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12th June 2018 Part-4: Daily News Analysis
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India Maldives

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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Work hard, Keep it up.... Success definetly comes to you
Really enjoy DNA not for analysis which now have learnt FROM you NOW ,but for FUN parts and जज्बाती होना । But after DONALD TRUMP you are one who we can't believe in your promise .BE THE MAN OF WORDS
Jatin Verma
a year ago
Thank you so much sir.listening to ur DNA has become daily routine of my study nd if there had a gap,there is something lull seems to be in my preparation.Thanks a lot for enriching our knowledge. you are great.Hats off to ur knowledge and effort.
Thank you so much sir.listening to ur DNA has become daily routine of my study nd if there had a gap,there is something lull seems to be in my preparation.Thanks a lot for enriching our knowledge. you are great.Hats off to ur knowledge and effort.
Is it possible to implement central sector scheme in the states where already state maternity schemes are going on?? @Jatin Verma sir
Sir, the ratio of 60:40 sharing, is it applicable to all the states? or for the states like N.E, it will be 90:10 sharing ratio?
  1. want teo he starting Page 10 News: India seeks action against desecration of national flag at thh India has asked U.K. authorities to take action against "miscreants" involved in desecrating the Indian flag during Prime Minister's visit to London in April. India said that while there was a possibility of such an incident, "it was the police's inaction that surprised us," and no arrests have been made in the case despite there being "photographic proof". * rUnion Minister of State for Home is learnt to have told U.K. Minister that he was absolutely he"aghast and shocked" at the unfortunate incident relating to the desecration of the Indian flag at Parliament Square by "miscreants in the presence of Metropolitan Police" during the PM's visit to the U.K Caught on camera .A group under the banner of 'Minorities Against Modi', led by a Pakistani-origin man, was caught e ar k h ent on camera desecrating the Indian flag. Indian agencies suspect that pro-Khalistani activists and Kashmiri separatists jointly carried out the act when PM was in London to attend the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting ur India is insisting on urgent action against the culprits who have been caught on video. It has been almost two months since the incident and in spite of photographic proof and witness statements, there have been no arrests or progress in the investigations. tis

  2. want teo he starting Page 11 News: Now, Nirav Modi comes between India-U.K. bilateral ties . The precarious bilateral relationship between India and Britain is set to be tested even further, amid at thh unofficial confirmation that fugitive jeweller Nirav Modi had fled to Britain seeking political asylum. British Foreign Office and Indian officials confirmed that Modi had sought political asylum, following months of speculation as to his whereabouts. While parallels wil be drawn with the case of Vijay Mallya, the liquor baron whose extradition to he face charges of money laundering and fraud of around 9,000 crore that India is currently pursuing through the British court system, the cases appear to be quite different. Mallva case e ar .Mallya, who had his Indian passport revoked by Indian authorities, has said he has been a British k h resident, now with indefinite leave to remain, since 1992. The decision on whether to return him to India lies within Britain's court system, under an extradition process set out in a 1992 bilateral extradition treaty If Modi has claimed political asylum as reports suggest would have to navigate Britain's highly uncertain political asylum process. .It is not known which passport Modi was travelling on, though some reports have suggested it was Singaporean. tis

  3. want teo he starting To be eligible you must have left your country and be unable to go back because you fear at thh persecution, explains the section of the British government's websites on applying for asylum, which urges those who apply to do so "as soon as they arrive or deem it unsafe to return to their own country" A decision on an application which would be made by the Home Office's UK Border Agency could p take 6 months, it estimates. he . Seeking political asylum would involve the suggestion he's being hounded by the government for re political reasons. Unlike the Mallya case which is being heard at Westminster Magistrates Court, the claim for political asylum would be considered by the Home Office's UK Border Agency It's an administrative decision but one that India can feed into, unlike in an extradition case where the onus was on the country to prove there was a prima facie case to be heard against him (and that other criteria such as prison conditions were met), in a claim for political asylum the burden of proof would be on the claimant. India, to ensure a swift decision rejecting the claim could make representations to the Home Office on why the political asylum application constituted an "abuse" of the process of asylum The burden on proof would be on him but India must work behind the scenes immediately. e ar k h ent tis

  4. want teo he starting Another London-based source cast doubt on whether Modi would be going down the route of claiming political asylum, saying that the key question would be if he had indefinite leave to remain in Britain (in which case the extradition process would have to kick in) Modi's apparent decision to flee to the U.K. comes at a particularly sensitive time for bilateral relations, with tensions not only over Britain's immigration system (and its treatment of Indian at thh reationals, particularly skilled professionals), but also over the questions about Indian jails raised in he recent court cases. While India has by and large sought to emphasise its respect for the UK judicial system and processes, the issue has surfaced at a political level too e ar .The issue of jail conditions has figured in India's attempt to extradite Mr. Mallya (to Arthur RoadK Prison) as well as alleged bookie Sanjeev Chawla (to Tihar) India is currently appealing a judge's decision to deny the extradition of Mr. Chawla because of concerns around conditions at Tihar. ent tis that

  5. want teo he starting Page 11 News: PM's maternity scheme benefits 23.6 lakh tth After initial hiccups in implementing the maternity benefit programme Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), the government has finally made some headway and provided cash incentives to nearly 23.6 lakh beneficiaries out of an estimated 51.6 lakh a year. The scheme was approved by the Union Cabinet in May 2017 and was expected to be rolled out in treSeptember that year. However, until January 2018, the government programme had covered only he 90,000 women, a mere 2% of the target. .Under the scheme, pregnant women and lactating mothers are offered a cash incentive of 6,000 on the birth of their first child as partial compensation for wage loss, to reduce maternal mortality and malnutrition levels among children. ."Many States like Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Odisha and West Bengal have not yet come on board to nt implement the scheme. As these States account for nearly 25% of the total beneficiaries, we have actually been able to serve 23.6 lakh of the 38 lakh beneficiaries or more than 60% of women. Huge backlog .Due to a huge backlog from last year, the government needed to provide cash benefits to over 100 ay lakh estimated beneficiaries by the end of the financial year 2018-19 An amount of 673 crore has been transferred to the accounts of the beneficiaries out of the total budget of 2,594 crore set aside for the scheme last year, and another 2,400 crore allocated for the current fiscal. The scheme is being implemented on a 60:40 cost-sharing basis with the State Govts.'

  6. want teo he starting States like Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Odisha and West Bengal have their own maternity benefit schemes and have been reluctant to implement the PMMVY, the senior officials were bound to comply because the scheme was a by-product of the National Food Security Act. at thh Benefits under PMMVY: he Cash incentive of Rs 5000 in three instalments i.e. first instalment of Rs 1000/ - on early registration of pregnancy at the Anganwadi Centre (AWC)/approved Health facility as may be identified by the respective administering State /UT, second instalment of Rs 2000/ after six months of pregnancy on receiving at least one ante-natal check-up (ANC) and third instalment of Rs 2000/ - after child birth is registered and the child has received the first cycle of BCG, OPV, DPT and Hepatitis B, or its equivalent/ substitute. e ar k h ent . The eligible beneficiaries would receive the incentive given under the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) for Institutional delivery and the incentive received under JSY would be accounted towards maternity benefits so that on an average a woman gets Rs 6000/ stay tis that en thec

  7. at thh Status check A look at the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana Under the scheme, The cash monetary benefits are extended to all provided as pregnant women and compensation lactating mothers, except those in government service, benefciary can for the safe delivery take adequate of the first child incentive is re he for wage loss, so that the e ar k h ent rest before and after the On average, eligible delivery and beneficiaries get #6,000 each in three instalments immunisation of her first child even the tis that

  8. want teo he starting Page 11 News: Remove copters by June-end: Maldives at thh External Affairs Minister held a high-power meeting to discuss a deadline set by the Maldives for India to withdraw its helicopters gifted to the island nation, at least two senior officials confirmed. Tensions over the presence of the two Indian helicopters in two strategically important locations in the Laamu and Addu atolls have been growing over the past few weeks, forcing the External Affairs e Ministry to step in to defuse the situation heThe Maldives has given India a deadline by the month-end to remove the helicopters e government was discussing possible reactions to the move. Significantly, the meeting came just days after a vote at the U.N. for Security Council seats, where the Maldives claimed India had supported its candidature against that of Indonesia, an election that the Maldives lost nonetheless. e ar Frayed ties Relations between New Delhi and Male have been frayed since last year, when the Maldives rushed ent through a free trade agreement with China, and plummeted further after President declared an Emergency in the country. .India had gifted two Dhruv advanced light helicopters in 2013, of which one was operated by the Indian Coast Guard and the other by the Indian Navy, manned by six pilots and a number of maintenance ground staff. In the normal course, letters of exchange (LoEs) are renewed for two years at a time, but on this occasion, the Yameen government refused to do so and has since made it clear that it would like India to remove them and their crew entirely tis

  9. want teo he starting LT The LoE of the Coast Guard helicopter had expired a few months ago, while that of the Navy one is due to expire in June. India has yet to recall either helicopter, in the hope that the matter will beS resolved through negotiations. The controversy took an additional twist last month when visas given to the pilots operating the helicopter expired at the end of May A defence source said that despite requests, the visas were not renewed immediately, causing some concern for the personnel. . at thh . he .The MEA had to step in to sort out the issue and it has now been extended by a month till June end. . The Maldives has also not approved an LoE sent by India for a Dornier maritime patrol aircraft that it had itself requested, but in less tense times. e ar k h ent tis that

  10. want teo he starting Page 11 News: India to host first BIMSTEC war games at thh India will host the first military exercise of the BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi- Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) group focussing on counter-terrorism. As part of this, a conclave of the Army chiefs of all seven member-states is being planned. The exercise is scheduled to be held in Pune in the second week of September. The aim is to promote strategic alignment among the member-states and to share best practices in he the area of counter-terrorism The initial planning conference to work out the modalities is scheduled to be held next week and the final planning conference is scheduled in August BIMSTEC was set up in 1997 and includes India, Bangladesh, Bhutan Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The theme includes counter-terrorism in semi-urban terrain and cordon and search, and each side will bring in some 30 soldiers ent Counter-terror ops . The conclave of Army chiefs is scheduled on the last two days of the exercise, The chiefs will debate the challenge of terrorism and transnational crime, which is a major concern among all the states and on how they can promote collective cooperation BIMSTEC countries held a disaster management exercise in 2017, but this is the first military exercise of the grouping tis

  11. want teo he starting Page 12 World: Talks with N. Korea have moved at a quick pace: U.S. U.S. President that his historic summit with North Korean leader could "work out very nicely" as officials from both countries sought to narrow differences on how to end a nuclear stand-off on the Korean peninsula North Korean leader, one of the world's most reclusive leaders, made an evening tour of sites on P Singapore's waterfront. he Note of caution While U.S. was optimistic about prospects for the summit between the old foes, U.S. Secretary of State injected a note of caution ahead of the first-ever meeting of sitting U.S. and North Korean leaders, saying it remained to be seen whether North Korea was sincere about his willingness to denuclearise Officials from the two sides held last-minute talks aimed at laying the groundwork for a meeting. Offering a preview to reporters, U.S. said it could provide "an unprecedented opportunity to change pur the trajectory of our relationship and bring peace and prosperity" to North Korea. e ar use rent ock e .However, he played down the possibility of a quick breakthrough and said the summit should set the framework for "the hard work that will follow", insisting that North Korea had to move toward complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearisation. Sanctions on North Korea would remain in place until that had happened. If diplomacy does not move in the right direction those measures will increase. frs

  12. want teo he starting aHanted to shoe d) Human rights TESTS A ND TA L K S North Korea has been accused of a host of state-sanctioned rights abuses . It is estimated to have up to 1,20,000 poltical prisoners in withdraws nuclear weapons2018: Destroys its nuclear test its sprawling gulag fm South Korea system Japan has urged Trump to bring up Five U.S. Presidents have tried to persuade North Korea to give up on its nuclear programme 2013: Third nuclear test 1990: North Korea conducts its first medium-range missile test 2016: Fourth and fifth nuclear tests 2017: Sixth nuclear test 1991: President H.W. Bush facility at Punggye-Ri 1994: Pyongyang signs Agreed Framework with the U.S. to freeze nuclear programme 1999: The North agrees to freeze the testing of long-range missiles 2002: It is discovered that the North is pursuing uranium enrichment and plutonium reprocessing in contravention of the Agreed Framework 2003: The North withdraws from the he issue of its citizens abducted in 1970s and 1980s e ar e) Security of k h Kim's main con- cern is the survival of his regime The Trump administration has promised not to seek regime change and United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has even floated the r Non-Prolifera- tion Treaty (NPT) 2006: It carries out its first underground nuclear test possibility of issuing security guarantees to the North 2009. Second nuclear test TEAM KIM: The leader's right-hand man Kim Yong-chol I His sister Kim Yo-jong I Foreign Minister Ri Yong-ho I Defence Minister No Kwang-chol SOURCE: GRAPHIC NEWS, AFP that en thec

  13. want teo he starting Page 12 World: Indian-origin Ministers plav kev role . Two Indian-origin Ministers in, played a key role in facilitating a hassle-free summit . Singapore's Foreign Minister, made important visits to Washington, Pyongyang and Beijing in at thh recent days to ensure that there would be no last-minute spoilers Singapore's Minister for Law and Home Affairs and he has the responsibility to make sure that the resummit goes without a hitch from the security point of view. he. The summit comes after 70 years of suspicion, war and diplomatic failures. This is not the way conventional diplomacy would have been conducted, but perhaps you need two very unconventional leaders to have brought us to this stage,. They may be able to pull rabbits out of a hat that the rest of us conventional diplomats would not have been able to do. e ar ent tis that

  14. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Petrol, diesel sales hit record high in May (contd. at thh More than half of India's population is employed in the farm sector, which depends on diesel to fuel the pumps for land irrigation Higher domestic consumption in India, however, may cap the country's capacity to export diesel re he e ar k h ent tis that en thec

  15. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Petrol, diesel sales hit record high in May (contd. Diesel exports . India's diesel exports during March to April this year were 3.79 million tonnes, down 22% from 2 4.87 million tonnes of the industrial fuel exported during the same time last year. Last month, petrol and diesel pump prices in India surged to record highs, raising pressure on Prime Minister's government to find a solution to provide relief to consumers without taking a hit on its finances 9 8 heThe recent rise in global crude prices was largely behind the surge in domestic prices. e ar k h that

  16. LT want teo he starting at thh he e ar k h that en thec