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9th June 2018 Part-2: Daily News Analysis
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Wuhan Summit; Uranium level in Rajasthan water

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

Unacademy user
Nice explain ,thnxx
Rachana Twinkle
a year ago
Thank you :)
Source of nitrate pollution - nitrate leaching from septic tank, use of nitrate-rich fertilizers in turf grass cultivation. Reason of human made ground water depletion- excessive extraction for agricultural, industrial and domestic use, poor facilities to recharge aquifers Thank you so much for the analysis.
nirates= inorganic compound made of nitrogen and oxgen they are used as preservatives, in producing fertilizers etc how they are produced= nitrosomonas bacteria removes ammonia ro produce nitrite and then nitrobacter bacteria removes nitrite to produce nitrate
sources of nitrate- runoff or seepage from fertilized agricultural lands, municipal and industrialwaste water, refuse dumps, animal feedlots, septic tanks and private sewage disposal systems, urban drainage and decaying plant debris.
sources of nitrate- runoff or seepage from fertilized agricultural lands, municipal and industrialwaste water, refuse dumps, animal feedlots, septic tanks and private sewage disposal systems, urban drainage and decaying plant debris.
sources of nitrate- runoff or seepage from fertilized agricultural lands, municipal and industrialwaste water, refuse dumps, animal feedlots, septic tanks and private sewage disposal systems, urban drainage and decaying plant debris.
  1. want to te starting Page-1: PM likely to take the spirit of Wuhan to Oingdao. it th Prime Minister Narendra Modi will participate in a two-day summit of the eight-nation Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) at the weekend, riding on the bonhomie generated by the Wuhan informal summit with Chinese President Xi Jinping, and an extended one-on-one dialogue with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Sochi. reThe official said that Mr. Modi's talks in Sochi with President Putin were also "highly important." Russia, China and India were likely to emerge as the core of the SCo, after New Delhi and Islamabad joined the grouping last year, and would be participating as full SCO members for the first time in Qingdao. But it was also imperative that the importance of the four Central Asian Republics Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan- were not undermined in the expanded SCO.India's ambassador to China Gautam Bambawale elaborated on the importance of the Wuhan summit. i k h ent ksa

  2. He said, "As a result of their discussions in Wuhan, the two leaders have arrived at the first and most important consensus which is that India and China are partners in progress and economic development. The second most important consensus is that there are many more commonalities than differences. Of course, there are some differences but we will also work at the differences tre to ensure that the two countries will continue to progress together." Trump's doctrine gives important subtext to Wuhan meet Analysts point out that the "America first" doctrine of United States President Donald Trump, which was getting translated into rising protectionism and threat of trade wars, had provided an important subtext to the Wuhan summit In his interview, Mr. Bambawale was emphatic that the SCO summit would reject anti- globalisation and pursuit of "unilateralism." One of the important points that will come out is that unilateralism is not necessary in today's world. Multilateralism, learning to live with each other, is the important message, which will come from Qingdao. He stressed that India fully backed the "Shanghai spirit," of inclusivity and collaboration, despite differences in political systems among the member states. k h ent . un . ksa

  3. want te be starti . The Shanghai spirit is very important And the Shanghai spirit stands for at th [i] multipolarity, for countries with different systems to live together; [iilto have peaceful coexistence and we believe that the message that will come out of the Qingdao summit is that important big countries that are members of the SCO can peacefully coexist despite differences in their systems, and that they can work re he together. RATS to counter terror: Counterterrorism has been a forte of the SCO, which had established the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS), as a permanent institution in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. With the growing threat from Islamic State (IS), RATS was expected to play an increasingly important counter-terrorism role in the future. Between 2013-2017, RATS has become the nucleus of a counter-terrorism drive, which helped thwart over 600 terror plots, and eliminate more than 500 training bases . ea. k h ent . The Qingdao summit was expected to approve a three-year counter-terrorism plan, which would be tuned with the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strate He said that in Qingdao, the participating heads would work out an understanding on better managing the vast mineral resources of the SCO members, in tune with the grouping's expanding focus on the collective economic development. With the addition of the India and Pakistan in its ranks, the Qingdao summit "will usher in a new stage of ksa the SCO's development," and highlight the grouping's "growing role and importance in global affairs."

  4. anted to show the boss whatcE s bnat th Prelims Oriented Facts The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), or Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and security organisation, the creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders y hav p of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan; leg The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter was signed in June 2002 and entered reve : slay into force on 19 September 2003. . These countries, except for Uzbekistan, had been members of the Shanghai Five group, founded on 26 April 1996 in Shanghai. India and Pakistan joined SCO as full members on 9 June 2017 at a summit in Astana, Kazakhstan. It is the largest regional organisation in the world in terms of geographical coverage and population, and is one of the world's most powerful organisations. or us hink h cause h erent a pu . rk and

  5. anted to show the boss whatcE bat th pho Russia reve he H Kazakhstarn Uzbekistan Mongolia or us hink h cause h Kyrgyzstan Iran Tajikistarn a pu China Pakistan rk and India

  6. want to te starting O Page-7: Jaguar develops snag while landing .Within 72 hours of the Indian Air Force losing one of its senior most active pilots in a Jaguar at th crash, another Jaguar fighter met with an accident on Friday morning. "The aircraft sustained minor damages with no injuries to the pilot after he ejected safely," According to Air Force officials, the aircraft was on a routine training mission from Jamnagar and developed a snag when it was in the landing phase. Friday's accident occurred within 72 hours of the death of Air Commodore, Air Officer Commanding, Jamnagar Air Force station, when his Jaguar fighter crashed on June 5 over the Kutch area of Gujarat. 2 tv . The IAF has a fleet of about 120 Jaguar deep penetration strike fighters they also carry e an k h ent nuclear weapons which are being upgraded with new avionics and sensors to keep them flying for another two decades. Plan ahead: A long pending proposal to get a new, more powerful engine on the jets is in its final stages. The Jaguars are expected to remain in service till 2025-30. In a July 2017 report presented in Parliament, the Comptrollerand Auditor General (CAG) observed that some Jaguars were still flying without auto-pilot, 20 years after the project was conceived. un stay ksa that

  7. want to be starting ganses, beiag anted to show the boss whatcE s bnat th 4 decades Period the Scarv fighters No. of Jaguar crashes from Jaguar fighters FY 2012-2016 have been in fighters service (total 28 crashes) Jaguar is a phetwin-engine, deep he g fighter. There have penetration strike reve been two accidents nvolving the aircraft this week. While one developed a snag while landing in Jamnagar, the other component of the Jaguar fighter which crashed on June 5 or us hink h cause h erent took off from the same base and later crashed IAF is in the process of upgrading its Jaguars 059 a pur .The upgraded Jaguars will remain in service tll 2025-30 rk and t sta IAF crashes (2018) June 8: Jaguar develops snag during landing at Jamnagar. Pilot ejects safely June 5: Jaguar crashes after taking off from Jamnagar. Air Commodore Sanjai Chauhan killed March 20: Hawk Advanced Jet trainer crashes in Odisha. Pilot ejects safely Feb 15: Micro light aircraft crashes in Jorhat, Assam. Both the pilots on board killed ch week t esthat

  8. anted to show the boss whatcE imp s bnat th y hav pho reve he g layer or us hink h cause h a pu rk and

  9. Page-7: SC wants panel to monitor shrines. The Supreme Court directed the Centre to form an independent committee to review whether the "management practices" of shrines across the country are visitor-friendly. at th It also ordered a judicial enquiry into allegations of rampant fleecing and exploitation of worshippers by staffers and sevaks at the Puri Jagannath Temple in Odisha The court told the Centre that it wanted the panel to "collect information" on shrines across the hecountry so that their management practices could be reviewed for the "benefit of all visitors There is no doubt that proper management of pilgrimage centres of great importance is a matter of public interest. These centres are of undoubted religious, social, historical and architectural importance, representing the cultural heritage of our country," the court's Vacation Bench e an k h ent Puri temple: As for the Puri Temple, the SC ordered the Odisha government to constitute a committee to study the "management schemes" of various other important shrines and suggest changes. It must file an interim report by June 30. The court ordered a review of the CCTV cameras. If required, more could be installed to cover blind spots. The footage would be viewed by an independent committee and it should report to the District Judge once a month . ksa

  10. Page-7 Nation: 'Uranium contamination in Rajasthan groundwater' Many parts of Rajasthan may have high uranium levels in their groundwater, according to a study by researchers at the Duke University in North Carolina, United States, and the Central Groundwater Board of India. at th .The main source of uranium contamination was "natural," but human factors such as re groundwater table decline and nitrate pollution could be worsening the problem he.Nearly a third of all water wells we tested in one State, Rajasthan, contained uranium levels that exceed the World Health Organization (WHO) and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) safe drinking water standards," said Avner Vengosh, a professor of geochemistry and water quality * at Duke's Nicholas School of the Environment, in a press statement. By analysing previous water quality studies, we also identified aquifers contaminated with similarly high levels of uranium in 26 other districts in north-western India and nine districts in southern or south-eastern India. While previous studies have referred to high uranium levels in some districts of India, this analysis gave a bird's eye view into the extent of such contamination. The WHO has set a provisional safe drinking water standard of 30 micrograms of uranium per litre, a level that is consistent with the U.S. EPA standards. pe ar nk h pur lock e t stay . Despite this, uranium is not yet included in the list of contaminants monitored under the Bureau of Indian Standards' Drinking Water Specifications.

  11. want to be starting ganses, beiag s bnat th Unsafe acquifers Sixteen States show a high prevalence of uranium concentrations above the WHO provisional guideline value (30ug/L) India has no standards for uranium levels in groundwater There have been reports of high levels Places where Uranium exceeds drinking water guidelines in some wells pl he reve of uranium in Andhra Pradesh Over-pumping of groundwater causes a decline in water levels or us hink h cause h This induces oxidation conditions that enhance uranium enrichment in shallow groundwater a pu source Large-Scale Uranium Contamination.... Rachel M. Coyte et al. rk and t sta ch esthat

  12. want te be starti Page-10: U.S. wants India out of S-400 deal th The United States is trying to discourage India from buying large defence systems from Russia, an action that may attract sanctions, according to a senior official of the State Department. Countering America's Adversaries through Sanction Act (CAATSA), a 2017 law, requires that countries that have significant defence cooperation with Russia be sanctioned by America. 2 . India is planning to buy five S-400 Triumf air defence systems for around S4.5 billion from Russia. Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs of U.S., who returned from India recently, said: "We've discussed CAATSA with the Govt of India just as we have discussed it with a number of others who might be potentially contemplating purchases of large defence systems from the Russians. We want to work with all of our partners to help them identify and avoid engaging in any potentially sanctionable activity The Donald Trump administration has publicly expressed its desire to protect India from CAATSA, m considering the U.S.-India strategic ties. . .Defence Secretary James Mattis and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo have urged lawmakers to make ay changes in the law so that partners like India are not punished. But efforts in this direction are being strongly resisted by Democratic lawmakers who want to put the administration on the mat on Russia relations.

  13. PM Modi's concept bat th In an interview to the Russian TASS news agency-made available by the Indian Embassy Mr. Saran said, The Quadrilateral format of U.S.-Japan-lndia-Australia is one of the many multilateral y hav phe dialogues in the region, and not directed against any country. It is not part of the Indo- eg Pacific region concept outlined by Prime Minister Modi in Shangri La. reve It is important that the Indo-Pacific Region (IPR) and Quad format are not confused with each other. The Indian view of IPR is positive this is an open and inclusive arrangement, which is not directed against any country nor intended to contain any country," he added, referring to the general belief that the Quad arrangement came together in November 2017 in an effort to contain China's aggressive actions in the South China Sea, and forays in India's neighbourhood. slay . ope an or us hink h causel erent a pur However, given improved relations with China in the last few months, and the Wuhan t sta Summit, where Prime Minister Narendra Modi travelled to China for an informal meeting with President Xi Jinping, the government has been seen as less active in promoting the Quad, also declining a requestfrom Australia to join the ongoing Malabar naval exercises with the other three Quad members. ich that

  14. want te be starti . Shangri La: June 1.2018 at th PM Modi rebalanced India's relations with the US, Russia and China. In sum, India will not identify with the American containment strategies against Russia and China; nor wl India get entangled in the big-power rivalries in regional politics. India eschews any bloc mentality. Modi acknowledged India's affinities in terms of its values, but rejected the America First doctrine of the US administration and stated India's commitment to globalisation and free re he trade Modi reserved some stunning remarks regarding the concept Indo-Pacific. For a start, Modi hewed the American mantra of "free and open Indo-Pacific" of its rough edges and chose to call it an "open, stable and prosperous Indo-Pacific." Incredibly enough, Modi called Indo-Pacific a "natura region"-a "geographical definition". He never once mentioned the "Quad" and, instead, stressed inclusiveness and openness in regional processes nk h . He underscored India's faith in regionalism and multilateralism and clarified that "our friendships pun are not alliances of containment". Modi cautioned against an "Asia of rivalry" and any attempts "forcing new divisions" in the region. All in all, India attributes centrality to the ASEAN in its Indo-Pacific strategy and Act East policies, locke t stay .

  15. Page-12 World News: Trump calls for Russia to be readmitted into the G7 bloc 0 Donald Trump made a shock call on Friday for Russia to be readmitted into the G7 as he headed for a showdown with America's closest allies at a summit set to be dominated by a roilingtrade dispute. Mr. Trump was to be the last Group of Seven leader to arrive in Canada for the two-day he summit, and on Saturday, he will probably be the first to leave, in a hurry to move on to his nuclear summit with North Korea's Kim Jong-un in Singapore. But battle-lines were drawn even before he arrived, in a series of duellingtweets and statements between Mr. Trump and his former friend President Emmanuel Macron of France over Washington's imposition of tariffs on imports from U.S. allies. And Mr. Trump caused more eyebrows to be raised by tellingreporters that he wanted Russia-which was expelled from the group of the world's most industrialised nationsn after annexing Crimea to be brought back into the fold "They threw Russia out. They should let Russia come back" 7 0 . 2 They threw Russia out. They should let Russia come back in because we should have Russia at the negotiating table," he said before boarding Air Force One.

  16. want to be starting ganses, beiag anted to show the boss whatcE bhat th With unmistakable symbolism, the fractious Western democracies were meeting on the same day that China's President Xi Jinping welcomed his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin to Beijing and awarded him a friendship medal Three decades after the end of the Cold War, the G7 nations are split over trade, climate and y hav phe multilateral engagements such as the Iran nuclear deal, and the U.S. President seems more at home with autocrats than with Washington's traditional allies reve The 'America First' President's broadsides before leaving Washington reinforced predictions that the G7 summit in Quebec might be the first such get-together to end without an agreed joint statement. "All of these countries have been taking advantage of the United States on trade," he said before flying out. layer or us hink h cause h erent a pu rk and t sta

  17. want te be starti .In 2015, Mr. Nasheed was sentenced to 13 years in jail following conviction on a terrorism charges that critics of President Yameen termed politically motivated. Mr. Nasheed has since been in exile, mostly in London and now in Colombo, and is reaching out to potential supporters in the island nation via Skype. .While the UN Human Rights Council, in April, urged authorities in Male to allow convicted p Opposition leaders to contest elections, President Yameen has ignored the call, in an apparent he attempt to retain power without a contest. A coalition of Opposition forces earlier vowed to rew challenge Mr. Yameen, but that might not resolve the problem, according to Mr. Nasheed. He accused the Election Commission of being "hopelessly politicised", a charge that government authorities have denied in the past. e an k h ent The announcement on election comes months after the Maldives experienced political unrest, sparked by a shock Supreme Court ruling in February, which overturned criminal convictions of nine dissident leaders, including Mr. Nasheed. . Soon after, President Yameen imposed a 45-day Emergency, jailed the Chief Justice and another judge, as well as former President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom. The other judges overturned the Supreme Court's February order, in effect leaving the political situation back at square one ksa by

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  19. anted to show the boss whatcE Advance rulin s bnat th The Joint Secretary also touched upon the issue of advance ruling, acknowledging the problems being caused by disparate and often, contradictory rulings by different States on the same issues. y hav phHe said a policy decision was likely to be taken on setting up a centralised advance he ruling authority rather than leaving the redressal to State authorities. reve slay Separately, Minister of State for Finance reportedly said the next Council meeting would also look into further rationalisation of tax rates. or us hink h cause h erent a pu rk and

  20. want to be starting ganses, beiag anted to show the boss whatcE s bnat th Page 13 Business: 'FDI rose to S61.96 billion in 2017-18 . Foreign direct investment (FDI) in India increased by about 3% to $61.96 billion in 2017- 18 on account of steps taken by the government to improve business climate and liberalised policy norms. y hav pheFDI inflows stood at $60 billion in the previous fiscal. The figure includes equity inflows, he reinvested earnings and other capital. reve layer Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) Secretary Ramesh Abhishek said during the four years of the NDA government, foreign inflows jumped to $222.75 billion from $152 billion in the previous four-year period. In the last four years, the government has liberalised FDI norms in sectors such as defence, medical devices, construction development, retail and aviation. . or us hink h cause h erent a pu rk and

  21. .dI 8196 11:56 Thank you Jatin Verma 155k Followers Follow Ratings & Reviews Roman Saini A great course by Jatin Verma where he has literally covered all the important news from The Hindu. Must watch. Mohit Rai If i achieve my aim, my first salary will go to this great individual making this great informative and well-researched videos. I should take this opportunity to thanlk and congratulate him for the wonderful work he is doing for all the aspirants. He is meticulous and almost perfect in his approach and understanding. Please keep making such videos as a single 26k Enrollments Enroll