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(Hindi) Demonstration of how to make notes out of issues for mains from my own handwritten notes
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Mahesh Agarwal
I am a B.Tech graduate from IIT(ISM) Dhanbad.I have appeared for UPSC CSE thrice and cleared pre all the time.I have also cleared SSC CGL 20

U
Unacademy user
it's current affair course n ?
Bro make videos on pub add current affairs. and some general discussions on pub ad like adithya mishra class https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zxqi9WhM538&list=PLwYR7WJw1-QUJKWJoYoYUwlegZ49odnYN Thank U:)
thanku very much Sir for this video. This full course was much needed. may God bless you.
Thanks Sir for the video I hope I can Shorten my notes seeing this
Mahesh Agarwal
a year ago
Try out...if not...send me screenshot of your notes,can suggest some amendments
To the point information. very helpful. keep it up
Mahesh Agarwal
10 months ago
thank you...do watch DNA also..
Mahesh Agarwal
10 months ago
please rate review and share if possible..would help me to reach out to a larger audience
  1. MYSELF MAHESH KUMAR AGARWAL B.Tech From IIT ISM Dhanbad .99.9 Percentile in CAT e Cleared SIDBI grade A e Cleared SSC CGL 2016 as GST inspector e Cleared UPSC Prelims thrice in 3 attempts


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  3. When judges legislate Neither is the broad separation of powers of the three organs of the state maintained nor is the law clear MARKANDEY KATJU In many recent judgments, the Su preme Court has become hyper-acti- vist in making laws. But can judges legislate? This question has already been an swered in the past by the court. In


  4. This question has already been an- swered in the past by the court. In Ram Jawaya v. The State of Punjab (1955), the court observed: "Our Con- stitution does not contemplate assumption, by one organ or part of the state, of functions that essentially belong to another." This implies that there should be a broad separa- tion of powers in the Constitution of the three organs of the state, and that one organ should not encroach into the do- main of another. If this happens, the delicate balance in the Constitution will be upset and there will be chaos. Making laws is the function of the legislature. As observed in Union of India v. Deoki Nandan Aggarwal (1991), "The power to legislate has not been conferred on the courts." In Suresh Seth v. Commissioner, Indore Municipal Corporation (2005), the court observed: "Under our Constitutional DAT Inf


  5. Making laws is the function of the legislature. As observed in Union of India v. Deoki Nandan Aggarwal (1991), "The power to legislate has not been conferred on the courts." In Suresh Seth v. Commissioner, Indore Municipal Corporation (2005), the court observed: "Under our Constitutional scheme, Parliament and Legislative Assemblies exercise so- vereign power to enact laws." Is judicial discipline being ob- DAT Inf show served? Let us examine some recent decisions of the court exe san mo First, in Arun Gopal v. Union of India (2017), the Supreme Court fixed timings for bursting Diwali fireworks and prohi- bited the use of non-green fireworks, although there are no laws to that effect. Second, in M.C. Mehta v. Union of India (2018), the court annulled the statutory Rule 115(21) of the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989, when it directed that no BS-4 vehicle should be sold after March 30, 2020, and that only BS-6 vehicles can be sold after that date. Third, in Sub- 80 75 a.


  6. only BS-6 vehicles can be sold after that date. Third, in Sub- hash Kashinath Mahajan v. State of Maharashtra (2018), the court amended the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, by annulling Sec- tion 18 which said that no anticipatory bail will be granted to persons accused under the Act; by requiring a preliminary enquirv; and bv prohibiting arrest under the Act except with permission in writing by the appropriate authority. Fourth, in Rajesh Sharma v. The State of Uttar Pradesh (2017), the court felt that Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code was be- ing misused. So it amended that Section by requiring com plaints under that provision to be sent to a Family Welfare Committee constituted by the District Legal Services Auth- ority, although there is no such requirement in Section 498A. Finally, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) ordered that no 15-year-old petrol-driven or 10-year-old diesel-driven a. 65 60 trei The par


  7. lhe ing misused. So it amended that Section by requiring com plaints under that provision to be sent to a Family Welfare Committee constituted by the District Legal Services Auth- ority, although there is no such requirement in Section 498A. Finally, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) ordered that no 15-year-old petrol-driven or 10-year-old diesel-driven vehicle will ply in Delhi, and the Supreme Court has direct- ed impounding such vehicles, though neither the NGT nor the Supreme Court are legislative bodies. Ifjudges are free to make laws of their choices, not only would that go against the principle of separation of powers, it could also lead to uncertainty in the law and chaos as every judge will start drafting his own laws according to his whims and fancies. par mp HM CAD is The writer is a former judge of the Supreme Court CM


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  9. Searching for an elusive peace India must remain engaged with the multiple processes underway on Afghan reconciliation over a decade. As the Taliban in surgency grew 2005 onwards, the British, deployed in Helmand, soon found merit in doing side deals with local Taliban comman- ders by turning a blind eye to opi um production in the area. With ussia hosted a regional con the help of the Germans and the ference on Afghanistan last Norwegians, they began to per week to nudge the reconci suade the U.S. to work for a politi ban demanded exit of foreign troops, release of detainees from lilzad, a pushy been making t Guantanamo, and removal of its Saudi Arabia, leaders from international black and Afghanist lists. Frustrated with Pakistan's in Meanwhile ability to get Mullah Mansour to nues to wors in a drone strike in May 2016 in Ba the country, appointed as his successor RAKESH SOOD fall in line, the U.S. eliminated him government c lochistan. Maulvi Haibatullah was Taliban contro tested. Most si Meanwhile, there were signs going depletio After being elected in 2008, June 2013 to promote talks and a that the Islamic Movement of Uz- curity forces b The Taliban were represented by President Barack Obama ordered peace process. However, when the bekistan and the Tehrik-i-Taliban desertions an the political council chief, Sher a full-scale review of the U.S.s Af office started flying the Taliban Pakistan were converging under tance to join Mohammad Stanikzai. Represen ghanistan policy. After extracting flag, calling itself the political bu the banner of the Islamic State (IS) nald Trump's S tatives from Afghanistan, China, an assurance from the generals reau of the Islamic Emirate of Af in Afghanistan's northern and nounced last Pakistan, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikis that the insurgency would be de- ghanistan, it angered both the U.S. eastern provinces. In December breaking the n tan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, feated in 18 months, Mr. Obama and Afghan governments. The of 2015, Russia publicly acknow- expanding the Turkmenistan, the U.S. and India announced a shift to counterin fice was closed down though the ledged that it had "communication sence, putting swere also present at the meeting, surgency mode with a surge of ov Qatar authorities continue to host channels with the Taliban for ex and strengther change of information" and "a ties has clearl keholders were present in the phased drawdown of troops Coming to power in 2014 after a shared interest with the Taliban to why multiple p would begin in end-2011, Opera- bitterly contested election, Afghan counter the threat posed by the way. Everyone liation process between the Tal cal outcome ban and the Afghan authorities. making it the first time that all sta er 40,000 troops, but added that Taliban leaders. same room


  10. the meeting, surgency mode with a surge of ov Qatar authorities continue to host channels with the Taliban for ex and strengthening Afghan capabil e that all sta er 40,000 troops, but added that Taliban leaders. sent in the phased drawdown of troops Coig to power in 2014 after a shared interest with the Taliban to why multiple processes are under change of information and a ies has clearly failed, and this is would begin in end-2011. Operly contested election, Afghan counter the threat posed by the way. Everyone agrees that the war tion Enduring Freedom formally President Ashraf Ghani moved to IS". Clearly, it was getting back in has to end; the question for the ended in December 2014, handing improve relations with Pakistan, to the game. Preliminary consula U.S. is how to manage the optics of 1 manoeuv over primary responsibility for even calling on then Army Chief, tions were held in 2017, at which the exit while not conceding victo eting. It was combat operations to the Afghan Gen. Raheel Sharif, at the GHQ, to Afghan officials (and senior Indian ry to the Taliban. The Taliban gency gained ground. nding since Te U.S. soon realised that t derailed in July 2015 when Mr. with the Afghan government. ent insisted had run out of options. Insurgency Ghani asked for a supportive au eeting. The could not be contained as long as dio/video (instead of a written Remaining engaged s to have Af sanctuaries existed in Pakistan statement) by Taliban leader Mu Mr. Ghani launched the Kabul Pro peace process. Last month, during 1 by the High and the carrot and stick policy lah Omar and learnt that he had cess for Peace and Security Coop Russian President Vladimir Putin's set up and with Pakistan had cost the U.S. $33 died over two years earlier rnment with billion but failed to change Pakis An internal ary talks were held in Murree but Taliban declined to share the table er President and Chair of the HPC, Burhanuddin Rabbani, visited Del eration, and in February, made an unconditional dialogue offer to the India visit, both countries ex pressed their commitment to the power struggle ormally not possible as long as U.S. troops in Mullah Akhtar Mansour emerging overture, declaring that they were have the leverage to play spoiler dia sent two Afghanistan depended on supply as the leader. Insurgency grew ready to engage in direct talks only but its presence is recognition that omats, with ines through Pakistan. In 12 years, with the Taliban briefly taking ov with the Americans. Mr. Gh its economic cooperation pro- al Affairs de the U.S. had lost 2,300 soldiers er Kunduz and Ghormach districts persisted, resulting in a threeday grammes make it the most widely s launched i has sent a solution was unavoidable 2016. After a couple of meetings, partment announced the appoint dent and peaceful Afghanistan. there was a roadmap; Pakistan ment of Zalmay Khalilzad (former was to use its influence to get the U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan) Rakesh Sood is a former diplomat and Taliban's growing visibility