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18th December 2018 The Hindu DNA part 2
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Mahesh Agarwal
I am a B.Tech graduate from IIT(ISM) Dhanbad.I have appeared for UPSC CSE thrice and cleared pre all the time.I have also cleared SSC CGL 20

U
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  1. 18th December 2018 India on Monday declared a financial package of $1.4 billion for the Maldives .. Add this in your IR notes for India Maldives relation(VVIP for Mains 2019) HC allows termination of 21-week pregnancy GS4 ethics in human interface GS2 vulnerable section Because tests found that child would have significant abnormalities Raises ethical issues- Right to life of the unborn +Meddling with the natural process + designer baby concern means that we have accepted that disabled people are less worthwhile than lives of other people(disabled wil feel less valued) A survey -most disabled said they would have preferred to live rather die in womb + Child father too should have equal right to decide VS Right to life of the women( can cause threat to her life) Life full of hardship for both child and mother Empathy for the unborn child choice(Mother) + right to information( Mother taking informed decision) Right to


  2. ISRO phones for fishermen in T.N GS3 agriculture, technology mission(Blue revolution), Disaster and disaster management Satellite phones to be given to farmers-to assist fishermen navigation while in deep sea will function because of IRNSS Right prescription page 8 GS2 issues relating to health Prelims (Oxytocin usages) Delhi HC overturned ban on oxytocin Already discussed but explaining a bit again * 45000 women die in India every year due to post partum complications (Oxytocin used to induce child birth+ stem post partum bleeding ) thus easy availability of oxyticing important to reduce MMR in India .Puts a question mark on how health policy is made in india Centrism holds in India page 8, political news..ignore


  3. Not a decisive factor GS2 electoral political and process NOTA issue as a whole need to be covered from - Why NOTA -Has NOTA been successful ? - Shorcomings( no mandate for NOTA votes+ mere tokenism+ political parties staunchly against it, lack of awareness among people + no right to reject constiturncies) NOTA not a decisvie factor in majority of -Some data ( 2014 Lok Sabha election 1-1.5 % NOTA in most of the constituencies) + 2018 assemble election of RAL MP and CG NOTA % decline from previous 2013 election I am not in support of UNSC reforms -Interview GS2 important international institutions Only 23 % of worlds parliamentarian are women Apart from this data,nothing much important . Prepare on UNSC reform, with your focus on reforms that India is pushing for.. Issues with UN as awhole, UNSC in particular . What reforms needed. .What should India do from here


  4. Making every citizen anauditor GS2 transparency ,accountability, pub ad A good auditor is a good listener" said President Ram Nath Kovind Article a critique on Social audit units (SAU) SAU- state govt identifies an independent organisation as an SAU to facilitate the conduct of social audit. .SAU function- Build capacities of gram sabha for S.audit +Training for S.audit + prepare reporting formats,manuals,+ host the audit report in public domain But SAU facing issues-The governing bodies of most SAUs are not independent+ Many states have not constituted adequate SAUs + Some States have conducted very few audits and a few have not conducted any Several do not have adequate staff to cover all the panchayats even once a year For the period 201617 and 201718 (til November), only 13 SAUs registered grievances and/or detected irregularities. Solution- reverse the problems...0