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28th June 2018 Part-2: Daily News Analysis
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Udan scheme explained

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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  1. For PDFs and other UPSC related material Searching for "jatin verma" EDUCATORS Facebook ID: jatinverma0509 FB Group: IAS tayari with Jatin Verma Jatin Verma Mahesh Verma Telegram Channel IAS Tayari with Jatin Verma WYoutube: IAS Tayari with unacademy Jatin Verma


  2. want te be starting sa to Page 11 News: UDAN is transforming lives in Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities at thh Civil Aviation Minister says the scheme has helped connect Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities sooner; had it * The Minister cited the govt's passenger-friendly announcements, the challenges in implementing p The Ministry has proposed a slew of measures through the draft passenger charter such as tee been left to market forces alone, it would have taken years for this to happen. its regional connectivity scheme and the road ahead for Air India he cancellation of tickets in the first 24 hours. However, the ministry believes that this is not going to result in too much fluctuation and volatility as people having genuine need to do it only will do so The govt. has added several new airports through the regional connectivity scheme (UDAN) Currently, there are 32 unserved and underserved airports added to the domestic network. It is transforming lives in Tier-2 and Tier-3 cities. However, there are certain challenges: k h ent . When there are airlines that start from scratch such as Air Odisha and Air Deccan, they have to start from getting planes, putting the crew, getting all the certification and all these take time d that is why they have taken longer to start operations. Additionally, there are helicopter operations under UDAN-2 most of which were awarded to Pawan Hans, which has to get the helicopters and pilots and start the routes stay . There is also tremendous demand to fly to Delhi and Mumbai, which has slot-constraint. tis


  3. to . The process of disinvestment that the govt embarked upon for Air India, didn't yield any interest among private players. However, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs is committed to Air India's disinvestment. As of now, the Air India Specific Alternative Mechanism is evaluating all possible alternatives and the best way to move forward. Appropriate steps will be taken, depending upon the market circumstances and the industry dynamics . p re he The govt, is committed to ensuring that Air India remains very competitive and that it continues to be India's leading long-haul carrier. It will strive to strengthen the airline's management, to improve its operating position and add more destinations. * Zipping through airports with a mere iris or finger scan has undergone trials. It is very close to e ar k h implementation. The govt is in consultation with the UIDAI, to ensure the consistency with respect to privacy. tis that en thec


  4. want te be starting sa UDAN(Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik) is the Government's initiative to make air travel to India's tier II The idea is to put smaller cities and remote regions on the aviation map, by getting domestic airlines to Under the scheme, the Government offers incentives to airlines to flag off new flights to neglected re Arlines are required to bid for exclusive rights to fly on the regional routes opened up under the They must sell a specific number of seats on each flight at a fixed fare of 2500 for one hour of flying. and tier III cities affordable to the aam aadmi. ply more regional routes smaller cities and towns by providing Viability Gap Funding to make these operations profitable. scheme. he In the case of helicopter operations, allowed for the first time now, fares are capped at 2,500 for a 30- minute flight Central Government would provide concessions in the form of reduced excise duty, service tax, - k h ent permission to trade ASKMs for Non-RCS (UDAN) Seats and flexibility of code sharing at the RCS . State govemments will have to lower the VAT on ATF to 1% or less, besides providing security and A Regional Connectivity Fund would be created to meet the viability gap funding requirements under (UDAN) airports. fire services free of cost and electricity, water and other utilities at substantially concessional rates the scheme. The RCF levy per departure will be applied to certain domestic flights se. stay The partner State Governments (other than North Eastern States and Union Territories where contribution will be 10 %) would contribute a 20% share to this fund. tis


  5. to Page 1: U.S. postpones 2+2 dialogue with India i The much anticipated dialogue, between the defence and foreign ministers of India and the US at thh scheduled for July, has been postponed MEA said the message of postponing the talks came from the U.S. Secretary of State, even as p * MEA & U.S. Secretary of State agreed to identify new mutually convenient dates to hold the U.S. 2+2 dialogue with India, were expected to boost bilateral ease of ties in the backdrop of * The high-level dialogue was designed to address bilateral issues following a summit-level meeting Defence Minister and External Affairs Minister meeting with U.S. Secretary of Defence was Trump's ambassador to the UN, met PM Modi. he dialogues at the earliest in India or the US. growing disagreement over the Iran nuclear deal and the brewing tariff war between the two sides. between Trump and PM Modi in 2017. ent previously scheduled for April. However, the latest postponement which is also being considered ur as cancellation by some quarters comes in the backdrop of growing differences between India and the U.S, over the Iran nuclear deal stay Last week, India & France agreed to "maintain" the Iran nuclear deal that allows for global trading with Tehran The latest reports suggest that the U.S. has given a November deadline to Indian and Chinese companies that continue to trade with Iran disregarding U.S. Treasury's sanctions. tis


  6. to Page 1: Centre may scrap University Grants Commission, proposes new regulator at thh * Setting the ball rolling for major reforms in higher education, the Centre has placed in the public domain a draft Bill for a Higher Education Commission of India-aimed at replacing the UGC-for eliciting suggestions from educationists. . The draft Higher Education Commission of India (Repeal of UGC Act) Act, 2018, takes away funding powers from the proposed regulator and provides the powers to ensure academic quality re he and even close down bogus institutions There is no plan to merge all higher education regulators, as was proposed through a planned agency called HEERA, which was supposed to be put in place as a super regulator. . The present proposal, said e ar k h ent Secretary (higher education) is to replace the UGC Once this is done after the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) Bill is passed by Parliament, the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and the National Council u, for Teacher Education (NCTE) will also be reformed on similar lines. The new regime separates the academic and funding aspects of higher education While HECI will be in charge of ensuring academic quality in universities and colleges, the MHRD-or another mechanism that will be put in place later-will be responsible for funding universities and colleges. The Regulator will have powers to enforce compliance to the academic quality standards. tis


  7. ante "O show the boss what Moreover, non-compliance could result in fines or even a jail sentence at thh * Till now, the UGC had no such powers. All it could do was to release a list of bogus institutions and not recognise their degrees HECI is tasked with the mandate of: - Improving academic standards with specific focus on learning outcomes Evaluation of academic performance by institutions . Mentoring of institutions Training of teachers re he Promote use of educational technology, etc.+ Benefits e ar k h ent It will develop norms for setting standards for opening and closure of institutions It will provide for greater flexibility and autonomy to institutions. It would lay standards for appointments to critical leadership positions at the institutional level irrespective of university started under any law (including state list) * UGC staff would be retrained to adapt to the HECI regime stit hting es that par een


  8. want te be startin to Page 2 North News: Punjab govt. moves to insure MLAs against 'office of Profit at thh The Punjab govt has paved the way for legislators to hold several new categories of 'office of profit' by approving amendments to the Punjab State Legislature (Prevention of Disqualification) Act, 1952 The amendments include: It will protect legislators from disqualification in certain additional cases of office of profit, re apart from the ones included in the original Act. Further amendments include incorporation of a new Section 1A to provide for the definitions of 'compensatory allowance', 'statutory body' and 'non-statutory body. Besides, insertions and additions have also been made to the categories of offices of profit s under Section 2 of the disqualification Act. k h ent The State Cabinet also decided to extend to the State, two ordinances recently promulgated by the Centre pertaining, to the rape law and fugitive economic offenders a. It approved republication of the Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance 2018, to make the , rape law more stringent. recently promulgated by the Centre punishment for rape of a girl (under 12 years), from the existing 7 to 10 years b. Approval was also given to republish the Fugitive Economic Offenders Ordinance 2018, c. Besides, the new ordinance amends the IPC to provide for enhancement of minimum tis


  9. to Stringent punishment at thh The minimum punishment for the offence of rape of a girl child under 16 years of age has been fixed at life imprisonment, as against the earlier provision of 20 years of rigorous imprisonment, extendable to imprisonment for the rest of the convict's life. The ordinance for fugitive economic offenders, empowers the authorities to attach and confiscate p properties and assets of economic offenders, such as loan defaulters, who flee the country he PSU disinvestment re . In another decision aimed at bridging revenue and fiscal deficits and raising funds for the cash- crunched State exchequer, the Cabinet approved disinvestment of three ailing public sector undertakings e ar k h ent Punjab Communications Limited >Punjab Finance Corporation mao of ofier to be set up under the Punjab State Industrial Development Corporation The disinvestment will be carried out by a core group of officers to be set up under the chairmanship of the Chief Secretary along with a transaction adviser tis that


  10. to Page 5 East News: 34 vears on, compensation for Blue Star detainees The detainees who were arrested and kept in a Jodhpur prison following the Army operation to at thh flush out militants from the Golden Temple in 1984, will finally get some relief with Punjab Chief Minister scheduled to hand over compensation money to them. . The Chief Minister will distribute cheques totalling 4.5 crore to 40 of the detainees. . Around 300 people were arrested and detained in the Jodhpur jail in June 1984 in the wake of . Of these, 224 had appealed for compensation in the lower court, alleging wrongful detention and . However, 40 of the them went in appeal to the District and Sessions Court, Amritsar, and were re he 300 people arrested -, Operation Blue Star, and were later released in three batches, between March 1989-July 1991 . torture but they failed to get any relief from the court in 2011 awarded 4 lakh each as compensation with 6% interest (from the date of filing of the appeal to e ar ent payment of compensation) in April last year. Appeal by Centre . The court had held the Union and the State govts jointly liable for payment of the c and although the Punjab govt had given an undertaking to the court to pay half the amount, the Centre had moved an appeal in the Punjab and Haryana High Court against the order tis


  11. want te be startin to Page 5 South News: HAL Su-30 aircraft crashes in Nashik at thh . A Su-30MkI aircraft manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), crashed at Nashik in Maharashtra, during a sortie in local flying area of Ozar Airport Pre-delivery trials The aircraft was undergoing pre-delivery trials by the manufacturer after which it was to be re handed over to the Indian Air Force (IAF). m the HAL aintrip neaNashik and erasied around 25 km away near Pimpalgaon Baswant town. Probe ordered o HAL is manufacturing the Su-30 twin engine, air superiority fighters under licence from Russia. A e ar k h ent Board of Investigation has been ordered to determine the exact cause of the accident. tis that


  12. to Page 5 South News: ICSSR's new vision: make research relevant to polioc at thh In an attempt at making research projects awarded by the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) move from "pure ideological research" to one that is in sync with policy* imperatives, the ICSSR has formulated a blueprint of key areas for future research A vision document: IMPRESS (Impactful Policy Research in Social Sciences), is sent to the govt. re It has also made a tentative list of themes on which it would like to support research he It is believed that social science research should focus on areas that can link research to pressing policy needs of the time. Social science is close to society and research in it would contribute to solving the problems being faced, Indian Council Of Historical Research (ICHR), awards doctoral and post-doctoral fellowships. . It also awards minor and major projects. e ar k h In future, proposals that are related to the thrust areas are more likely to pass muster, though * other proposals also can The document shared with the government identifies many thrust areas, such as: Research proposals on public private partnerships > Food security Make In India (a key policy initiative of the present government) Federalism, regionalism and its implications, eto. tis that


  13. to Page 7 Nation News: T.N. to soon network CT.MRI machines in govt. hospitals at thh . Tamil Nadu will become the first State in the country to virtually connect 58 computed tomography (CT) and 18 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines located in different govt hospitals in the State. The fully networked teleradiology system will be officially launched a few weeks from now. te While doctors and technicians are currently being trained to use the system, a few hospitals have already started using it. The teleradiology system will allow select images to be uploaded to a central server and radiologists from any of the hospitals that are connected to the network can access the images >Shortage of radiologists: Unlike in the case of medical college hospitals where a radiologist is Hospitals that do not have a radiologist physically carry the image to a nearby hospital for . Networking all the CT and MRI machines will address shortage or absence of radiologists in and give immediate medical opinion. ent available round the clock, other govt hospitals do not have a radiologist 24 hours or do nott have a radiologist at all. reporting it. hospitals and will greatly improve patient care, particularly road accident victims. tis en thec


  14. want te be starting sa to Page 10 News: Haley meets PM, says ties strong . U.S. Ambassador to the UN, described meeting with PM Modi as representing two democracies. She said that the friendship of both the nation is strong, being the world's oldest and largest* at thh democracies The discussions were related to the trade, defence, regional security, and strengthening the re he partnership. The Ambassador said The freedom of religion is as important as freedom of rights and freedom of people. e ar The statement is being interpreted as a crucial part of her visit as India has drawn criticism from the U.S. for repeated instances of violence against minority communities over the past ent few years The ambassador is expected to outline the main features of India-US. ties under the Trump " administration during her tour. From the Indian side, the visit provides an opportunity to discuss issues such as the Iran nuclear deal from which the US withdrew earlier this year The ambassador has been a strong conservative voice and has drawn criticism from the liberal U.S on Palestine and Israel and other international issues. tis that


  15. to Page 12 World News: Indian detainee numbers swell in Seattl<e For the last few days, a handful of protesters are camping for the U.S. Immigration and Customs at th Enforcement (ICE) The facility is overflowing since the Trump administration launched its 'zero tolerance' policy towards undocumented immigrants p A dramatic increase: The number of Indians detained at the Northwest Detention Centre has- he more than doubled in the last few months. re No criminal record: Indian-American Congresswoman from the Washington State, also said that none had criminal records. They were just trying to bring their children and their families to safety and to stay alive. e ar k h The protesters, who call themselves "anarchists", want all immigration laws ended and ICE dismantled, are not impressed by the Democratic protest to Trump administration's anti- mmigration sweep They are here seeking a better life, not for any criminal activities. I is claimed that they keep coming and keep leaving. Numbers keep changing. The common reasons to why they end up at the detention centre is that nobody wants to return to India. They are seeking betterment of their lives -economically, socially and educationally. Attorneys may find some reasons for them to stay. Some people marry an American citizen tis


  16. Page 12 World News: Tariffs on Indian goods to be lowered at thh According to the Ministry of Finance, China will reduce or cut to zero tariffs on a total of 8,549 types of goods originating in India and four other Asian countries from July 1 The adjustment, covering products made in India, Bangladesh, Laos, South Korea and Sri Lanka, was part of the tariff concession arrangement reached under the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement. The goods include chemicals, agricultural and medical products, clothing, steel and aluminium products. re he The items from the five Asian countries will have a new tariff rate, e ar k h ent tis that en thec


  17. to Page 13 Business News: Rupee tumbles to 19 month low on oil . The rupee slid to a 19-month low against the dollar as concern that rising crude oil prices could at thh widen the country's current account deficit and stroke inflation combined with fears of a trade war that could spur capital outflows to weigh the Indian currency down. The rupee fell 0.54%, or 37 paise, against the dollar on Wednesday to settle at 68.61 . The Indian rupee has slumped almost 7% against the dollar so far this year, making it one of Asia's worst performing currencies. re he . Forex traders said that the rupee's depreciation is in line with other emerging market currencies as the dollar index has strengthened in the wake of the U.S. Federal Reserve raising interest rates. Factors that are impacting Indian currency are: e ar k h ent Elevated oil prices are weighing on rupee as India's dependence on oil imports is very higlh. Political uncertainty in the wake of upcoming State elections and the general elections of 2 The concerns over earnings outlook has led to FPI [foreign portfolio investor] outflows. > Concerns about inflation and the fiscal deficit also impacted bond prices with the yield on the 10-year benchmark govt bond rising 4 basis points to 7.87%. * Reserves cushion: On the positive side, the rupee's weakness should aid the exports amid improving global growth outlook. India enjoys a good cushion of foreign exchange reserves and the RBI is in a good position to control heightened volatility in the currency. tis


  18. to Equities too fell, to a three-week low, due to losses in energy, PSU bank, media, infrastructure, in realty and metal stocks amid signs of an escalating trade war between the U.S. and other world economies Traders also opted for caution before the June expiry of derivative contracts Sector-wise: ) . Energy dropped by 2.46% p re he PSU banks fell 2.43% Media shed 2.12% Infra lost 2.04% >-Realty retreated 1.79%. Other industry groups that fell include metal 1.26%, autos 1.25%, financial services 0.86% and private banks 0.83%. e ar k h tis that en thec