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27th August - The Hindu Editorial - Part-1(in Hindi)
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Subhodeep Das
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  1. THEDU EDITORIAL DISCUSSION 27th August THE HINDU


  2. Geography NCERT Geography NCERT The Earth: Our Habitat MAINS ANSWER WRITING Our Environment For IAS / UPSC Class-7 Class 6 By Subhodeep Das By Subhodeep Das By Subhodeep Das (Hindi) NCERT Geography -Class7 (Hindi) NCERT Geography - Class 6 (Hindi) GS Answer Writing Practice for UPSC and IAS.. Specturm Beek World Straits Geography Optiona HUMAN GEOGRAPHY Chapter 2 argrted Students UPSC/IAS State PCS MODERN INDIA Models, Theories and Laws UPSC /I 5sc State in Human Geography By Subhodeep Das By Subhodeep Das (Hindi) Major Straits of World By Subhodeep Das Religious & Social Reform Movements Modern Indian History... (Hindi) Models, Theories and Laws in Human Geography UBHODEEP


  3. THEDU EDITORIAL DISCUSSION 27th August THE HINDU


  4. Article 35A and the basic structure Council conundrum: on States having a Legislative Council The larger picture on GDP numbers Odisha's plan calls for a national policy on the utility of a second chamber in States S. UBHODEEP


  5. Article 171 of the Constitution of India provides for the establishment of a Vidhan Parishad The Vidhan Parishad or Legislative Council is the upper house in those states of India that have a bicameral legislature. As of 2018, seven states have a Legislative Council. Karnataka Uttar Pradesh .Maharashtra .Bihar J& K Andhra Pradesh Telangana UBHODEEP


  6. Power of abolition or creation of Legislative council lies with parliament If legislative assembly of state passes a resolution by a majority of total membership & not less than 2/3rd of the members of the assembly present & voting, Parliament may or may not approve the resolution with simple majority ailamentmar ot mausatagateve A resolution passed by legislative assembly of state for creation or abolition of its council is not binding on parliament UBHODEEP


  7. Composition of Legislative council 1/3ra Elected by electorates consisting of members of municipalities, District boards & 1/3rd Elected by members of legislative assembly of state from amongst persons who 1/6th Nominated by governor (From fields of art, science, literature, social science & other local authorities in state are not member of assembly cooperative movements) 1/12t h Elected from graduates of 3 years, residing in that state 1/12 Elected by persons engaged in teaching for not less than 3 years in educational h institutions within the state, not lower than secondary school UBHODEEP


  8. If there was any real benefit in having a Legislative Council, all States in the country should, and arguably would, have a second chamber. The fact that there are only seven such Councils suggests the lack of any real advantage, apart from the absence of a broad political consensus on the issue Now Odisha wants to join the group of States that have an Upper House. The State Cabinet has approved a 49-member Legislative Council, accepting the report of a committee set up in 2015 to study the functioning of the second chamber in other States and make recommendations UBHODEEP


  9. The process of creating an Upper House is lengthy. The State Assembly has to pass a resolution for the creation of the Council by a majority of its total membership. Thereafter, Parliament has to enact a law to create it Two Bills introduced in the Rajya Sabha in 2013 for establishing Legislative Councils in Assam and Rajasthan are still pending, indicating the lack of support for such a move A parliamentary committee that went into these Bills cleared the proposals, but struck a cautionary note. It wanted a national policy on having an Upper House in State legislatures to be framed by the Union government, so that a subsequent government doesn't abolish it. UBHODEEP


  10. It also favoured a review of the provision in the law for Councils to have seats for graduates and teachers. The advantages of having a bicameral legislature are well-known. An Upper House provides a forum for academicians and intellectuals, who are arguably not suited for the rough and tumble of electoral politics At least on paper, it provides a mechanism for a more sober and considered appraisal of legislation that a State may pass. The obiections to the second chamber are varied. Rather than fulfilling the lofty objective of getting intellectuals into the legislature, the forum is likely to be used to accommodate party functionaries who fail to get elected UBHODEEP


  11. UBHODEEP