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25th August - The Hindu Editorial - Part-2(in Hindi)
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Subhodeep Das
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  2. Hold out an olive branch The Indian Express Government today again holds upper hand vis a vis Naxals. It's the best time to make peace UBHODEEP

  3. The Home Minister of India recently claimed that the challenge of Naxalism in the country is on its "last legs" His assessment stems from the fact that the security forces have been achieving signal successes against the Maoists Fifteen Maoists were killed in an encounter in the Konta area of Sukma district in Chhattisgarh on August 6. According to the South Asia Terrorism Portal, at least 122 Maoists have been killed across the country in the first six months of 2018 This is the highest number of fatalities suffered by Maoists over the same period during the last eight years. UBHODEEP

  4. It is also a fact that the total area affected by Naxalism has shrunk to 90 districts of the country The trajectory of Maoist violence has been showing a downward trend. A number of central committee and politburo members have been neutralised. The government of India's National Policy and Action Plan, with its emphasis on security and development, is definitely making an impact. Apart from the construction of roads, mobile towers, setting up of banks, post offices, Kendriya Vidyalayas, etc, the most significant achievement has been in poverty reduction. UBHODEEP

  5. A recent study published in a Brookings blog says that by 2022, less than 3 per cent of Indians will be poor and that extreme poverty could be eliminated altogether by 2030 The formation of the People's War Group in Andhra Pradesh in 1980, however, marked the revival of the movement and the beginning of its second phase. It soon spread to the adjoining states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa and extended to Bihar, West Bengal, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Naxal violence touched a peak in 1991. The movement was again hit hard by coordinated operations undertaken by the security forces in the affected states UBHODEEP

  6. The third phase of the movement began when the left-wing extremists decided, on December 2, 2000, to set up a People's Guerilla Army. Later - formation of the CPI (Maoist) consolidated the left-wing extremists and augmented their strength. Maoist groups had pockets of influence in 20 states across the country and 223 districts in these states The government today again holds the upper hand. However, the fact remains that the basic problems which gave rise to the Naxal problem continue to haunt us S. UBHODEEP

  7. It was rightly pointed out by the Expert Group of the Planning Commission back in 2008 that "the development paradigm pursued since Independence has aggravated the prevailing discontent among marginalised sections of society" because "the benefits of this paradigm have been disproportionately cornered by the dominant section at the expense of the poor, who have borne most of the costs" according to the World Inequality Report, 22 per cent of India's national income is cornered by the top one per cent. UBHODEEP

  8. The government of India has two options before it. One, that it goes ahead and crushes the Maoist movement. The possibility, in that case, is that the movement would resurrect again, maybe in a new avtar, which could be even more lethal and devastating than what we have seen so far. The other option is to offer the olive branch to the Maoist leaders and carry out sincere measures to redress grievances, particularly those relating to tribals. Any offer of peace from a position of strength is always credible and has greater chance of success UBHODEEP

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