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13th August - The Hindu Editorial - Part-2(in Hindi)
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Subhodeep Das
Dream of Achieving Big l YouTube & Facebook : Subhodeep

Unacademy user
what is the exact meaning of 'political affairs' & 'commercial affaris'
sir editorial me add kr diya karo ye editorial kis gs paper se related hai bcs I'm a beginner
vry nice editorial and very well explained..thank you sir
sir what is pluralism and inclusiveness?

  2. Geography NCERT Geography NCERT The Earth: Our Habitat MAINS ANSWER WRITING Our Environment For IAS / UPSC Class-7 Class 6 By Subhodeep Das By Subhodeep Das By Subhodeep Das (Hindi) NCERT Geography -Class7 (Hindi) NCERT Geography - Class 6 (Hindi) GS Answer Writing Practice for UPSC and IAS.. Specturm Beek World Straits Geography Optiona HUMAN GEOGRAPHY Chapter 2 argrted Students UPSC/IAS State PCS MODERN INDIA Models, Theories and Laws UPSC /I 5sc State in Human Geography By Subhodeep Das By Subhodeep Das (Hindi) Major Straits of World By Subhodeep Das Religious & Social Reform Movements Modern Indian History... (Hindi) Models, Theories and Laws in Human Geography UBHODEEP


  4. ndoing a legacy of injustice Undoing a legacy of injustice inexorable wheels of justice The Delhi High Court order striking down the Begging Act heeds the Constitution's transformative nature S. UBHODEEP

  5. Independence brought with it many changes, but also much continuity. Despite the birth of a Constitution that promised liberty, equality, fraternity, and dignity to all, independent India's rulers continued to replicate colonial logic in framing laws for the new republic. They continued to treat individuals as subjects to be controlled and administered, rather than rights-bearing citizens One of the most glaring examples of this is the Bombay Prevention of Begging Act. The Begging Act was passed in 1959 by the State of Bombay, and has continued to exist in as many as 20 States and two Union Territories But last week, in a remarkable, landmark and long overdue judgment, the Delhi High Court struck it down as inconsistent with the Constitution UBHODEEP

  6. Historical Evidence In 1871, the colonial regime passed the notorious Criminal Tribes Act. This law was based upon the racist British belief that in India there were entire groups and communities that were criminal by birth, nature, and occupation. The Act unleashed a reign of terror, with its systems of surveillance, police reporting, the separation of families, detention camps, and forced labour. More then six decades after independent India repealed the Act, the "denotified tribes" continue to suffer from stigma and systemic disadvantage. S. UBHODEEP

  7. Through laws such as the Criminal Tribes Act, and other legal weapons such as vagrancy laws, the regime attempted to destroy these patterns of life, by using criminal laws to coerce communities into settlements and subjecting them to forced labour What does the Begging Act do? It criminalises begging It gives the police the power to arrest individuals without a warrant. It gives magistrates the power to commit them to a "certified institution" (read: a detention centre) for up to three years on the commission of the first "offence, and up to 10 years upon the second "offence" UBHODEEP

  8. The Act also authorises the detention of people "dependant" upon the "beggar" separation of children over the age of five. Certified institutions have absolute power over detainees, including the power of punishment, and the power to exact "manual work". Disobeying the rules of the institution can land an individual in jail Act defines it to include "soliciting or receiving alms, in a public place whether or not under any pretence such as singing, dancing, fortune telling, performing or offering any article for sale" fortune telng. performing orar S. UBHODEEP

  9. Not only do these vague definitions give unchecked power to the police to harass citizens but they also reveal the prejudices underlying the law. The pointed reference to "singing, dancing, fortune telling, performing or offering any article for sale" makes it clear that the purpose of the Act is not simply to criminalise the act of begging (as commonly understood), but to target groups and communities whose itinerant patterns of life do not fit within mainstream stereotypes of the sedentary, law-abiding citizen with a settled job punishes people for the crime of looking poor but it also reflects the lawmakers' desire to erase from public spaces people who look or act differently, and whose presence is perceived to be a bother and a nuisance UBHODEEP

  10. Like the poorhouses of 19th century Europe, it is based on a philosophy of first criminalising poverty, and then making it invisible by physically removing "offenders" from public spaces keeping them away from accessing spaces reserved for the use of "respectable" citizens For these people, the constitutional guarantees of pluralism and inclusiveness do not exist The authorities have not hesitated to use the Begging Act as a weapon Just before the 2010 Commonwealth Games, the Delhi government was engaged in combing operations to take beggars off the street S. UBHODEEP

  11. The High Court noted, however, that the definition of begging under the Act made no such distinction, and was therefore entirely arbitrary. More importantly, it also held that under Article 21 of the Constitution, it was the state's responsibility to provide the basic necessities for survival food, clothing, shelter to all its citizens Poverty was the result of the state's inabilityor unwillingness -to discharge these obligations. Therefore, the state could not turn around and criminalise the most visible and public manifestation of its own failures and indeed, penalise people who were doing nothing more than communicating the reality of their situation to the public. UBHODEEP