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7th August - The Hindu Editorial - Part-2(in Hindi)
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Subhodeep Das
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  2. booting the system for a skills upgrade Rebooting the system for a skills upgrade There needs to be a road map to rescue private Industrial Training Institutes from their weak state S. UBHODEEP


  4. Small shops, basements, tin sheds and godowns. These are not random workplaces but places where private Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) are running in the country Disturbing facts such as these come from the report of the Standing Committee on Labour (2017-18) headed by Bharatiya Janata Party MP Kirit Somaiya, on the "Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and Skill Development Initiative Scheme" of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) The ITls were initiated in the 1950s. In a span of 60 years, until 2007, around 1,896 public and 2,000 private ITls were set up. However, in a 10- year period from 200Z, more than 9,000 additional private ITls were accredited UBHODEEP

  5. What explains this huge private sector scale-up? The committee says that it is not efficiency but a disregard for norms and standards However, the ITls are not alone. The National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) today has more than 6,000 private training centres. Since it has short-term courses and its centres open and close frequently, it is all the more prone to a dilution of standards Private training partners have mushroomed at the rate of five a day (mostly with government support) and it is clear that the government has been unable to regulate private institutions for quality. UBHODEEP

  6. The lack of a regulator for skill development, with teeth, has led to poor quality affiliation, assessment and certification. The Somaiya committee report is scathing in its tone and specific in details. It outlines instances of responsibility outsourcing, no oversight, connivance and an ownership tussle between the Central and State governments Private-ITI accreditation troubles started when the Quality Council of India (QCI),a private body, was hired due to "high workload of affiliation and shortage of [government] staff". The QCl did not follow accreditation norms created by the National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) and it appears that neither scale nor standard was achieved, but only speed. UBHODEEP

  7. 'Speed' now risks the future of 13.8 lakh students (on an average, 206 students per ITI) studying in these substandard ITls, which can be closed any time. The NCVT performs an advisory role the question paper is prepared by the NCVT, but administered and evaluated by instructors of the State Councils If the same exercise were extended to other skill development schemes, the picture would be grimmer. There are 183 cases pending in High Courts on non- compliance of norms by the ITIs UBHODEEP

  8. the short-term training programmes of the Ministry evade any scrutiny and action. For example, the Standard Training Assessment and Reward scheme spent 850 crore in 2013-14 with no norms for quality. There were no Aadhaar checks, attendance requirements and batch size limitations. Profits they offered training in less than five trades (in government ITls it is less than 10); had fewer classrooms and workshops for practice; and their teachers were very poorly paid. So what can we do systemically? A good point to start would be the Sharda Prasad Committee recommendations UBHODEEP

  9. We need better oversight, with a national board for all skill development programmes The core work (accreditation, assessment, certification and course standards) cannot be outsourced. Like every other education board (such as the CBSE), a board is required in vocational training that is accountable Since we have the NCVT as a legacy, it should be used as a kernel to constitute the board. We should also have a mandatory rating system for the ITls that is published periodically. UBHODEEP

  10. There should be one system, with one law and one national vocational education and training system. The silos in which vocational training happens in India is unfortunate. We need to create a unified national vocational system where the ITIs NSDC private vocational trainers and vocational education in schools, and the other Central ministries conducting training gel seamlessly and can learn from, and work with each other. A unified legal framework can facilitate such a unification. The absence of a law has only weakened regulation and monitoring. What we need is a national vocational act that replaces all scattered regulations UBHODEEP

  11. It is unlikely that without fixing this, the QCI mistake will not boe repeated. Institutional reforms such as moving the office of the Directorate General of Employment (the arm that has all data on employment) from the Ministry of Labour to the MSDE would help. It would also complement the Directorate General of Training already under MSDE UBHODEEP

  12. This is possible through a reimbursable industry contribution (RIC) a 1-2% payroll tax that will be reimbursed when employers train using public/private infrastructure and provide data. RIC, which is implemented in 62 other countries, was recommended in the 12th Plan and is an idea whose time has come. The impact of artificial intelligence and automation NSDC training has been less than 15%. Placement in UBHODEEP