world
The First Revolution Got Rid of the Manchus The Chinese Communist Party; which had been organized in 1921, Organized factory workers and peasants so that they could assist in the revolution. . The Kuomintang and the CPC united for a time.
The First Revolution Got Rid of the Manchus . First United Front: 1923-1927 The First United Front (also known as the KMT-CPC Alliance) They wanted to unify China. they formed the Nationa Revolutionary Army and set out in 1926 on the Northern Expedition. Called The Second Revolution United China The CPC joined the KMT as individuals, making use of KMT's superiority in numbers to help spread communism.
The Civil War Begins Mao Zedong of the CPC led an uprising against the Kuomintang called the Autumn Harvest Uprising. The uprising failed, but the civil war had begun. The Civil War Begins In 1927 the rivalry became a war. . The war was fought between the nationalist government of China, also called the Kuomintang (KMT), and the Communist Party of China (CPC) Chiang Kai-shek of the Kuomintang decided to get rid of the CPC. . The Kuomintang killed and arrested many of the CPC leaders in what is today called the Shanghai Massacre.
The Civil War Begins .The war was interrupted when Japan invaded China in 1936 and by . Ten Years Civil War Over the next ten years, from 1927 to 1936 the two . Mao Zedong led peasants and common people in uprisings against the World War II. sides fought. Kuomintang. At the same time Chiang Kai-shek tried to put down the uprisings and eliminate Mao and the CPC Army.
Long March The Long March In 1934, Mao and the CPC army had to retreat from the Kuomintang. They went on a series of long marches that lasted an entire year, from October of 1934 to October of 1935. They traveled around 7,000 miles. . They began the Long Marc h at Jiangxi province in south China and finally stopped at the Shaanxi province of northern China Out of around 80,000 soldiers that began the march, only 8,000 or so made it to the end.
The Second United Front (1937-1941 World War II When the Japanese invaded China in 1937, the CPC and the Kuomintang once again united in order to defend their homeland. .This uneasy alliance continued throughout World War II, but the two sides still hated and mistrusted each other.
The Civil War Renewed After the end of World War Il in 1945, the two sides resumed their civil war. With American support, Chiang Kai-shek took control of China's major cities. However, the CPC was heavily funded by the Soviet Union and quickly gained support in the rural areas. . The CPC launched an assault in Northern China where the Soviets had control. The Soviets helped them by letting them have the weapons left by the Japanese.
The first revolution, in 1911, aimed to rid the country of the Manchus and to set up a republic modeled on the governments of the United States and Great Britain.
The Chinese Revolution was a transformative event in world history. Today, the People's Republic of China is one of the most powerful nations on Earth. With its huge population, a diverse economy worth more than US8 trillion per annum and the most imposing military force in Asia, China is set to become the world's preeminent superpower
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