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Russian revolution part-3(in hindi)
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It's discussion of Russian revolution. What was it. What was the reason behind it etc

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Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

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  1. RUSSIAN REVOLUTION


  2. ABOUT ME Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 .Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. RUSSIAN REVOLUTION Introduction Favourable conditions for the revolution Pre revolutionary Russia Political scenario Economic scenario Ideological scenario etc Courses of revolution Impact


  4. IDEOLOGICAL SCENARIO Liberal ideas also left deep impact on the mind of Russian people Middle class influenced by progressive , liberal ideas like- Marxs who pleaded for the abolition of capitalism Other intellectuals - Tolstoy, Dostovesky etc influenced the Russians Russian came in contact with the western ideas of democracy during the war


  5. IDEOLOGICAL SCENARIO Allies declared - war for the general welfare of people Russians impressed by this declaration & determined to fight for the establishment of peoples rule in their country People were determined to get this in actual practice


  6. l905 REVOLUTION o Humiliating Russo-lapanese War (1904-05), demonstrated against Russian social and polirical system. Protests ranged - liberal rhetoric to strikes ,student riots and terrorist assassinations. Massacre of peaceful demonstrators - Bloody Sunday T905


  7. 1905 REVOLUTION In early 1905, protests broke out in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) and elsewhere. Peasants and industrial workers went on strike and put on demonstrations throughout the city, including at the Tsar's Winter Palace On January 22, 1905, a day that became known as Bloody Sunday, the Tsar's imperial guards open fired on a crowd of thousands of peaceful protesters.


  8. l 905 REVOLUTION The heavy-handed action of the Tsar's imperial guards sparked further rioting and added fuel to the fire of revolution. Uprising failed to replace - autocracy with a democratic republic or even to convoke a constituent assembly Revolutionary leaders were placed under arrest.


  9. 1905 REVOLUTION Forced the imperial regime to institute extensive reforms- Fundamental Laws (1906)- functioned as a constitution Creation of the Duma- fostered the development of legal political activity and parties


  10. FIRST WORLD WAR SCENARIO Over the next three years, nearly 2 million Russian soldiers were killed in battle and nearly another 5 million were wounded. People suffered sever food shortage & inflation The Russian people the Tsar for entering the war and getting so many of their young men killed. blamed


  11. THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION The people of Russia first revolted in early 1917. The revolution began when a number of workers decided to strike. Many of these workers got together during the strike to discuss politics.


  12. THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION They began to riot,The Tsar, Nicholas Il, ordered the army to suppress the riot. Many of the soldiers refused to fire on the Russian people and the army began to mutiny against the Tsar


  13. THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION Failed Mistakes by Alexander Kerensky Did not hold elections Did not withdraw from world war I


  14. THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION eMain factions of the Petrograd Soviet was a group called the Bolsheviks They were led by Vladimir Lenin and believed that the new Russian government should be a Marxist (communist) government. what is called the Bolshevik Revolution. Russia was now the first communist country in the world. In October of 1917, Lenin took full control of the government in


  15. WHY DID REVOLUTION OF NOVEMBER 1917 SUCCEED? I. Provisional Government problems Provisional Government was weak 2. Slogans and unpopular e The Bolsheviks 'Peace, Bread, Land, and "All Power to the Soviets . got the public's support. 3. Pravda Own propaganda machine, newspaper Pravda ('Truth'), which got their ideas across.


  16. WHY DID REVOLUTION OF NOVEMBER 1917 SUCCEED? 4. German money The Germans financed the Bolsheviks because they knew that Lenin wanted to take Russia out of the war, This gave them the money to mount their publicity campaigns 5. Lenin A brilliant leader, an iron will, ruthless, brilliant speaker, a good planner with ONE aim - to overthrow the government


  17. WHY DID REVOLUTION OF NOVEMBER 1917 SUCCEED? 6. Army A private Bolshevik army (the Red Guards), dedicated to the revolution, was set up and trained under Leon Trotsky. 7. Organisation The Bolsheviks were brilliantly organised , Membership grew to 2 million in 3 months, total obedience from their members, well- disciplined


  18. SIGNIFICANCE Russian revolution proved to be blessing for many countries in the world.They rose a new form of governance and communism The revolution gave birth to new values Russia l ed the nations belonging to the eastern hemisphere.


  19. 1905 REVOLUTION In early 1905, protests broke out in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) and elsewhere. Peasants and industrial workers went on strike and put on demonstrations throughout the city, including at the Tsar's Winter Palace On January 22, 1905, a day that became known as Bloody Sunday, the Tsar's imperial guards open fired on a crowd of thousands of peaceful protesters.


  20. 1905 REVOLUTION Forced the imperial regime to institute extensive reforms- Fundamental Laws (1906)- functioned as a constitution Creation of the Duma- fostered the development of legal political activity and parties