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12th June 2018 Part-3: Daily News Analysis
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Railways and Privatisation

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

U
Unacademy user
sir plz complite remaining topic.
sir u first said that collegium gives advice to the president u/A124(4) & A217 and then u also said that collegium has no place in the constitution. which one of this is correct
collegium is an excellent example of judicial legislation...it has nothing to do with 124 or 217... may be jatin sir wanted to say something else...
This of 12th June not 13th. I think you mistakenly mention the 13th June as the title of vedio.
Article 124(4) deals with removal or impeachment of SC judge
AP
Collegium system is created by 3 judgments of 1981, 1993, and 1998.
Enriching as usual. Hope to learn tomorrow too.
  1. Important News Articles (Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base) tth Page 1: Centre seeks details on Rajiv case Page 10 News: Centre seeks details of Rajiv case convicts Page 1: In Chennai, the hearts beat for foreigners Page 1: 'Unique guarantees' to North Korea from U.S. * Page 3: Fishermen oppose CRZ draft lag Page 6 Nation: Asking Collegium to reconsider not a cardinal sin: Law Minister Page 7 Nation: Three of four hearts harvested were given to foreigners Page 7 Nation: No Indian should be denied Page 7 Nation: No plans to privatise Railways, says Goyal Page 10 News: India seeks action against desecration of national flag Page 11 News: Now, Nirav Modi comes between India-U.K. bilateral ties Page 11 News: PM's maternity scheme benefits 23.6 lakh Page 11 News: Remove copters by June-end: Maldives Page 11 News: 'Democracy the antidote to IS" Page 11 News: Rijiju raises Nirav case with visiting U.K. team Page 11 News: India to host first BIMSTEC war games nt un ay


  2. Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base tth Page 12 World: Talks with N. Korea have moved at a quick pace: U.S. Page 12 World: U.S. President's broadsides against G7 allies continue Page 12 World: SCO can be a vehicle to better India-Pak. ties' Page 12 World: Indian-origin Ministers play key role * Page 12 World: U.S. imposes more sanctions on Russia lag Page 13 Business: Petrol, diesel sales hit record high in May Page 13 Business: Reserve Bank aims to tighten working capital loan norms Page 13 Business: Govt. set to unveil *500 cr. credit enhancement fund' nt ay


  3. want teo he starting Page 3: Fishermen oppose CRZ draft at thh An organisation of fishermen in West Bengal has written to the Central government to scrap the draft Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification 2018, alleging that it would have adverse effects on their livelihood. Citing that the notification proposes to allow CRZ-IV, which comprises coastal water, transfer of tre hazardous substances from ships to ports, projects related to defence and atomic energy, the association has claimed that "it would destroy the fishing areas of small and traditional fishing communities near shore water .The letter sent by representatives of Kanthi Mahakuma Khoti Matsyajibi Union and Dakshin Banga Matyajibi Forum to officials of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has raised objections stating that the proposed changes would increase "pollution load in the sea and encroachment in the CRZ. ent tis that


  4. want teo he starting Page 6 Nation: Asking Collegium to reconsider not a cardinal sin: Law Minister .Law Minister said that the government didn't commit a "cardinal sin" if it asked for reconsideration at thh of a name suggested by the Supreme Court Collegium and advised political parties that "lost popular franchise" not to push "sponsored litigation" in court. Law Minister's reference was to the government's decision to return the Collegium's re ecommendation to elevate Uttarakhand High Court Chief Justice Joseph as a Supreme Court judge heand the Judge Loya case. In a reference to the unprecedented episode of four top judges of Supreme Court openly dissenting against Chief Justice of India, the Law Minister said the judiciary had "foresight and statesmanship * to settle differences within it and the political class to remain immune" e ar k h ent Subordinate iudiciar Claiming that the government had done well to fill vacancies in higher judiciary, Mr. Prasad suggested a robust pan-India entrance test to allow talent infusion into subordinate judiciary as nearly 5,000 vacancies exist in subordinate judiciary Reacting to charges of stalling appointments to the Supreme Court and the 24 high courts, the Law Minister said his office is not a "post office" which would only process recommendations of the Collegium on the appointment of judges. tis


  5. want teo he starting Subordinate judiciary (contd.) at thh Even in the Collegium system created by the three judgments of 1993, 1998 and 1999, the right of the government has been acknowledged to seek a reconsideration and also to give inputs. In 2016, 126 HC judges were appointed, which was the highest number in the last 30 years. Since 1989, on average 79 to 82 judges were appointed (per annum) In 2016 alone, 126 judges to high courts were appointed and in 2017, 117 HC judges were e appointed, and till now 30 HC judges have been appointed this year. e ar k h ent What is the Collegium System? It is a system under which appointments and transfers of judges are decided by a forum of the Chief Justice of India and the four senior-most judges of the Supreme Court. It has no place in the Indian Constitution. tis that en thec


  6. want teo he starting Page 7 Nation: No plans to privatise Railways, says Goval at thh The Centre has no plans to privatise the Railways. Railway Miniater's statement comes amid concerns voiced by unions about part or full privatisation of the Railways, which has been inviting private participation in station development, infrastructure creation and some other areas. . The Ministry was focussing on safety and pointed out that train accidents had come down from 118 he in 2013-14 to 73 in 2017-18. The average annual capital expenditure in the past four years more than doubled to 5.29 lakh crore as against 2.30 lakh crore in 2009-14. Punctuality was affected in the short term due to the priority given to infrastructure and safety improvement, which would facilitate faster and safer operations in the long term e ar k h ent Menu on Rails app: Two mobile applications: Rail Madad for registering complaints by passengers and Menu On Rails our to check the maximum retail price (MRP) of food items available on all trains. The menu will also . be available for trains running late, the Railways said in a statement. tis that


  7. want teo he starting Page 10 News: India seeks action against desecration of national flag at thh India has asked U.K. authorities to take action against "miscreants" involved in desecrating the Indian flag during Prime Minister's visit to London in April. India said that while there was a possibility of such an incident, "it was the police's inaction that surprised us," and no arrests have been made in the case despite there being "photographic proof". * rUnion Minister of State for Home is learnt to have told U.K. Minister that he was absolutely he"aghast and shocked" at the unfortunate incident relating to the desecration of the Indian flag at Parliament Square by "miscreants in the presence of Metropolitan Police" during the PM's visit to the U.K Caught on camera .A group under the banner of 'Minorities Against Modi', led by a Pakistani-origin man, was caught e ar k h ent on camera desecrating the Indian flag. Indian agencies suspect that pro-Khalistani activists and Kashmiri separatists jointly carried out the act when PM was in London to attend the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting ur India is insisting on urgent action against the culprits who have been caught on video. It has been almost two months since the incident and in spite of photographic proof and witness statements, there have been no arrests or progress in the investigations. tis


  8. want teo he starting Page 10 News: India seeks action against desecration of national flag (contd. Fringe groups * He said that India was disappointed with the anti-India activities of some fringe Kashmiri and Sikh at thh groups that continued unabated in the U.K Increasing instances of better coordination between the Kashmiri and Sikh separatists have come to re our notice. We hope that the U.K. government will take cognisance of such anti-India activities hebeing planned on British soil and take steps to curb them. A senior government official said the flag issue was strongly taken up by the Indian High Commission with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. The Mission has also submitted video and photographic evidences of the culprits to the e ar k h ent Metropolitan Police and is following up with them tis that


  9. want teo he starting Page 11 News: Now, Nirav Modi comes between India-U.K. bilateral ties . The precarious bilateral relationship between India and Britain is set to be tested even further, amid at thh unofficial confirmation that fugitive jeweller Nirav Modi had fled to Britain seeking political asylum. British Foreign Office and Indian officials confirmed that Modi had sought political asylum, following months of speculation as to his whereabouts. While parallels wil be drawn with the case of Vijay Mallya, the liquor baron whose extradition to he face charges of money laundering and fraud of around 9,000 crore that India is currently pursuing through the British court system, the cases appear to be quite different. Mallva case e ar .Mallya, who had his Indian passport revoked by Indian authorities, has said he has been a British k h resident, now with indefinite leave to remain, since 1992. The decision on whether to return him to India lies within Britain's court system, under an extradition process set out in a 1992 bilateral extradition treaty If Modi has claimed political asylum as reports suggest would have to navigate Britain's highly uncertain political asylum process. .It is not known which passport Modi was travelling on, though some reports have suggested it was Singaporean. tis


  10. want teo he starting To be eligible you must have left your country and be unable to go back because you fear at thh persecution, explains the section of the British government's websites on applying for asylum, which urges those who apply to do so "as soon as they arrive or deem it unsafe to return to their own country" A decision on an application which would be made by the Home Office's UK Border Agency could p take 6 months, it estimates. he . Seeking political asylum would involve the suggestion he's being hounded by the government for re political reasons. Unlike the Mallya case which is being heard at Westminster Magistrates Court, the claim for political asylum would be considered by the Home Office's UK Border Agency It's an administrative decision but one that India can feed into, unlike in an extradition case where the onus was on the country to prove there was a prima facie case to be heard against him (and that other criteria such as prison conditions were met), in a claim for political asylum the burden of proof would be on the claimant. India, to ensure a swift decision rejecting the claim could make representations to the Home Office on why the political asylum application constituted an "abuse" of the process of asylum The burden on proof would be on him but India must work behind the scenes immediately. e ar k h ent tis


  11. want teo he starting Another London-based source cast doubt on whether Modi would be going down the route of claiming political asylum, saying that the key question would be if he had indefinite leave to remain in Britain (in which case the extradition process would have to kick in) Modi's apparent decision to flee to the U.K. comes at a particularly sensitive time for bilateral relations, with tensions not only over Britain's immigration system (and its treatment of Indian at thh reationals, particularly skilled professionals), but also over the questions about Indian jails raised in he recent court cases. While India has by and large sought to emphasise its respect for the UK judicial system and processes, the issue has surfaced at a political level too e ar .The issue of jail conditions has figured in India's attempt to extradite Mr. Mallya (to Arthur RoadK Prison) as well as alleged bookie Sanjeev Chawla (to Tihar) India is currently appealing a judge's decision to deny the extradition of Mr. Chawla because of concerns around conditions at Tihar. ent tis that


  12. want teo he starting Page 11 News: PM's maternity scheme benefits 23.6 lakh tth After initial hiccups in implementing the maternity benefit programme Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), the government has finally made some headway and provided cash incentives to nearly 23.6 lakh beneficiaries out of an estimated 51.6 lakh a year. The scheme was approved by the Union Cabinet in May 2017 and was expected to be rolled out in treSeptember that year. However, until January 2018, the government programme had covered only he 90,000 women, a mere 2% of the target. .Under the scheme, pregnant women and lactating mothers are offered a cash incentive of 6,000 on the birth of their first child as partial compensation for wage loss, to reduce maternal mortality and malnutrition levels among children. ."Many States like Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Odisha and West Bengal have not yet come on board to nt implement the scheme. As these States account for nearly 25% of the total beneficiaries, we have actually been able to serve 23.6 lakh of the 38 lakh beneficiaries or more than 60% of women. Huge backlog .Due to a huge backlog from last year, the government needed to provide cash benefits to over 100 ay lakh estimated beneficiaries by the end of the financial year 2018-19 An amount of 673 crore has been transferred to the accounts of the beneficiaries out of the total budget of 2,594 crore set aside for the scheme last year, and another 2,400 crore allocated for the current fiscal. The scheme is being implemented on a 60:40 cost-sharing basis with the State Govts.'


  13. at thh Status check A look at the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana Under the scheme, The cash monetary benefits are extended to all provided as pregnant women and compensation lactating mothers, except those in government service, benefciary can for the safe delivery take adequate of the first child incentive is re he for wage loss, so that the e ar k h ent rest before and after the On average, eligible delivery and beneficiaries get #6,000 each in three instalments immunisation of her first child even the tis that


  14. want teo he starting Page 11 News: 'Democracy the antidote to IS' . India's secular democracy has ensured that pan-Islamic ideologies, like those professed by terror at thh groups such as Al Qaeda and the Islamic State, do not attract minorities in the country, Minister of State for External Affairs Indian Muslims are the only Muslims in the world who, as such a large community, have enjoyed seven decades of continued democracy," Minister of State for External Affairs told an audience of heinternational experts at a conference on "Tackling insurgent ideologies". Delivering the keynote address, Minister said that what was important was that India wasn't just a democracy, but a secular democracy India is a country where the call of the azaan, the temple bells, gurdwara kirtan and church bells ringing follow each other each day," he said, adding in a lighter vein that Indians "don't believe in silent secularism, of course" In recent weeks, several surveys including a British study of the Islamic State on social media platforms such as Facebook called "Spiders of the Caliphate" have found that Indians havea negligible presence on the Jihadist network online. The studies have concluded that "India's Muslim population is largely resistant to both Al Qaeda and IS recruitment," though it faced elements of the "virtual caliphate" on the borders with Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh e ar ent tis


  15. want teo he starting Page 11 News: India to host first BIMSTEC war games at thh India will host the first military exercise of the BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi- Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) group focussing on counter-terrorism. As part of this, a conclave of the Army chiefs of all seven member-states is being planned. The exercise is scheduled to be held in Pune in the second week of September. The aim is to promote strategic alignment among the member-states and to share best practices in he the area of counter-terrorism The initial planning conference to work out the modalities is scheduled to be held next week and the final planning conference is scheduled in August BIMSTEC was set up in 1997 and includes India, Bangladesh, Bhutan Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The theme includes counter-terrorism in semi-urban terrain and cordon and search, and each side will bring in some 30 soldiers ent Counter-terror ops . The conclave of Army chiefs is scheduled on the last two days of the exercise, The chiefs will debate the challenge of terrorism and transnational crime, which is a major concern among all the states and on how they can promote collective cooperation BIMSTEC countries held a disaster management exercise in 2017, but this is the first military exercise of the grouping tis


  16. want teo he starting Page 12 World: Talks with N. Korea have moved at a quick pace: U.S. U.S. President that his historic summit with North Korean leader could "work out very nicely" as officials from both countries sought to narrow differences on how to end a nuclear stand-off on the Korean peninsula North Korean leader, one of the world's most reclusive leaders, made an evening tour of sites on P Singapore's waterfront. he Note of caution While U.S. was optimistic about prospects for the summit between the old foes, U.S. Secretary of State injected a note of caution ahead of the first-ever meeting of sitting U.S. and North Korean leaders, saying it remained to be seen whether North Korea was sincere about his willingness to denuclearise Officials from the two sides held last-minute talks aimed at laying the groundwork for a meeting. Offering a preview to reporters, U.S. said it could provide "an unprecedented opportunity to change pur the trajectory of our relationship and bring peace and prosperity" to North Korea. e ar use rent ock e .However, he played down the possibility of a quick breakthrough and said the summit should set the framework for "the hard work that will follow", insisting that North Korea had to move toward complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearisation. Sanctions on North Korea would remain in place until that had happened. If diplomacy does not move in the right direction those measures will increase. frs


  17. want teo he starting The White House later said discussions with North Korea had moved "more quickly than expected" and U.S. officials would leave Singapore, after the summit. North Korea's first stop was a waterfront park with futuristic installations, Gardens by the Bay, which boasts the largest glass greenhouse and tallest indoor waterfall in the world. He joined Singapore's Foreign Minister. He waved, he smiled he.On the way back to his hotel, walked along a promenade near the Merlion, a giant statue, and re fountain, of a mythical creature, half lion, half fish Singapore's unofficial mascot. The rare public appearance of North Korean, waving and smiling to onlookers, adds to the more affable image of the young leader that has emerged since his summit with South Korean leader. e ar k h ent . Gaps remain over what denuclearisation would entail, U.S. sounded a positive note in a lunch meeting with Singapore's Prime Minister. tis that


  18. want teo he starting aHanted to shoe d) Human rights TESTS A ND TA L K S North Korea has been accused of a host of state-sanctioned rights abuses . It is estimated to have up to 1,20,000 poltical prisoners in withdraws nuclear weapons2018: Destroys its nuclear test its sprawling gulag fm South Korea system Japan has urged Trump to bring up Five U.S. Presidents have tried to persuade North Korea to give up on its nuclear programme 2013: Third nuclear test 1990: North Korea conducts its first medium-range missile test 2016: Fourth and fifth nuclear tests 2017: Sixth nuclear test 1991: President H.W. Bush facility at Punggye-Ri 1994: Pyongyang signs Agreed Framework with the U.S. to freeze nuclear programme 1999: The North agrees to freeze the testing of long-range missiles 2002: It is discovered that the North is pursuing uranium enrichment and plutonium reprocessing in contravention of the Agreed Framework 2003: The North withdraws from the he issue of its citizens abducted in 1970s and 1980s e ar e) Security of k h Kim's main con- cern is the survival of his regime The Trump administration has promised not to seek regime change and United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has even floated the r Non-Prolifera- tion Treaty (NPT) 2006: It carries out its first underground nuclear test possibility of issuing security guarantees to the North 2009. Second nuclear test TEAM KIM: The leader's right-hand man Kim Yong-chol I His sister Kim Yo-jong I Foreign Minister Ri Yong-ho I Defence Minister No Kwang-chol SOURCE: GRAPHIC NEWS, AFP that en thec


  19. want teo he starting Page 12 World: U.S. President's broadsides against G7 allies continue at thh U.S. President fired off a volley of tweets venting anger on NATO allies, the European Union and Canadian Prime Minister in the wake of a divisive G7 meeting. Fair trade is now to be called fool trade if it is not reciprocal," said U.S. President. "Sorry, we cannot let our friends, or enemies, take advantage of us on trade anymore. We must put the American worker first!" U.S.'s extraordinary outburst against NATO allies, the European Union and Canada appeared aimed at striking a chord with voters who support his "America First" agenda. U.S. also lambasted fellow members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) for paying disproportionately less than the U.S. to maintain the Western alliance. The U.S. pays close to the entire cost of NATO protecting many of these same countries that rip us off on trade (they pay only a fraction of the cost and laugh. U.S. also renewed attacks on Canadian Prime Minister, who had hosted the G7 meeting in Quebec. ur re he. * e ar k h . tis that


  20. want teo he starting Page 12 World: Indian-origin Ministers plav kev role . Two Indian-origin Ministers in, played a key role in facilitating a hassle-free summit . Singapore's Foreign Minister, made important visits to Washington, Pyongyang and Beijing in at thh recent days to ensure that there would be no last-minute spoilers Singapore's Minister for Law and Home Affairs and he has the responsibility to make sure that the resummit goes without a hitch from the security point of view. he. The summit comes after 70 years of suspicion, war and diplomatic failures. This is not the way conventional diplomacy would have been conducted, but perhaps you need two very unconventional leaders to have brought us to this stage,. They may be able to pull rabbits out of a hat that the rest of us conventional diplomats would not have been able to do. e ar ent tis that


  21. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Petrol, diesel sales hit record high in Ma at thh India's domestic sales for diesel and petrol rose to record highs in May, pushing the country's overall fuel consumption for the month higher year-on-year, data from the Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell (PPAC) of the Oil Ministry showed. Fuel consumption, a proxy for oil demand, totalled 18.72 million tonnes last month, during which e diesel sales soared to 7.55 mi lion tonnes and petrol petrol consumption climbed to 2.46 million he tonnesthe highest monthly sales figures in PPAC data going back to April 1998. India, the world's third-largest oil consumer, used 35.2 million tonnes of diesel during January to May this year, up 6% from the corresponding period last year. The country's monthly diesel sales have averaged 7.05 million tonnes in 2018, compared with a monthly average consumption of 6.6 mlion tonnes last vear. Sales of petrol rose 7.6% in May from April and are up 2% from the same month last year. Monthly demand for petrol has averaged 2.27 million tonnes this year, up 7% from the 2017 average of 2.12 million tonnes Diesel consumption growth during the calendar year of 2018 may be more than double from last year, analysts and traders told Reuters, aided by an expected regular monsoon that should boost demand for diesel used in harvesting, while the government targets massive infrastructure spending. e ar k h ent stay tis


  22. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Petrol, diesel sales hit record high in May (contd. at thh More than half of India's population is employed in the farm sector, which depends on diesel to fuel the pumps for land irrigation Higher domestic consumption in India, however, may cap the country's capacity to export diesel re he e ar k h ent tis that en thec


  23. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Petrol, diesel sales hit record high in May (contd. Diesel exports . India's diesel exports during March to April this year were 3.79 million tonnes, down 22% from 2 4.87 million tonnes of the industrial fuel exported during the same time last year. Last month, petrol and diesel pump prices in India surged to record highs, raising pressure on Prime Minister's government to find a solution to provide relief to consumers without taking a hit on its finances 9 8 heThe recent rise in global crude prices was largely behind the surge in domestic prices. e ar k h that


  24. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Reserve Bank aims to tighten working capital loan norms The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has proposed a minimum 40% loan component for working at thh 50 crore and above to bring in greater credit discipline and improve monetary capital funding of transmission. According to draft guidelines, the RBI has proposed that the loan component of 40% will come into effect from October 1 and will be increased to 60% from April 1, 2019. re he. The loan's tenure will be minimum seven days "Effective from April 1, 2019, the undrawn portion of cash credit/overdraft limits sanctioned to the large borrowers, irrespective of whether unconditionally cancellable or not, shall attract a credit conversion factor of 20%," the RBI said. This means banks have to set aside capital for undrawn portion of cash credit limits e ar k h ent Repavment schedule Currently, working capital is mostly in the form of cash credit for which interest rate is reset once a u year. Also, cash credit does not have a tight repayment schedule. The proposed new norm will address the following issues: .First, if there is a loan component then there will be a repayment schedule which will put pressure on borrowers to manage their liquidity Secondly, since the loan component will have a fixed tenure, the reset clause can be invoked at the end of each tenure period. tis


  25. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Govt set to unveil 500 cr. credit enhancement fund, . The government is set to unveil a 500-crore credit enhancement fund next month to facilitate at thh infrastructure investments by insurance and pension funds, a senior Finance Ministry official said. The fund was first announced in the Budget for fiscal year 2016-17. India is launching a dedicated fund, may be next month, to provide credit enhancement for infrastructure projects which will help in upgrading credit ratings of bonds issued by infrastructure hecompanies and facilitate investment from investors like pension and insurance funds. The initial corpus of the fund, to be sponsored by IIFCL (India Infrastructure Finance Company), will be 500 crore, and it will operate as a non-banking finance company. . e ar k h ent Bond rating There is a "mismatch" at present, where bonds floated by infrastructure finance firms are typically rated BBB, whereas regulatory agencies mandate a rating of at least 'AA' for investments by the long-term pension and insurance funds. IIFCL will hold a 22.5% stake in the NBFC, while the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has offered to pick up a 10%. SBI, Bank of Baroda and LIC will also have stakes in the firm tis


  26. LT want teo he starting at thh he e ar k h that en thec