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21st December 2018 The Hindu DNA
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Mahesh Agarwal
I am a B.Tech graduate from IIT(ISM) Dhanbad.I have appeared for UPSC CSE thrice and cleared pre all the time.I have also cleared SSC CGL 20

Unacademy user
good explaination
  1. 21st December 2018 Long road home GS2 IR Issues of prisoners in India- pakistan relation- .Many of whom have completed their sentences but await long processes of .The two countries must also revive the biannual meetings of the Joint Judicial Many prisoners in each other jails. identification and repatriation. Committee on Prisoners as agreed to a decade ago; the committee has not met since 2013. Towards a genetic panopticon GS2 Constitutional underpinnings(ERights issues) . Was already in news around 4-5 month back .Context- DNA profiling used to solve cases like murder, Rape, Human trafficking. + Currently very small proportion of crime is being subjected to DNA testing Speedier justice delivery + higher conviction rate. n lght of increasing DNA testing usages, DNA bill to regulate the use and application of DNA technology was passed by Lok Sabha National DNA data bank - to store DNA info

  2. Features of bill- DNA regulation board- Headed by Sect. of Dept of Biotech Certify DNA labs Lay down procedure and rules collection, storage sharing of DNA info Safeguard against misuse-disclosure of DNA info with any unauthorised person will warrant fine of upto l lakh or 3yr jail Criticisms- .Privacy issues - To be sure, that the right to privacy is infringed does not meanthat the government cannot under any circumstances gather DNA evidence. What it does mean is that such collection ought to be made under a legislative regime guided by principles of necessity and proportionality. But this bill gives untrammelled power to authorities to extract DNA info even in Civil cases. .Security issue- Data theft , already cuber crime on rise Evidences in other countries have shown that DNA testing has not led to considerable increase in conviction rate. India doesn't have a data protection law to deter misuse of information .High cost of maintaining DATA banks/infrastructural issue:s .Ethical issues- DNA testing may not be foolproof, it has errors, thus establishing that DNA testing results to be deciding factor in criminal justice system, might lead to conviction of some innocents+ travesty of justice easily Consent clause can be bypassed

  3. Against the mandate for inclusion GS2 Vulnerable sections of society. Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2018 passed by Lok Sabha Definition of transgender revised from Draft bill- a transgender person is somebody "whose gender does not match the gender assigned to that person at birth and includes trans-men or trans-women, persons with intersex variations, gender-queers, and persons having socio-cultural identities such as kinnar, hijras, aravani, and jogta" aims to stop discrimination against a transgender person . directs the central and state governments to provide welfare schemes for them .a person will be recognised as transgender on the basis of a certificate of identity issued through the district screening committee. This certificate will be a proof of identity as transgender and confer rights under this Bill Criticism the bill ignores the right of transgender persons to self-identification. . The Bil is silent on granting reservations to transgender persons Punishment for organised begging .The Bill does not mention any punishments for rape or sexual assault of transgender persons/