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French revolution part-3(in hindi)
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Its discussion of French revolution. What was it. What was the reason behind it etc.

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

U
Unacademy user
plz tell the page no of d news or something abt the editor if u talked abt the editorial ..m reading the Indian express but not able to see the news in the newspaper
  1. FRENCH REVOLUTION


  2. ABOUT ME Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 20l6 Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: htps:/lunacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. FRENCH REVOLUTION . What was it When did it take place Factor & circumstances of revolution Social factor, Economic factor Role of monarchy Role of ideas, ideology&philosopher Progress of revolution . Consequences & Impact


  4. FRENCH REVOLUTION The French Revolution was a period of time in France when the people overthrew the monarchy and took control of the government.


  5. SOCIAL FACTOR Division of French Society During 18th Century . Typical social structure - 3 states ructure -3 states 1st estate Clergy . 1st state-clergy, only 5% of the population, controlled about 15% of French lands 2nd State-wealthy nobles, 2% of Population-held about 20% of wealth 3rd state - peasants and bourgeoisie -93% of population 2nd estate-N Noblity 3d estate Big businessmen, Court officials, Lawyers, Administrative officials, etc Sn all farrm ers, Artisans Very small farmers, labours,servants Tht tird iante pald oof the ces wile lary and got all the high-ranking jobs


  6. ECONOMIC FACTOR Financial policy of the French government was extremely faulty Division of French Society During 18th Century profitless wars, spent lavishly on various projects & reliefs Policy of taxation was fully anomaly Nobility & clergy - paid the minimum Three evils - privilege, concession & exemption estato Clergy z" estate Noblity 3* estate Big businessmen, Court officials, Lawyers, Administrative officials, etc Small farmers, Artisans . Inflation & bad harvest- made situation worst Very small farmers


  7. ROLE OF MONARCHY . Weak character of Louis sixteen - dull, timid, no capacity to govern or take decision Under him a prodigal anar der him a prodigal anarchy reigned in France King fail to support proposal of reforms - Turgot, Necker, Brienne etc tried to reform but failed


  8. ROLE OF PHILOSOPHERS French revolution became revolution of ideas Declaration of the right of man, the principles of liberty, equality & fraternity - drawn from the writings of philosophers & partly from the American revolution e lock, Russo, Montesquieu, Voltaire etc - kind of awakening, influencing public opinion, educated the group of people


  9. ROLE OF PHILOSOPHERS Gave expression of people discontent, exposed causes & focused attention on them e Changed outlook, encourage hope to change


  10. SUMMARY exclusion from political power and positions of honour (2) peasants acutely aware of their situation and were less and less willing to support the anachronistic and burdensome feudal system (3) Philosophes-read more widely in France than anywhere else