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(Hindi) 12 November 2018 The hindu dna part 2
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Mahesh Agarwal
I am a B.Tech graduate from IIT(ISM) Dhanbad.I have appeared for UPSC CSE thrice and cleared pre all the time.I have also cleared SSC CGL 20

U
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He is an amazing educator and a wonderful human being!
  1. Fears of fires as retreating monsoon dries up scrub forests Forest fire issue as a whole needs to be covered for GS3 mains environmental pollution and degradation NASA-13000 Forest Fire (FF)ncidents in Himalayan foothills in 2018 20 trekkers in Theni lost life due to FF. Causes -Natural and man made Vulnerability_- Chir Pine forest Impact-Bio Diversity loss + Timber loss Air pollution land degradation Change in microclimate loss of livelihood + loss of property and lives Methods to contain- Fire retardants + helicopter spray Containing fire in Compartments + Setting counter fire + What needed to be done and govt steps?? Assignment Probe replacement of carvings at Konark Temple: Naveen Patnaik page 6 prelims Sun Temple- WHS-13th Century monument was built by King Langula Narasingha Deva(Eastern Ganga dynasty) Called as Black Pagoda Odissa school of architecture What's in a name? A lot, say residents page 7 prelims Faizabad to Ayodhya A)Ayodhya part of Awadh region (founded by Nawab Sadat Ali) - before this part of Kosala region-Lord Buddha Preached in Ayodhya -Shuja ud daulah made Ayodhya capital of Awadh B)Faizabad Name given by Nawab Sadat Ali


  2. Riding the tiger page 8 GS 2 IR India and its neighbourhood relations Bangladesh polls in December. Important for India-Awami league led by Sheikh Hasina more Pro India + Cross border + Islamic fundamentalism control +Economic development in Bangladesh We should be free page 8 GS 1 (Hisotry of world) Role of india in 1st world war-already discussed in previous lectures Ripples of Discord Page 9 prelims Gravitational waves data-but trivial-more important is to know basics of Gravitational waves, what can be its application-contribution of india and indian scientists in Gravitational waves discovery Can Trump 'roll back the Persians'? Page 9 GS2 IR effect of ppolicies of developed and developing on india When one reads this editorial, its written more from a world's perspective. In UPSC, using such information is difficult and not worthy enough of your time.In IR its better to stick by topic and analyse issues from Indian perspective. Make notes on India's relation with neighbours ,important countries and then go for specific issues like effect of US withdrawal from Iran deal on India


  3. Protect the little helpers page 9 GS 3 Environment pollution +prelims Pollination- Pollen grains from male anther of flower to female stigma(same or other flower) Some pollinators-Bees Bats +butterflies +birds +Lizards Pollinators importance to human kind-Huge Agrarian benefit In 2015, the Intergovernmental Science Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) found that pollinator contribution in India to be $0.8311.5 billion annually for just six vegetable crops. But Human Activity leading to decline of their population -Fertiliser and pesticide usage + monoculture Cultivation Way Forward--promoting organic farming and lowering pesticide usage landscape management + extensively planting flowering plants attracting pollinators+ Fallow areas and government land can be used to plant flowering plant IAF alive to threats: Dhanoa page 10 GS 3 Article doesn't have important information,But gives a hint on what to look for in such issues. GS3 Internal security topic-Varioys security forces and agencies and their mandates Prepare on the lines of-Why Indian air force important? Issues in Air force(Modernisation+ lack of inter services integration +lack of maintenance corruption) Steps taken? What needs to be done? Any committee on air force reform??


  4. India , Singapore begins sea drill prelims page 10 SIMBEX(Bilateral Naval exercise b/w India Singapore) RBI's reserves belong to the Centre page 14 Article is more of a Phd in RBI economics , maybe useful for RBI grade B aspirants, but for UUPSC not so useful,as I said in previous lecture RBl independence vs accountability is the issue which we should focus most-its effect on monetary and fiscal policy-a balanced view needed Decoding the Central Board of the RBI page 14 Prelims The Reserve Bank's affairs are governed by a central board of directors. The board is appointed by the Government of India in keeping with the Reserve Bank of India Act. Appointed/nominated for a period of four years Constitution: -Official Directors Full-time Governor and not more than four Deputy Governors -Non-Official Directors Nominated by Government: ten Directors from various fields and two government Official .Others: four Directors one each from four local boards Functions : General superintendence and direction of the Bank's affairs


  5. Cotton prices harden on higher minimum support prices page 14 GS 1 locational factors of Indusrty and GS3 Agriculture issues Looks important at cursory glance ,but little value from exam point of view, UPSC will not ask such nitty gritties ,Rather Factors for cotton , Constraints, Locational factors for textlie industry ,How to ameliorate issues faced by cotton farmers(high suicide) should be the focu of your preparation. Behind India's leap in ease of doing business nane 14 Prelims and Mains GS Indian Economy A)World bank -India's rank 77 in 2019 B)components important C)In prelims Question on what are components EODB can be asked D)For Mains-EODB an important ranking to qu Getting credit component ranking can be compared from 201 Protecting minority interests74 highlight improvement needed Where India stands Indicator Starting business Construction permits Getting electricity Registering property 2019 2018 156 181 29 166 154 29 137 52 The two Paying taxes Trade Enforcing contracts Resolving Overall rank 121 80 146 comparable 163 164 due to small 108 103 changes, but the 119 are not strictly methodology relative rankings insolvency 77 100 stand SOURCE: WWW.DOINGBUSINESS.ORG. WORLD BANK