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27th June 2018 Part-3: Daily News Analysis
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Formaldehyde and Fisheries; Granite and Cluster Development Approach

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

U
Unacademy user
thank you sir !!@!!@@!@!
Project elephant *aim-to provide technical and financial support to major elephant bearing states *launched in 1992 *by MoEF *it has 3 key areas 1. Protection of wild elephants, their habitats and corridors 2. Address the issue of man-animal conflict 3. Welfare of domesticated elephants *It is being implemented in 16 states Orissa, AP, Chattisgarh, Assam, MH, JK, WB, Karnataka, UK, KERALA, UP, TN, Meghalaya, Nagaland
correction 2: pencil me graphite hota hai jo ek carbon ka crystal structure hai... while lead is whole different element.
Advantages of CDA 1.helps to overcome disadvantages of economies of scale and weak capital 2. faster decision making 3. Sharing of knowledge and best practices 4. Better cost effectiveness 5. Geographic proximity of industries with similar products 6. Inter firm cooperation
hello sir, telegram group nhi mil rha 😐 .Can you share link of telegram group.
Preet kaur
8 months ago
https://t.me/jatinverma05/895
Abhijeet Sengupta
8 months ago
but ye to channel hai na..group bhi hai koi?
Shilpi chaudhary
8 months ago
sir ne kaha to tha ki group bhi h where you can get and share exam related material. but group nhi Mila ...
Preet kaur
8 months ago
nhi h aur koi group telegram. fb group h bss ik yhi name se.
Abhijeet Sengupta
8 months ago
yup lagta hai sir ne dono points mix kar diye...sir fb group ki hi baat kar rahe the..:)
Ranjeet Yadav
8 months ago
Group telegram pr bhi hai same name se
Shilpi chaudhary
8 months ago
group ka link send krna ....
Ranjeet Yadav
8 months ago
aapko add kr skta hoon invite krke link se nahi join nhin hoga
Shilpi chaudhary
8 months ago
@Iasaspirant01
Preet kaur
8 months ago
hey shilpi.. add me too .. @preetkaur95
Shilpi chaudhary
8 months ago
done
Abhijeet Sengupta
8 months ago
can someone please add me too @abhijeet44t
Preet kaur
8 months ago
added
Abhijeet Sengupta
8 months ago
thank you:)
Ayushi Sharma
8 months ago
Someone please.. add me too @ayushi99
Preet kaur
8 months ago
added
Om Sunny
8 months ago
pls add me telegram group @om287
Shilpi chaudhary
8 months ago
done
Nakul Bhatt
8 months ago
plz add me too @nakulbhatt0449
Om Sunny
8 months ago
thanku
Please add me my username is Hemanthkumar1
Raghav S
8 months ago
can someone pls add me to the group.? @iamraghav89 (https://t.me/iamraghav89) . thanks in advance.
Ranjeet Yadav
8 months ago
please change your (@iamraghav89) privacy setting
Raghav S
8 months ago
Changed ranjit. Now you can add me.
Rahul BAMNIA
7 months ago
please add me too @bamniarahul
Shilpi chaudhary
6 months ago
Some one plz add me again @C8215
CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT (i) To support the sustainability and growth of MSEs by addressing common issues such as improvement of technology, skills and quality, market access, access to capital, etc. (ii) To build capacity of MSEs for common supportive action through formation of self help groups, consortia, upgradation of associations, etc. (iii) To create/upgrade infrastructural facilities in the new/existing industrial areas/ clusters of MSEs with GoI grant restricted to 60% of the cost of project of Rs 10.00 crore. GoI grant will be 80% for projects in NE & Hill States, industrial areas/ estates with more than 50% (a)micro (b) women owned (c) SC/ST units. (iv) To set up common facility centres (for testing, training centre, raw material depot, effluent treatment, complementing production processes, etc) with GoI grant restricted to 70% of the cost of project of maximum Rs 15.00 crore. GoI grant will be 90% for CFCs in NE & Hill States, Clusters with more than 50% (a) micro/ village (b) women owned (c) SC/ST units.
  1. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 but thh Important News Articles (Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base) Page 1: After aid for defence buys, India gifts plane to Seychelles Page 1: U.S. top court upholds travel ban Page 12 World News: Conservative-majority court hands Trump a big legal win y has P 3 North News: Medical students in Haryana to sign up to f7.5 lakh bond he * Page 3 North News: Akali Dal protests against high fuel taxes in Punjah Page 3 North News: Mills in Mandi Gobindgarh told to install smoke-control devices Page 5 East News: Cauvery meet expected to give plan of action for July Page 5 South News: Formalin-laced seafood seized in Kerala Page 5 South News: Granite cluster to come up in Karimnagar Page 7 Nation News: NGOs on ED watchlist for funding Naxals Page 7 Nation News: Elephantine threat: Assam considering sedation, relocation for aggressive animals Page 7 Nation News: PeruvaT. N. Assembly says no to Dam Safety Bill Page 10 News: House panel flags stagnation in lending Page 10 News: Russia-related sanctions to dominate 2+2 talks hink h causeb ferent a pu rk and t stay is ch Page 12 World News: 'China proposed 2+1 format for India talks ed


  2. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 but thh Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the bas<e Page 11 News: India most unsafe for women: poll Page 12 World News: 'Illegal migrants won't be referred for prosecution y has pPage 12 World News: 'Harley's business will be hit if it moves production' he * Page 12 World News: Brexit Bill becomes law reve Page 13 Business News: 'Reviving economy faces risks' Page 13 Business News: Modi urges AIIB to boost lending 10 fold to $40 bn Page 13 Business News: 'Reforms in public sector banks have taken a back seat' hink h causeb ferent a pu t stay


  3. want te be startin to Page 5 South News: Formalin-laced seafood seized in Kerala at thh The State Food Safety wing officials during inspection seized 6,000 kg of fish preserved using formalin (formaldehyde) at the inter-State border check-post at Walayar in Palakkad The seized fish, prawn/shrimp, had been brought in from Andhra Pradesh and preliminary examination using rapid detection strip tests, developed by the Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (CIFT), revealed the presence of formalin in the fish. he . Following this, samples were collected and sent for detailed analysis at the CIFT lab The team inspected 45 vehicles that were found to be transporting fish. Operation Sagar Rani had been launched by the Food Safety department last year to ensure the safety of fish sold in the market and to ensure that it was handled hygienically at the handling and distribution centres developed by CIFT can detect both chemicals who are importing fish from neighbouring States. Formaldehyde"s formula is HCHO ent Ammonia and formaldehyde are commonly used to increase the shelf life of fish. The strip test Food Safety officials suspect that toxic preservatives are being used by people/traders in Kerala Formalin: A solution of 35% to 40% of water in formaldehyde or methanal is called formalin. stay As formalin is a strong disinfectant and tissue hardener. It is used for preserving biological and anatomical specimens. Is It is also used as an antiseptic in sterilising surgical instruments.


  4. to Page 5 South News: Granite cluster to come up in Karimnagar . To infuse life into the granite industry, which is reeling under a crisis due to fall in exports from at thh Karimnagar district, the Centre has decided to adopt the cluster development approach (CDA). It is meant to help enhance productivity and competitiveness as well as capacity-building of entrepreneurs of the industry in Karimnagar district the outskirts of Karimnagar town cluster at a cost of 5 crore, which would include 70% assistance from the Centre, 10% from- re . Accordingly, the first-of-its-kind granite cluster in Telangana is coming up at Bahupeta village on . The Union Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) has decided to set up the ent State govt and 20% by the local granite industry. * The aim of cluster development approach is to provide sustainability and growth of granite units ur by addressing common issues such as improvement of technology, skills, quality, market access and access to capital (bank loans). treatment plant. the cutting of rocks for making bricks and market them * Common facilities would be set up, i.e. centre for testing, training, raw material depot and effluent- As part of the cluster, the granite units would be encouraged to utilise granite dust produced during Is


  5. . Presently, the dust is stored in the vicinity of the granite polishing units by digging pits. Hereafter, the dust would be used for making bricks and sold at cheaper rates for the construction sector. Besides, the CDA approach would encourage entrepreneurs to utilise all the by-products of the 6 granite industry such as broken stone blocks to make jalli for construction and for laying roads. The CDA would also help in providing more employment to skilled and unskilled labourers in the he region e ar k h


  6. to Page 7 Nation News: NGOs on ED watchlist for funding Naxals at thh Expanding its investigations from the Bihar-Jharkhand region to Chhattisgarh, the Enforcement Directorate has zeroed in on some non-govt organisations (NGOs) that are suspected to have funded Naxal operatives in the State. The agency is preparing a list of such NGOs to examine their financial dealings, as they are already on the radar of security and police agencies. re The action is being taken following several rounds of multi-agency meetings on devising a coordinated strategy to choke funding to Naxal operatives in various States. .Top police officers of Odisha, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal, e ar besides senior functionaries of the ED, National Investigation Agency and the Intelligence Bureau, had held a meeting with the Union Home Secretary last month. ent The ED has also identified some prominent industrial houses that paid protection money to the banned outfit. It is learnt that their functionaries w soon be summoned for recording their ui statements . The agency has found that several Naxal leaders operating in Bihar and Jharkhand extorted money and laundered the funds, acquiring movable and immovable assets. . Properties worth crores have been attached under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act over stay the past few months. Is


  7. to Page 7 Nation News: Elephantine threat: Assam considering sedation, relocation for aggressive animals . Two herds of aggressive elephants and a lone rogue may be sedated for a sobering effect and* Assam wildlife officials are keen on replicating their Uttarakhand counterparts' jumbo-relocation relocated re experiment for reducing man-elephant conflicts in western Assam About half of 58 elephant corridors in the northeast, comprising 35% of the country's, are in Assam. More than 15 of these corridors, used by an estimated 9,350 elephants, are under the Northeast Frontier Railway, Human habitations and barriers such as electric fences and trenches have blocked some of these corridors that once enabled movement of the two herds comprising 40-50 elephants between Assam's Goalpara district and Garo Hills of Meghalaya. e ar 17 people killed Goalpara has 103 reserve forests, covering 20% of the district's landmass. Most of these, elephants have been forced to move about in a 300 sq km area for more than two years now. Cornered, the herds and a lone makhna male without tusks - have turned aggressive, raiding villages and killing at least 17 people this year. More worrying is the fact that conflicts are happening throughout the year, instead of winter months as in the past. Is


  8. The gravity of the problem in Goalpara made the State forest department call all wildlife officials k and veterinarians for a meeting on Monday to work out strategies. . The Brahmaputra Valley is very narrow and does not have space for so many elephants and humans to coexist without conflicts. This is an intractable problem since elephants find their movement blocked almost everywhere e One of the strategies was translocation of the rogue loner and other 'troublemakers' in the herds. The fact that scores of reserve forests and proposed reserve forests in the district are fragmented and interspersed with villages and illegal fishermen controlling a 50 sq km wetland called Urpad * Beel, which the elephants used to wallow in, have complicated matter:s e ar k h ent Is


  9. to Page 7 Nation News: Peruva T. N. Assembly savs no to Dam Safetv Bill at thh T. N. Assembly has unanimously adopted a special resolution urging the Centre to keep the Dam Safety Bill, 2018, in abeyance until the concerns raised over the legislation by Tamil Nadu and * other States are addressed. Issue of State's rights The resolution contended that certain clauses of the Bill affected the interests of Tamil Nadu and hecould potentially affect the State's rights on control and maintenance of dams located in neighbouring States. Listing the steps being taken by Tamil Nadu to increase the height of the Mullaperiyar dam to 152 e ar feet from its current height of 142 feet following a SC's judgment, the CM said that the draft Bill, in the guise of facilitating dam safety, would affect the State's prospects in controlling the . Mullaperiyar, Parambikulam, Thoonakkadavu and Peruvaripallam dams. Noting that every State already had a designated body for dam safety, which was functioning in line with the guidelines of the Central Water Commission, the State govt contended that the proposed National Dam Safety Authority and the National Committee on Dam Safety would not be able to resolve disputes over the operation of dams. Though the Centre had proposed a Bill on dam safety in 2010 and sought inputs from Tamil Nadu. the State opposed the Bill, and the proposal was eventually dropped. Is


  10. to Page 10 News: House panel flags stagnation in lending . Parliament's Standing Committee on Finance raised concerns about "stagnation in lending at thh operations" of State-owned banks during a meeting with representatives of 11 public sector banks. The 11 banks are under the RBI's watchlist for mounting bad loans The representatives of the banks indicated that by 2020 they would be in a more stable condition. re he . The banking sector is grappling with rising NPAs, which touched Rs. 8.99 lakh crore or 10.11% of total advances at the end of December 2017. * Of the total gross NPAs, public sector banks accounted for Rs. 7.77 lakh crore Rising frauds . The number of frauds reported by banks increased from 4,693 in 2015-16 to 5,904 in 2017-18. . The fraud amount at end-March 2018 was Rs. 32,361.27 crore, up from Rs. 18,698.8 crore at the e ar k h ent end of 2015-16. The Standing Committee is in the process of wrapping up its report before the monsoon session begins next month. Is


  11. to Page 10 News: Russia-related sanctions to dominate 2+2 talks at thh When India and U.S. hold their first 2+2 Dialogue involving the External Affairs and Defence Ministers and their counterparts, one of the key issues would be questions regarding the recent Russia-related sanctions that have now come up as a key impediment for India's defence modernisation An MEA statement last week said the two sides will share perspectives on strengthening their p re he strategic and security ties and exchange views on a range of bilateral, regional and global issues of The impact of CAATSA (Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act) is still being U.S. Senate had passed the National Defence Authorisation Act (NDAA) 2019 without any waiver mutual interest, assessed in the military circles even as policy moves from the U.S. have not been reassuring. e ar k h provisions under CAATSA for countries having significant defence relations with Russia No waivers The House version which was passed earlier had allowed limited waiver, which did not find place in the Senate version. The House version allows for waivers for 180 days, provided the administration certifies that the country in question is scaling back its ties with Russia Even this would be tough for India, as it would be extremely difficult to scale down its relations with Russia Is


  12. want te be starting sa . According to indications, the Indian side will firmly place its objections to CAATSA during the 2+2 Dialogue as practically all major defence deals in the pipeline between India and the U.S. would be held up due to this. The Defence Minister had said that India and Russia's defence cooperation is a time-tested relationship. He mentioned that CAATSA cannot impact the India-Russia defence cooperation re e ar k h ent Is


  13. During Mr. Oli's visit, it had become evident that China was inclined to fulfill its ambitious agenda with Nepal gradually, after ensuring that such steps were in sync with India's interests. Analysts say, that the Nepali side has understood the "big picture", appreciating that China is keen 8 to build bridges with India, as Beijing's friction with the U.S. under the Trump administration begins to mount. Besides, bringing India on board is essential for enhanced regional connectivity, including a trans- he imalayan corridor through Nepal, if President Xi's Belt and Road Initiative is to achieve its full potential


  14. want to he startin to Page 12 World News: "Harley's business will be hit if it moves production' at thh Harley-Davidson had said that it will move production of motorcycles shipped to the EU from the U.S. to its international facilities and forecast that the trading bloc's tariffs would cost the company S90 million to $100 million a year. . Now, Trump has threatened Harley-Davidson Inc with higher taxes and said their business would It was unclear what taxes Mr. Trump was referring to, and why the company might have to pay . Mr. Trump said that, "Early this year Harley-Davidson said they would move much of their plant suffer in a public backlash over its decision to move production for European customers overseas. re them since it intends to maintain production in the U.S. as well operations in Kansas City to Thailand. That was long before Tariffs were announced. Hence, they were just using Tariffs/Trade War as an excuse." > The Milwaukee-based company decided to build the Thailand plant last year after Mr. Trump k h ent pulled out from the Trans-Pacific Partnership, which would have lowered import tariffs on its ,ur bikes in some of the fastest-growing motorcycle markets in Asia. In January, the company said it would close a plant in Kansas City, Missouri, due to a sharp stay drop in motorcycle shipments. But, contrary to Mr. Trump's statement, it did not say at the time it was moving the operation to Thailand. . Harley said ramping up production overseas could take at least nine to 18 months. It has three assembly plants outside the U.S., one each in Brazil, India and Thailand. Is


  15. to Page 13 Business News: "Reviving economy faces risks' at thh RBI has observed that the 7.7% GDP growth in the last quarter indicates the economy is well on the recovery track, on the back of a sharp pick-up in gross fixed capital formation, but warned gathering headwinds including fiscal and current account challenges posed risks to the economic momentum RBI, in its Financial Stability Report, said that: re he There has been an uptick in capacity utilisation with some industries, i.e. steel, closing the gap. The aggregate demand composition indicates a broad-based growth with revival of investment. At the same time, the conditions that had resulted in fiscal consolidation, moderation in * inflation and a benign current account, were changing, warranting caution. e ar k h >>Specifically, RBI warned that the progress achieved on fiscal consolidation could face: challenges unless there was buoyancy in tax receipts and restraint on expenditure. The widening current account deficit: the shortfall widened in 2017-18 on the back of a wider ,u, trade deficit, was also a challenge as it impacted exporters' cost-effective access to U.S. dollar credit, > While aggregate export credit increased moderately between March and December 2017, it was critical to ensure that public sector banks had continued access to global money markets as they contributed about 45% of the export credit. Is


  16. to External risks at thh Enhanced supply of export credit from private sector banks, foreign banks and non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) could offset the potential adverse impact on trade credit. Externally, tightening liquidity conditions in developed markets were impacting emerging market currencies, bonds and capital flows. p Firming commodity prices, evolving geopolitical developments and rising protectionist sentiments re he were added riskS e ar k h ent Is


  17. to Page 13 Business News: Modi urges AIIB to boost lending 10 fold to $40 bn at th i PM Modi has urged the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIB) to boost lending tenfold to $40 billion by 2020, and to $100 billion by 2025, in order to speed up infrastructure financing Addressing the third annual meeting of the China-backed multilateral lender, Mr. Modi sought to he Mr. Modi cited a recent sovereign ratings upgrade as reflective of the country's strong economic across the region woo investors by highlighting India's economic progress and policy environment. re fundamentals. He said > India has emerged as a bright spot in the global economy which is driving global growth as well ent India has liberalised the FDI regime. Most sectors are on automatic approval route. > The size and growth of the Indian market holds much potential and the country's per capita ,u ome had doubled in the last decade The size and scale of requirement in India gives the added advantage of economies of scale for i nco . investors The AlIB started operations in January 2016 and has so far approved 25 projects in a dozen countries with a total financing of more than $4 billion, which Mr. Modi described as a 'good beginning. Is


  18. to Page 13 Business News: Reforms in public sector banks have taken a back seat at th RBI deputy governor, in his foreword to the Financial Stability report, said that: o The Centre's initiative to reform public sector banks, begun in 2015 with the Indradhanush programme, appears to have lost steam While the Centre's decision to frontload capital infusion in public sector banks should impart re robustness, governance reforms and market capital-raising appear to have again taken the backseat heat the PSBs. If governance reforms are undertaken promptly, it would not only improve the financial * RBI's decision to put 11 under-capitalised banks under prompt corrective action (PCA) was aimed Monitoring needed: The resulting shift of flows of finance to non-bank sources needs to be According to the Report: performance of the banking sector but also help reduce operational risks. at preventing further deterioration and nursing them back to health monitored carefully, e ar ent 6 state-run banks that are under the PCA framework may see their capital adequacy ratio drop below the minimum regulatory level of 9% by March 2019, if there is no further recapitalisation by the Centre. The gross NPA ratio of all commercial banks is likely to rise to 12.2% by March 2019 as compared with 11.6% in March 2018, under the baseline scenario of a macro stress test Is