Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
ABOUT ME Name- Sunil Kumar Singh JRF, Pursuing research in History Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 20l6 Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: htps:/lunacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99
FRENCH REVOLUTION . What was it When did it take place Factor & circumstances of revolution Social factor, Economic factor Role of monarchy Role of ideas, ideology&philosopher Progress of revolution . Consequences & Impact
PROGRESS OF REVOLUTION Divided over a fundamental issue: Problem: How Do They Vote? e Vote by head, giving the New Order Old Regime advantage to the Third Estate, or by estate, in which case the two privileged orders of the realm might outvote the third? 1 vote 1st Estate st Estate Voting is based 2nd Estate -300 2nd Estate on 1 vote representation 648 1 vote d Estate Estate The King decreed that they must vote bsed on the ancient order- results?
CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY (1789-92) Royal officials locked the deputies out of their regular meeting hall, they occupied the king's indoor tennis court and swore an oath not to disperse until they had given France a new constitution The assembly, which took the official title of Assembly Parisian crowd seized the a symbol of royal - troops to dissolve it. Bastille
CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY (1789-92) Introduced the proclaiming liberty, equality, the inviolability of property, and the right to resist oppression Tried to create a monarchical regime - legislative and executive powers shared between the king and an assembly Louis XVI was weak and vacillating - tried to flee the country, but stopped , brought back to Paris.
THE FRENCH\R EVOLUTION-CHANGES IN SECULAR FIELD FIRST STAGE. 1789 - 1792 Remnants of manorialism was largely obliterated Serfdom was eliminated Privileges of nobles were ended Monopolies of all kinds were abolished Exemption from taxation Distincti n of rank and class was abolished Equality bef re law was established Declafation of righls of men roperty as natural rioht was established Libert. Se Freedon of speech curity and Resistance to oppression was, established as natural right - Liberty of press _ Punishment- in accordarnce with L _ Sovereignty of pecple Abuse of New constitution introduced Govt. converted into limited monarchy King's control over army was abolish d Ministers were forbidden to st in assembly powers by officials was made subject to deposition
SECOND PHASE REIGN OF TERROR (1792-94 The darkest period of the French Revolution- lasted from 1793 to 1794 National convention - various group - liberal, radical( Jacobins & Girondists) Robespierre led the National Convention and the Committee of Public Safety
SECOND PHASE REIGN OF TERROR Stamp out any opposition to the revolution, anyone suspected of treason could be arrested and executed by guillotine. Thousands of people were executed including Queen Marie Antoinette and many of Robespierre's political rivals. . Monarchy abolished e Robespierre no longer had any justification for his extreme actions, and he himself was arrested in July 1794 and executed
3RD PHASE - THE DIRECTORY (1794-99) Period of governmental restructuring began, leading to the new Constitution of 1795 A group known as the Directory was formed. Though it had no legislative abilities, the Directory's abuse of power soon came to rival that of any of the tyrannous revolutionaries FranceN had faced.
FOURTH STAGE 1799 ON He arrived in time to lead a coup against the Directory in 1799, eventually stepping up and naming himself first consul"-effectively, the leader of France. With Napoleon at the helm, the Revolution ended, and France entered a fifteen-year period of military rule.
IMPACT Country of progressive Ideals -Liberty, equality, Fraternity On Europe- Spread of progressive ideals - entered through Napoleon context Inspiration of liberation from ancient regime Libration movement play important role in unification of Germany & Italy Coming of the age of the middle class