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2nd August - The Hindu Editorial - Part-3(in Hindi)
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Subhodeep Das
Dream of Achieving Big l YouTube & Facebook : UPSC360

Unacademy user
a mere suggestion sir, plz give points in bullet form bcoz it looks write Randomly written. No doubt it's gd. But it can be better. Thanks for effort..& plz carry on
very good lecture sir....can i have your email address...i want to ask some doubts regarding exam
  1. To what end this exercise? Scaled-up solutions for a future of water scarcity solutions for a future of water scarcity While bottom-up conservation movements have helped locally, India's water problems are huge S. UBHODEEP

  2. While we thoughtlessly build artificial infrastructure, we forget that this kills natural infrastructure which took evolution aeons to create and cannot be engineered We are missing the essential point that this is our lifeline on the planet Forests, rivers, mountains, aquifers and soil are being lost at an alarming rate. Today, India is in the midst of a suicidal water crisis as urban and rural landscapes go thirsty. UBHODEEP


  4. Over the years, we have seen activists, scientists and experts from across India working on bottom-up schemes to revive and rejuvenate lakes, wetlands, streams and other small water bodies. While these movements have brought about a significant change at the local level, the scale of our water problems is much larger. The scale of loss Here we have two intractable issues. First, cities today are vast agglomerations that continue to spread, with bursting populations of tens of millions. They are huge parasites on water, food, energy and all other resources. UBHODEEP

  5. High densities of our cities do not allow for water harvesting to fill the gap. Until now, invasive schemes like dams to service these large cities and the huge needs of agriculture have caused extreme ecological devastation Second, in our global market economies, the products and services that are derived from natural infrastructure have often led to the terminal loss of the source itself. The global free market, and with it the scale of human intervention, now exceeds the scale of the planet. These resources (forests, mountains, floodplains and rivers) are often lost to the greed of governments, institutions, corporations and individuals S. UBHODEEP

  6. This is long-term loss for short-term gain. Natural resources are living evolutionary resources that are constantly renewed by natural cycles. Therefore, they provide us perennial value as long as we use them with natural wisdom and not kill them with exploitation- which is the order of the day. UBHODEEP

  7. River floodplains Our research shows that floodplains of rivers are exceptional aquifers where any withdrawal is compensated by gravity flow from a large surrounding area and can be used as a source of providing water to cities. Floodplains are formed over millions of years by the flooding of rivers with deposition of sand on riverbanks Since recharge is by rainfall and during late floods, the water quality is good If we conserve and use the floodplain, it can be a self-sustaining aquifer wherein every year, the river and floodplain are preserved in the same healthy condition as the year before. UBHODEEP

  8. Preserving the floodplain in a pristine condition is essential Land on the floodplains can be leased from farmers in return for a fixed income from the water sold to cities The farmers can be encouraged to grow orchards/food forests to secure and restore the ecological balance of the river ecosystem Natural mineral water Currently, mineral water is brought from faraway mountain springs, putting huge pressure on the mountains. It is packaged and consumed in plastic bottles that end up in landfills. UBHODEEP

  9. Forested hills are a result of evolution over millions of years. They are not polluted and sit on a treasure of underground aquifers that contain natural mineral water comparable to that found in a mountain spring This is because the rain falls on the forest and seeps through the various layers of humus and cracked rock pathways, picking up nutrients and minerals and flows into underground mineral water aquifers Our research shows that the water in these aquifers is comparable to several international natural spring mineral waters it would allow a forest (like Asola Bhatti in Delhi) to be sustained as a mineral water sanctuary. UBHODEEP

  10. About 30 of the forest could then provide enough natural mineral water to 5 million people in the city. The Aravalli forested hills can provide mineral water to all major towns of Raiasthan. This water can substantially improve the health of citizens and preserve forests at the same time. Such non-invasive, local, large-scale conserve and use' projects till now have not been part of our living scheme. They change the relationship between nature, water and cities Unlike large-scale dams, these projects work with nature rather than against it. They can be used around the globe. S. UBHODEEP