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21st June 2018 Part-2: Daily News Analysis course
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UNHRC, Israel and Palestine background explained

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

Unacademy user
Sir, I am very thankful for your great Videos that had helped me to do well in my UPSC prelims exam. You were always a great motivator and definitely an amazing teacher. I wish all good in your UPSC exam and thereafter your career. As a loyal student of you from Kerala, I would like to request you to please do your videos in English as you were doing them earlier. As I am from South India, I have difficulties in understanding Hindi well and it takes me a lot of time to understand your teachings and thereafter make notes. Sir, please consider people like me who had depended immensely on your teachings and explanations but are not fluent in Hindi. Hopefully, I make this request. Always thankful to you Sir. All my prayers and wishes. Many Thanks, Aashish.
I wonder who'll teach us this way once Jatin Sir becomes an IAS😊
vry welly explained sir the issue of UNHRC... your way of xplaining is really helpful for understanding issues of international politics for beginners... ThankU🙇
Hi JV. Barack Obama was given the nobel peace prize in 2009 and not in 2012-14. Thank you for that knowledgeable lesson.
who is US to consider any place a country or not ? why is THE US always tries to be the head of world
  1. want teo he starting Page 1: U.S. quits UN human rights bod . The United States announced its withdrawal from the United Nations Human Rights Council at thh (UNHRC) terming it "hypocritical and self-serving." U.S. Secretary of State and U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations blamed the UNHRC for bias against Israel and refusing to eject members who are violators of human rights Announcing the decision at the State Department, the officials named Russia, China, Cuba and heEgypt for thwarting U.S. efforts to reform the Council. The UNHRC has been among the targets of President Donald Trump's politics against global organisations and treaties Under his presidency, the US. has withdrawn from the UN. climate treaty and the UNESCO. e ar ent Fact check: UNHRC was founded in 2006. Then President George W. Bush was dismissive of the body. Under President Barack Obama, the U.S. joined it in 2009. . tis that

  2. Page 10 News: U.S. exits from UN human rights bod . The 47 members are elected to serve three-year terms on the Council. The U.N. body also focused on the situation in Jammu and Kashmir in a report recently. Venezuela, China, Cuba and the Democratic Republic of Congo were the countries that were named, but Saudi Arabia, a close ally of the Trump administration and a member of the UNHRC . Paccused of human rights violations was not mentioned. he. The latest confrontation between the U.S. and UNHRC followed the body's criticism of Israel in the aftermath of the recent killing of protesters in the Gaza Strip. The U.S. decision also comes against the backdrop of global criticism of the Trump administration's policy of separating children and parents detained for illegally entering the U.S. UN human rights chief asked to halt America's "unconscionable" policy 2 .Sequence of events in this case: US recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital in u December 2017

  3. want teo he starting .Background: May 2018 at thh Israel railed against the U.N. Human Rights Council as it voted to set up a probe into recent killings in Gaza and accused Israel of excessive use of force The resolution to send a commission of inquiry to investigate was rejected by the United States re and Australia, but backed by 29 members of the 47-state U.N. forum. Another 14 countries, including Britain, Germany and Japan, abstained Israel's ambassador in Geneva, Aviva Raz Shechter, castigated the council for "spreading lies against Israel" during "five hours of ludicrous statements". e ar k h ent The UN human rights chief says Israel used "wholly disproportionate" force against Palestinian border protests which have left over 100 people dead. Zeid Raad al-Hussein told a meeting in Geneva that Gazans were effectively "caged in a toxic slum" and Gaza's occupation by Israel had to end Israel's ambassador said Gaza's militant Islamist rulers had deliberately put people in harm's way . stay The UN's Human Rights Council voted to set up an independent investigation. tis

  4. want teo he starting Background: The UNESCO, which designates world heritage spots, accorded recognition in 2011 to Palestine as its 195th member. Lake Tiberia at thh WEST BANK Tiberias & GAZA Haifa Nazareth Under Israeli occupation ISRAEL ELoAtula since 1967 1949 Armistice Ever since, controversies over the historical re s of the region's religious symbols, that he have divided the Palestinian Authority and (Green Line Palestinian Authority Israeli control Wall/fence Roads Tulkarm Israell settiement Israel, have come into sharp focus. Washington, long opposed to the admission of Palestine to world bodies until the question of TelAvm@.t E&ESTBANK Tel Avivo e ar k h ent 10 20m its UN membership was resolved, promptly 0 10 20 30 km Jerusalem slashed funding, amounting to about a quarter of UNESCO's annual budget. em/ The 2012 elevation to a non-member observer Gaz Gat GAZA status at the UN came as a shot in the arm for Palestinians demanding separate statehood. Beersheba EGYPT that en thec

  5. want teo he starting Lake Tiberia Disappearing Palestine WETABANK at thh Tiberias Nazareth Under Israeli occupation since 1967 ISRAEL Israeli & Occupied Afula Israeli Land Israeli Land Jewish Settlements Palestinian Land -1949 Armistice Green Line) Palestinian Palestinian Land Land Palestinian- Palestinian Authority Israeli control re he Wall/tence Roads Tulkarm Israeli settlement ESTINE WEST BANK e ar k h 0 10 20m Ram 0 10 20 30km PALESTINE ISRAEL ISRAEL ISRAEL Jerusalem os em Qiryat Gat Dead Gaz GAZA Partition Plan, 1947 1949- 1967 resent 1947 EGYPT that en thec

  6. want teo he starting Page 2: Rajasthan focuses on waterbodies at thh With the NITI Aayog giving an improved ranking to Rajasthan in water management index, the State has laid emphasis on restoration of irrigation potential of waterbodies and revival of the traditional water sources, besides expediting the ambitious Eastern Rajasthan Canal Project to nterlink three maior rivers The NITI Aayog, which had ranked Rajasthan 13th in the country in the base year, 2015-16, has he given 10th spot to the State in the composite water management index in 2016-17, making the improvement in ranking the highest in the country Water index indicators e ar k h ent The indicators in water index were grouped into nine broad themes, which included the source augmentation and restoration of waterbodies, major and medium irrigation supply side management, rural drinking water arrangement, urban water supply and sanitation. Rajasthan ranked top on some of these parameters Rajasthan River Basin and Water Resources Planning Authority chairperson said that the Jal Swavlamban Abhiyan launched for the water sector in 2016 had helped restore most of the irrigation potential of the identified water bodies largely through community-managed ponds and tanks. . tis that

  7. want teo he starting LT Page 2: Rajasthan focuses on waterbodies Water index indicators (contd. at thh The NITI Aayog gave rankings to the States based on the first-ever assessment and analysis of its kind for the composite water sector scenario, for which the data was collected for two years The comprehensive document was published last month, l of 12,000 villages had been covered with the Jal Swavlamban Abhiyan in its three phases, hewhile the survey for the fourth phase had started Jal Swavalamban Abhivan (JSA It is a programme of Rajasthan Government e ar k h ent It has turned out to be a success in Pratapgarh district . In the district (1) the groundwater table has increased (2) green agricultural fields have expanded and (3) no tankers with drinking water had to be sent to as many as 94 villages this year tis that en thec

  8. want teo he starting Page 2: Centre urged to withdraw appeal at thh Punjab Chief Minister urged the Centre to withdraw its appeal in the Punjab and Haryana High Court against the award of compensation to those arrested and detained in the Jodhpur prison following the 'Operation Bluestar' in 1984. Central government is appealed to pay, without further delay, half the compensation amount of 4.5 crore that was awarded by the District and Sessions Court of Amritsar in April last year. In a letter to Union Home Minister, the Chief Minister said the central government's appeal against the compensation had evoked a strong reaction amongst the Sikh community re he. e ar k h ent tis that

  9. want teo he starting Page 2: Compensation raised . The Punjab government on Wednesday raised the compensation for damaged crops due to bad at thh weather from 78,000 to 12,000 per acre. 2.000 per acre for damaged The state government has enhanced the compensation from 8.000 to crops from 76 to 100 per cent damaged due to inclement weather. . PThe enhanced compensation will be big relief for the farmers, he said adding, that the order wil he come into effect from June 2017. e ar k h ent tis that

  10. Page 3: Odisha to regularise illegal constructions The Odisha government announced an amnesty scheme for unauthorised construction undertaken in nine major urban centres across the State Paradip, Kalinganagar, Rourkela and Talcher-Angul-Meramundali, an unauthorised construction can be regularised if it meets the fire safety requirements under the provisions of Odisha Fire Prevention and Safety Rules, 2017 .Also, the building has to be structurally safe, should not affect public interest or safety or interfere la with any public activities, nor should it contradict provisions of any other Act, rules and regulations. Compounding charges .Residential buildings (non-high-rise) constructed over an area of up to 300 sq. m can be regularised it with 100% ground coverage on payment of applicable compounding charges. .For clinical establishments, the Housing and Urban Development Department said, the minimum ' requirement of access road would be reduced to six metres if the establishment has a plot size above 200 sq. m and up to 1,000 sq. m The applications have to be accompanied by self-assessed compounding fee, as per the rates prescribed, and the same will be deposited with the development authority concerned in one instalment only . .The funds collected under this scheme would be spent on development of parking infrastructure in the nine centres.

  11. want teo he starting Page 6 Nation: Shillong bags Smart City ta at thh As the Smart Cities Mission enters its fourth year, the Centre has finally announced the 100th and the last city which will be part of the project: Shillong. This announcement also sets the end date for the mission as June 2023, as every city gets five years to complete its projects, according to a senior mission official. The first 20 cities were selected in January 2016, and they should now be at the halfway point of their mission 2.5%) fund spent The total proposed investment in the 100 cities will be 2.05 lakh crore, according to a statement by he the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs issued on Wednesday. Until May 2018, about 2.5% of that amount 5,225 crore has been spent on 316 completed projects, K according to senior officials. Another 632 projects are under implementation, at a cost of about ent 25,000 crore. The entire life cycle of a project must be taken into account. Three years have gone by, but the first one-and-a-half years were used to put the foundational elements in place. Simply creating infrastructure without an SOP [statement of purpose] and guidelines is of no use. . Each selected city is required to set up a Special Purpose Vehicle which will actually carry out the mission, a process that takes at least six months. tis

  12. want teo he starting Page 6 Nation: India, South Korea to align policies for Southeast Asia at thh India and South Korea will align their policies for the region during the visit of South Korean President to India next month. When President visits New Delhi and holds summit with Prime Minister, they will link their own initiatives, Modi's Act East policy and Moon's New Southern policy. So it will be a very re comprehensive. eLast November, South Korean President unveiled the "New Southern policy" aimed at deepening ties with southeast Asia as part of efforts to diversify trade. This complements the Modi government's Act East Policy of deepening strategic ties with southeast Asian nations. e ar k h ent . Stating that the two countries were looking for expanding cooperation in security and defence industries. There are many initiatives to be agreed to at the summit. We are expecting around 20 Memorandum ur of Understanding (MoU) among other outcomes. tis that en thec

  13. want teo he starting Page 7 Nation: India's first river interlinking project caught in U.P.-M.P. tussle (contd . Phase 1 involves building a 77 m-tall and a 2 km-wide dam, the Dhaudhan dam, and a 230 km canal at thh to transfer extra water from the Ken river for irrigating 3.64 lakh hectares in the Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Originally, this phase envisaged irrigating 6,35,661 ha annually (3,69,881 ha in M.P. and 2,65,780 ha in U. P.). In addition, the project was to provide 49 million cubic metres (MCM) of water for en route drinking water supply, he 'No longer valid' While there's a 2005 agreement between Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh on how water would* be shared, Madhya Pradesh said last year that these assumptions were no longer valid and the only way to meet increased water requirements would be to include certain local water management projects the Kotha barrage, Lower Orr and Bina complex that were envisaged in the second phase of the project in the first phase. e ar ent In theory, this could mean a completely fresh environmental appraisal. The Central Water Commission is yet to officially take a call, though government sources say the Centre is agreeable to the change. However, new demands by Madhya Pradesh for more water during the Rabi season are yet to be negotiated. tis

  14. want teo he starting Page 7 Nation: Survey of 'disputed land in Shillong begins (contd.) Against relocation at thh General secretary of Punjabi Lane's Gurdwara Committee, said the Dalit or Mazhabi Sikhs have been living there since 1853 when the British brought them as soldiers or sanitation workers He said "This used to be a wasteland owned by the Khasi royalty, who made an agreement with the Bish rulers and donated the land for our ancestors to stay. This is our land and we are not going anywhere,". Residents said real estate dealers and local leaders have been conspiring to eject them and build a shopping complex on the land e ar k h ent tis that en thec

  15. want teo he starting Page 10 News: PM reaffirms promise to raise farm income (contd. 'Publicity trick'(contd.) . Even while the Prime Minister was speaking on video this morning, 25 farmers in Tamil Nadu were at thh being arrested as they gathered to protest against the forced acquisition of farmland for the eight- lane Chennai-Salem highway," said joint secretary of the CPI(M)-affiliated All India Kisan Sabha. re he e ar k h ent tis that en thec

  16. Page 10 News: China offers to boost ties between India and Pakistan -without explicitly proposing a trilateral dialogue among India, Pakistan and China, Beijing on at thh Wednesday offered to "strengthen" its cooperation with New Delhi and Islamabad to bolster "stability" in the region. "Both India and Pakistan are China's neighbours and friends. China is willing to conduct relations p with all our neighbours, including Pakistan and India, to strengthen our cooperation for better he development and stability in the region Without abandoning the prospects of a trilateral meeting altogether, the Chinese Foreign Ministry seemed to step back from explicit offer of a meeting among China, India and Pakistan, made by its Ambassador in New Delhi. India, China, and Pakistan can have some kind of trilateral summit on the sidelines of the SCO. So, if China, Russia and Mongolia can have a trilateral summit, then why not India, China, and Pakistan India was exploring the possibility of connectivity to Central Asia through the Pakistan-Afghan corridor, under the SCO framework. The SCO has been working on connectivity among its member countries. Now that India and Pakistan are both members, it provides New Delhi with a fresh opportunity to reach out to Central Asia across the Pakistani corridor. e ar k h ent Is

  17. want teo he starting Page 10 News: Court orders arrest of Mallya at thh A special court ordered the arrest of fugitive liquor baron Vijay Mallya for his alleged involvement in a case of money laundering and cheating a consortium of banks of over 6,000 crore Special Judge issued a non-bailable warrant for Mallya's arrest, taking cognisance of a fresh charge sheet filed against him and others by the Enforcement Directorate, The court also issued summons to Mr. Mallya's firms, Kingfisher Airlines (KFA) and United heBreweries Holdings Ltd. (UBHL), before adjourning to the next hearing. The agency has filed the charge sheet under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act, naming Mallya, his firms KFA and UBHL besides others The ED had last year filed its first charge sheet against Mr. Mallya, now in London, in the alleged 900-crore IDBI Bank-Kingfisher Airlines loan fraud case. The fresh charge sheet revolves around the complaint received from the State Bank of India on behalf of the consortium of banks for causing a loss of 6,027 crore to them by not keeping repayment commitments of the loans taken during 2005-10. . ent tis that

  18. want teo he starting Page 11 News: India contests overstayers' figures (contd. at thh New Delhi's demands for "easier norms" as part of a "constant conversation" between the two countries could not be dealt with without India addressing the issue of "overstayers," Allegations that India and visitors have misused the system is an enormous roadblock in the way of having some kind of special trade relationship PThe decision to exclude students from the visa changes as a "retrograde step." he The Labour Party has also condemned the exclusion of India. "The government's approach to Indian student visas is discriminatory and counter-productive. UK benefits hugely from the presence of overseas students. Indian students have not been included in the liberalised tier 4 visas. Now we could say that's linked to the MOU not being signed on illegal returns but I want to tell everyone that our cooperation with the UK on this subject is very robust. e ar k h ent tis that

  19. want teo he starting Page 11 News: Congress seeks fair election . The opposition is not hopeful that early elections will be held in Kashmir, while National at thh Conference leader has demanded that a democratic government be installed in the State at the earliest. There should be a government in Jammu and Kashmir which will actually represents the State There was the pitiable turnout in the Lok Sabha bypoll. he. The Governor and the Government of India is asked to ensure that congenial atmosphere is maintained to enable election The opposition posed seven questions to the Modi government on its future plans for the State .During the 48 months since May 26, 2014 when the current government had been in power, 379 e ar k h ent jawans have been martyred and 239 civilians were killed in the State. During the last 48 months of Congress rule, 139 jawans were martyred and 78 civilians killed. In the past 48 months, there had been 3,000 ceasefire violations by Pakistan compared with 563 during ur the last 48 months of the Congress government. tis that

  20. want teo he starting Page 12 World: Oli's China visit to focus on connectivit at thh Nepal's Prime Minister's visit to China will focus on advancing cross-border connectivity, including through a railway corridor to Kathmandu, which could be extended to India in the future. . Nepal's Prime Minister said that during his visit, which will also take him to Lhasa, he would focus on a Trans-Himalayan transport corridor. re "Two countries have common views on the concept of Trans-Himalayan Multi-Dimensional he Transport Network. Based on this broad framework, we want to seek cooperation with China on cross-border connectivity of railway, road, transmission lines and other related areas for mutual benefit," he observed. Nepal has been seeking improved connectivity with China via Tibet, after New Delhi was accused of blockading essential supplies across the India-Nepal border in 2015 e ar . ent A balancing act Nepal has been trying to establish a "balance" between Nepal's ties with India and China, whichour has also included symbolic gestures such as choosing to visit New Delhi first after becoming Prime Minster for the second time Nepal had recently proposed some infrastructure projects covering roads, railway, energy transmission lines with China under the Beijing-led Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) In April, Chinese Foreign Minister had alluded to the formation of the Trans-Himalayan economic corridor that could be extended to India tis

  21. want teo he starting Page 12 World: Kim, Xi agree on resolution of kev issues . North Korea and China came to an understanding on issues discussed at a summit of the two at thh leaders, including denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula. North Korea and China assessed the historic meeting North Korea had with U.S. and exchanged opinions on wavs to resolve the issue of denuclearization. North Korea also promised during a meeting with China in Beijing to cooperate with Chinese officials to secure "true peace" in the process of "opening a new future" on the Korean peninsula. he Joint exercises The U.S. and South Korea agreed to suspend a joint military exercise set for August. South Korean Foreign Minister said the decision to suspend the exercise could be reconsidered, based on future developments with North Korea e ar k h ent . It was widely expected that North Korean would visit Beijing to brief Beijing on his summit with U.S., which included Pyongyang agreeing to hand over the remains of troops missing from the 1950-53 Korean War. .North Korea could start that process within the next few davs. tis that

  22. want teo he starting Page 12 World: Trump order to end separation of families . U.S. President said he would sign an executive order on immigration to end the separation of at thh immigrant families at the U.S.-Mexico border, which has sparked outrage in the U.S. and abroad. U.S. President's administration weeks ago began separating hundreds of children from their parents at the border, did not describe the specifics of the order. somewhat pre-emptive but ultimately will be matched by legislation. he Against court order U.S. President was preparing an executive order that ends the separation of families by indefinitely detaining parents and children together, flouting a court settlement that prohibits such a move, according to a person familiar with his plans. e ar k h ent .The House of Representatives plans to vote on two Bills designed to halt the practice of separating families. U.S. President told House Republicans that he would support either of the immigration Bills under consideration but did not give a preference. Both Republican Bills in the House, which Democrats and immigration advocacy groups have blasted, would fund President's border wall and reduce legal migration, in part by denying visas for relatives of U.S. residents and citizens who are living abroad, sometimes referred to as "chain migration". The more conservative Bill from Republican Representative Bob Goodlatte also would deny the chance of future citizenship to "Dreamers", immigrants brought illegally as children tis

  23. want teo he starting at thh Page 13 Business: Bhutan central bank warns citizens not to hold Indian currency in cash .The Royal Monetary Authority (RMA) of Bhutan has warned Bhutanese citizens of the risks of holding Indian currency, saying that it would not be responsible for any future actions such as demonetization, taken by the Reserve Bank of India. RMA has advised the citizens to deposit all their Indian currency in the banks and not to hold it in Cash The RMA had informed the general public to deposit any INR earnings/receipts in their accounts maintained with any commercial banks and refrain from holding the INR currency notes in cash. The RMA shall not be liable or responsible in case of any policy changes by the RBI [Reserve Bank of India], including demonetisation of INR currency notes in the future The Bhutanese central bank also warned citizens of counterfeit R500 notes in the Indian currency and requested the public to be careful while accepting notes of this denomination. Indian currency is legal tender in Bhutan. The RMA also said that, "individual concerns may bring in or take out of Bhutan new series of INR currency notes of denomination R500, subject to the limit of INR 25,000 per person until further notice. p. * re he e ar ent tis that

  24. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Bhutan central bank warns citizens not to hold Indian currency in cash (contd. Reason for notification . The instructions regarding the limits on the movement of the currency are the reason behind the notification being issued m . There has been no new information about any other action by the RBI. The instruction regarding the rcIndian notes were just as a matter of precaution. lag nt bo tI nd that en thec

  25. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Committed to AI divestment: Sinha . The government is committed to the strategic disinvestment of Air India even though the bid at thh process initiated in March failed to attract private players It is still unclear as to when the government plans to have another go at privatising the national m carrier. P Sustenance plan he . In the meantime, the board of directors of Air India will prepare a plan to manage affairs at the airline and subsequently share their financial requirement with the government Nobody expressed any interest in the disinvestment process. So, by that set of circumstances, it is * clear that specific process is over and we have to move forward and consider other alternatives. But there is a need to restart that or any other process depending on appropriate market circumstances. The government cited changing market conditions due to the rise in fuel prices and the weakening of the rupee for the lack of interest in Air India's stake sale e ar ent . . A decision on the carrier's privatisation would be taken when these circumstances improve. .The decision to put Air India's privatisation on the back-burner was taken at a meeting of the group of ministers Interested bidders and industry analysts had raised questions about the government's plan to sell 76% stake in the national carrier and hold on to the remaining share, while passing on debt of 33,392 crore to the buyer, and a lack of clarity on obligations towards Air India employees. tis

  26. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: U.S. imports to attract EU levv from June 22 The European Union will begin charging import duties of 25% on a range of U.S. products on at thh Friday, in response to U.S tariffs imposed on EU steel and aluminium early this month, the European Commission said The move confirms a tit-for-tat dispute that could escalate into a full trade war, particularly if U.S. President carries out his threat to penalise European cars The Commission formally adopted a law putting in place the duties on 2.8 billion ($3.2 billion) worth of U.S. goods, including steel and aluminium products, farm produce such as sweetcorn and peanuts, bourbon, jeans and motor-bikes. he the "unilateral and unjustified" U.S. decision had left the EU with no choice. e ar k h ent EU response is said to be proportionate and in line with World Trade Organization rules and said that they would be removed if Washington removed its metal tariffs. tis that