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19th June 2018 Part-3: Daily News Analysis
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Hodeidah port in Yemen explained

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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Humlog thik hai aap kaise hai maddam
Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals. In computer science AI research is defined as the study of "intelligent agents": any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of successfully achieving its goals. Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence in the field of computer science that often uses statistical techniques to give computers the ability to "learn" (i.e., progressively improve performance on a specific task) with data, without being explicitly programmed. Geospatial technology refers to all of the technology used to acquire, manipulate, and store geographic information. GIS, GPS, remote sensing, and geofencing are examples of geospatialtechnology. Geospatial analysis is the gathering, display, and manipulation of imagery, GPS, satellite photography and historical data, described explicitly in terms of geographic coordinates or implicitly, in terms of a street address, postal code, or forest stand identifier as they are applied to geographic models.
gahirmatha beach -separate bhitarkanika mangrove from bay oy bengal rushikula coast-odisha in chilika lake kandharmal$ganjam dist
tributaries of rashikula river :- Ghoda Hada & Bara rivers
  1. want teo he starting -to Page 7 Nation: Paper setters to receive training .The National Testing Agency, which is being set up to relieve the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) of the burden of conducting multiple examinations, will also train paper setters to set better question papers and provide better model answers. There is no system for paper-setter training till now; HRD ministry will introduce it as part of the National Testing Agency's mandate . t" NTA to conduct exams: The agency's mandate as envisaged by the Ministry of Human Resource Development is to put in place a robust system for the conduct of examinations The National Testing Agency is expected to conduct some of the examinations that the CBSE has been conducting till now Eventually, the new body will take over all examinations from the CBSE, except the 10th and 12th nt board examinations Among the examinations that will be transferred to the NTA are the prestigious Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) for admission to engineering colleges like the IITs and NITs and the National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET) for admission to all medical colleges in the country, except AlIMS and JIPMER, Puducherry LI nd .The creation of NTA was approved by the Union Cabinet chaired by the PM in November 2 After a one-time grant of 25 crore to the NTA, it is supposed to become financially self- sustainable


  2. want teo he starting Page 7 Nation: Flood warning: govt. teams up with Google[GSM-3: Technology & Disaster Mgtl at thh With the monsoon under way, Union Water Resources Ministry has teamed up with Google to If there are signs of an imminent flood, a Google Maps user will be able to see what regions are PCurrently, the Central Water Commission (CWC) warns of floods based on the rising water generate flood warnings. likely to see water logging first and if their neighbourhood is under threat. re helevels in reservoirs and if these are nearing a dam's 'danger marks.' Last year, it began a trial programme to give 3-day flood forecasts. The India Meteorological Department now provides inputs to the CWC on whether heavy rainfall is likely and if this could translate into large amounts of rain water overflowing from river banks or catchments. Provide visul alisation e ar ent .Google will provide a visualisation Via Google Maps, we will now be able to see water levels build u up in a region CWC and Google will share technical expertise in the fields of artificial intelligence, machine learning, geospatial mapping and analysis of hydrological observation data to improve flood prediction systems, provide location-targeted, actionable flood warnings and Google Earth Engine will help to visualise and improve flood management and initiate a cultural project to build online exhibitions on the "Rivers of India". tis


  3. want teo he starting Page 7 Nation: Flood warning: govt. teams up with Google (contd.) Free of cost . An experimental version of the exercise will likely begin this monsoon and will be offered "free of cost" as part of the company's "Corporate Social Responsibility." The collaborative arrangement is likely to result in savings of crores of rupees. e ar k h that


  4. want teo he starting Page 7 Nation: Visva-Bharati to set up yoga village at thh Visva-Bharati University (VBU), founded by Rabindranath Tagore, will set up a yoga centre inside the campus, named yoga gram (village). The centre is aimed at increasing awareness about yoga. The campus at Santiniketan will have several single-storied buildings, termed as kuthis (cottages) re dedicated to different techniques of yoga. The cottages will be built inside a mango grove. he.Each cottage will have a library and an audio-visual facility dedicated to different techniques of yoga, along with large halls for practising yoga The VBU authorities were also planning to grow garden plants used in Ayurvedic medicine on the campus VBU have received R5 crore from the Ministry of Human Resource Development for setting up the yoga kuthis which is the first phase of the yoga gram project. Construction will begin within two to three months. e ar k h ent tis that


  5. want teo he starting LT at thh Page 10 News: Anti-terror ops resume in Kashmir |GSM-3: Securit . The Chief of the Army Staff, landed in Kashmir to review the security situation, a day after the Union government called off the month-long ceasefire. As full-fledged operations resumed, Army sources said that they expected progress in the coming davs as information started flowing in. re he.Now information will start flowing in as people are available. Police will also start getting inputs. Army is expecting good operations in the coming days Sacrifice not in vain' . The Chief of the Army Staff visited the valley and forward areas, and also visited slain rifleman's e ar k h ent ,village. Union Home Minister announced that the government had decided not to extend the suspension ofBU operations in J&K and operations against terrorists would resume . The ceasefire was announced for a month from May 17 to coincide with the holy month of Ramzan. One of the first operations since the ceasefire was called off was in Bandipora district. The Army had started an operation in the area on June 9 but had suspended it subsequently. Two terrorists were killed in the operation. tis that en thec


  6. want teo he starting New operation at thh Another cordon and search operation was launched in Bijbehara The suspension of operations in the Valley had led to free movement of terrorists and helped them consolidate. The information channels of the security forces had not been affected too much as the duration of the ceasefire was relatively short he. The intelligence-specific operations are expected to go up in the coming days as the Amarnath Yatra season approached. Additional forces are already in place as part of the security review to secure the vatra route. e ar k h ent tis that en thec


  7. want teo he starting Pase 11 News: Arab sroup wanits India on an nestrntegie Yemeni port of Hodeidah will be at thh The Arab coalition which is fighting to secure the strategic Yemeni port of Hodeidah will be reaching out to India for its support. A formal discussion regarding this would be held during the visit of the Foreign Minister of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) . eThe Ambassador of the UAE to India, said the operation at Hodeidah would secure the energy lanes he of India with the Gulf, and that the Arab coalition had sourced large quantity of relief material from India to help the Yemeni population The operation at Hodeidah is ongoing and its main target is to fight terrorism that is a common enemy of both India and the UAE. The operation will force the rebels in Yemen to sit down for a negotiated settlement of the conflict that has caused a major humanitarian disaster in Yemen. e ar k h . Final phase .The military campaign on the port of Hodeidah is reportedly in the final phase as the Houthi militia . members are retreating, The UN Security Council voted against an immediate end to hostilities in the port, even as India has maintained a studied silence on the conflict. The envoy's request for support from India, for the Arab coalition's Yemen campaign has added a broader context to the upcoming visit by the Foreign Minister and leading royal of the UAE tis


  8. want teo he starting The Ambassador pointed out that the UAE was not yet offering a military role to India in the at thh ongoing operatiorn India can help by extending diplomatic support to the Hodeidah operation on the international platforms. The campaign is in accordance with the resolutions of the UN and invitation from the legitimate government of Yemen. Context: Yemen's port of Hodeidah was under the control of the Houthi rebels who are hebelieved to be drawing support from Iran. The Arab coalition, led by Saudi Arabia and the UAE, claims that the Iranian military has used the port to supply the Houthis with weapons and ammunition Houthis have been supporting pirates in the western Indian Ocean region The campaign will ultimately help Indian maritime goals as the Houthis used the port for facilitating the piracy network in the western Indian Ocean region that is vital for India's energy security The Arab coalition has already sent a large amount of relief material, including rice and food parcels sourced from India, and that the countries remains open to allowing it a broader role in resolving the regional conflict. India's diplomatic support solicited: The Arab coalition also includes non-Arab partners and we have remained open to granting a role to India to support in diplomacy for peace in the Gulf. . e ar k h ent . tis


  9. LT at thh Houthi and Al-Qaeda areas: 1 April 2015 Yemen Houthi Intermational boundary SAUDI ARABIA Control or influence Presence or probable presence Salayyil Ralroad Road SAUDI ARABIA 50 100 150 Kit Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula OMAN re he Areas of operation Red Sea YEMEN e ar Sanaa k h Hudaydah Arabian Sea Red Seaid Dhamar pun 00 km 50miles ETHIOPA Taiz Gulf of Aden Gulf of Aden Aden ogle SOMALIA ee Source: American Enterprise Institule, News reports Bone 801666 54441 tis that


  10. want teo he starting Page 11 News: Road map laid for India-U.S. meet at thh Indian and U.S. experts began a three-day consultations to find meeting points in bilateral relations in preparation for the first-ever meeting of the Ministers for External Affairs and Defence with their U.S. counterparts next month. Two plus Two discussions: The July meeting in Washington DC between Indian Ministers and e their U.S. counterparts, called the two-plus-two discussions, is expected to further cement the India- he U.S. engagements The key focus areas of the meeting is finding a breakthrough in concluding the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA), one of the four foundational agreements that helps the U.S. to intensify its defence cooperation with a partner nation. . e ar k h ent Indications emerging from the U.S. side is that they are keen to stress the importance given to India The U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM) was recently renamed Indo-Pacific Command .Apart from the foundational agreements, the U.S. is also keen on a broad based intelligence- in its Indo-Pacific strategy (INDOPACOM), symbolic of the significance U.S. attaches to India in the region. sharing agreement with India as the two countries have vastly expanded their c cooperation In this context, the fourth foundational agreement, Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement ounter-terror for Geo-spatial Cooperation (BECA), will be significant. tis


  11. want teo he starting Page 11 News: Road map laid for India-U.S. meet (contd. at thh COMCASA and BECA are the two foundational agreements that India is yet to sign. It has already: signed the General Security Of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA) and the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA). The most significant of them is LEMOA, which gives both nations access to each other's military facilities. But it does not make it automatic or obligatory he. The U.S. has been engaging India since 2002 on the foundational agreements, but successive governments have been wary of giving in to the U.S. demands. Sale of drones e ar The COMCASA will facilitate transfer of encrypted communications systems. The agreements are a key requirement by Washington for sharing high-tech military hardware, especially armed drones which the U.S. is willing to supply to India. . Sale of armed drones is high on the agenda of the 2+2 dialogue. .New Delhi has shed its traditional reluctance and has been open to COMCASA, with both sides holding several rounds of discussions in recent times. There have been widespread expectations that a broad understanding could be reached ahead of the 2+2 dialogue. However, India had concerns on some of the clauses and the language, which both sides would attempt to address in the discussions. tis


  12. want teo he starting LT 3 As part of improving high tech cooperation, India and the U.S. announced the ambitious Defence t Technology and Trade Initiative and India was designated a major defence partner. But it has not made any progress he e ar k h that en thec


  13. Page 11 News: Mallya diverted 3,700 cr. to F1, IPL The Enforcement Directorate charged liquor baron Vijay Mallya and his two firms for fraudulently "diverting" over 3,700 crore from bank loan funds to a UK-based Fl motorsport firm, a T20 IPL team, and towards private jet sorties. The ED's fresh chargesheet against Mr. Mallya and his firms is likely to pave the way for him to be declared a "fugitive" under the recently promulgated Fugitive Economic Offenders Ordinance. . The agency named Mr. Mallya and his firms - Kingfisher Airlines Limited (KAL) and United Breweries (United Breweries Holdings Limited) in its voluminous prosecution complaint filed before a special Mumbai court under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act. . The chargesheet revolves around a complaint received from the State Bank of India on behalf ofa consortium of banks against Mr. Mallya for causing a loss of 6,027 crore by not repaying loans taken during 2005-10 False declaration The ED chargesheet said KAL made payments of 30,348,452.25 (over 254 crore) to UK-based Force India Formula One Team Limited (FIF1TL) and Mallya "surreptitiously transferred funds of the firm giving a false purpose of remittance and thus diverted the funds (loan amount)." On the T-20 cricket Indian Premier League team, the agency said the Bengaluru franchise of this sporting extravaganza (named Royal Challengers) was purchased by Mallya and "loan amount of . 5.90 crore was siphoned of and diverted from the bank acount of KAL, held with Deutsche Bank, to Royal Challengers Sports Pvt Ltd, Bengaluru."


  14. want teo he starting at thh Page 12 World: Singapore financier acted as a conduit for U.S.-N. Korea talks An American financier approached government with an unusual proposition: The North Korean government wanted to talk to the President's son-in-law and senior adviser. Top North Korean official was seeking a back channel to explore a meeting between US President p and North Korea, who for months had traded threats of military confrontation. re he. Singapore had built a network of contacts in North Korea on trips he had taken to develop business opportunities in the isolated state. Circuitous path For some in North Korea, which has been ruled since its founding by a family dynasty e ar k h ent Mr. Schulze's quiet outreach was but one step in a circuitous path that led to handshake between U.S. and North Korea in Singapore - a path that involved secret meetings among spies, discussions between profit-minded entrepreneurs, and a previously unreported role for Mr. Kushner, according to interviews with current and former American officials and others familiar with the negotiations, In reaching out to the White House, Mr. Schulze was taking advantage of an unusual opening in an administration where matters of policy and business often seem to blur. tis


  15. want teo he starting Page 12 World: Trump defends polic U.S. President said that he would not allow the U.S. to become a "migrant camp" .The U.S. will not be a migrant camp, and it will not be a refugee holding facility. Earlier U.S. President said that people should be wary of what he called the cultural change caused by migrants in Europe. He cited immigration for causing political instability in Germany and said inaccurately that crime in Germany was "way up". "Big mistake made all over Europe in allowing hemillions of people in who have so strongly and violently changed their culture" e ar k h that


  16. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Jaitlev against cut in tax on fuels . Reducing taxes on fuel could push India towards "unmanageable debt" at thh Increased tax compliance could reduce the country's dependence on the revenue earned from taxes on fuel Alluding to former Finance Minister's remark that the government can reduce the tax on petrol by 25 a litre, FM said this was a "trap." heAnother distinguished predecessor of mine had stated that the tax on oil should be cut by 25 per litre. This is a 'trap' suggestion. It is intended to push India into an unmanageable debt. The economy and the markets reward structural reforms, fiscal prudence and macro-economic e ar k h ent stability. Tax compliance is still a problem in India, Mr. Jaitley added, saying better compliance would reduce the dependence on tax collections from petroleum products. The tragedy of the honest taxpayer is that he not only pays his own share of taxes but also has to our compensate for the evader," FM said FM's earnest appeal to political leaders and opinion makers is that the full and complete suggestion would be that evasion in the non-oil tax category must be stopped and, if people pay their taxes honestly, the high dependence on oil products for taxation eventually comes down tis that


  17. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Jaitlev against cut in tax on fuels (contd. States earn more' FM also pointed out that States charged ad valorem taxes on oil, and so, if oil prices rise, the States at th earned more As far as the non-oil taxes are concerned, we are still far from being a tax-complaint society. Salaried employees is one category of tax-compliant assessees. Most other sections still have to he improve their track record. The effort for the next few years has to be to replicate the last four years and improve India's tax-to- GDP ratio by another 1.5% The increase must come from the non-oil segment since there is scope for improvement. On employment, FM said several job-creating sectors such as construction, infrastructure and rural projects had started growing strongly. An analysis of the data released clearly shows that the construction sector is expanding by double our digits. e ar k h ent . It is a job-creating sector. Investment is increasing. Domestic investment is also increasing. The FDI is at an unprecedented level. We are spending huge amounts on infrastructure creation. tis that


  18. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Govt. to set up fifth national data centre . The Centre will set up the country's biggest data centre in Bhopal with a capacity to host five lakh at thh virtual servers The data centre, which will take about two years to come up, will be set up by the National Informatics Centre (NIC), under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MetY) . rEThis will be the fifth National Data Centre after the ones at Bhubaneswar, Delhi, Hyderabad and ePne. These National Data Centres host government websites, services and applications. India's digital ecosystem has got a momentum of its own and this process is going to be irreversible. As far as data privacy is concerned, the data must be protected, and India should become a good centre of data analysis. Any attempt to influence India's elections in a covert or overt manner by abuse of data will not be tolerated. People can campaign on social networking sites, but misuse and abuse of data is not acceptable e ar k h ent .The government planned to expand its BPO promotion scheme to one lakh seats from the "current 48,000 seats." stay .Under the initiative, which had an outlay of 493 crore, 91 BPOs had been set up in small towns and rural areas till novw tis


  19. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: RBI alters 'relative' definition to check outward remittances at thh RBI has introduced a system for daily reporting of individual transactions under the LRS by banks Relatively stricter Funds under the 'close relatives' category can now be sent only to kin such as parents, spouses, children and their spouses. Earlier, the term had multifarious interpretations This enables banks to view he remittances already made by an Outward Maintenance of remittances* close relatives Year individual during the fiscal, thus improving monitoring and FY14 e ar k h ent ensuring compliance. Since the system uses the Permanent Account Number of the remitter to aggregate remitter-wise data, the central bank has made furnishing of PAN mandatory for such transactions 1,093.9 FY151,325.8 FY164,642.6 FY17 8,170.7 FY18 11,333.6 173.9 174.4 1,372.1 2,169.5 2,937.4 ind stay All figures in Smillion Source: RB * Under LRS that


  20. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: GSTN lacuna hits refunds to exporters . West Bengal Finance Minister said that exporters were awaiting refunds to the tune of R25,000 crore, which have been stuck due to the "inability" of the GST Network (GSTN) There have been three lakh applications from exporters of the country, involving which are awaiting refund:s 25,000 crore, re The GSTN auto-verifies refund claims, but it is unable to do so, and therefore, manual verification heis relied upon that leads to huge pile-up of applications and impacts working capital of the exporters, the Minister said. e ar k h ent tis that


  21. LT want teo he starting at thh he e ar k h that en thec


  22. Thank you Jatin Verma 155k Followers Follow Ratings & Reviews Roman Saini A great course by Jatin Verma where he has literally covered all the important news from The Hindu. Must watch. Mohit Rai If i achieve my aim, my first salary will go to this great individual making this great informative and well-researched videos. I should take this opportunity to thanlk and congratulate him for the wonderful work he is doing for all the aspirants. He is meticulous and almost perfect in his approach and understanding. Please keep making such videos as a single 26k Enrollments Enroll