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GATE Syllabus 2024: Download GATE Syllabus PDF

Are you preparing for the GATE 2024 examination? Find out everything you need to know about the latest GATE 2024 syllabus in detail.

The GATE Exam is an annual computer-based test (CBT) conducted nationwide. In 2024, the GATE exam for 29 different disciplines is scheduled to take place on February 3, 4, 10, and 11. Expect the GATE 2024 results to be announced during the second week of March.

GATE Syllabus 2024

Table of Contents

  1. An Introduction to GATE and GATE Syllabus
  2. GATE Exam Syllabus
  3. GATE Syllabus 2024 – List of Subjects
  4. Download GATE 2024 Syllabus PDF
  5. Are there any changes in the GATE 2024 Syllabus
  6. GATE Syllabus 2024 Subject Wise (Short version)
  7. General Aptitude (GA) Syllabus
  8. GATE Detailed Syllabus for CSIT
  9. GATE Detailed Syllabus for Mechanical
  10. GATE Detailed Syllabus for Civil
  11. GATE Detailed Syllabus for EE
  12. GATE ECE Syllabus
  13. GATE 2024 Important Books
  14. GATE Exam Pattern 2024
  15. Preparation Tips For GATE Syllabus 2024
  16. What is Section Wise Marks Distribution for GATE?
  17. GATE Subject Wise Marks Distribution
  18. FAQs

An Introduction to GATE and GATE Syllabus

GATE or Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is a national-level examination. The Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur (IIT-K) and the other 6 IITs at Chennai, Kanpur, Roorkee, Delhi, Mumbai & Guwahati and the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru conduct the GATE examination on behalf of the National Coordination Board GATE under the Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education (MoE), Government of India. IIT Kanpur is hosting GATE 2023, a computer-based test (CBT).

The GATE test aims to evaluate a candidate’s knowledge and aptitude in preparation for admission to engineering and management programmes. There are 29 papers in the GATE 2024 examination. It must be noted that a candidate is allowed to appear either in one OR up to two papers in the GATE 2024 examination. However, a candidate is only permitted to select the second paper from the pre-defined Two Paper Combination list.

GATE Exam Syllabus 

For the students, passing the GATE exams is essential. Depending on the entrance requirements of the accepting institute, it will decide their admission and financial support to Postgraduate Programs (Master’s and Doctorate) as well as other Governmental Scholarships / Assistantships.

Some PSUs (Public Service Undertakings) also consider the GATE Score while hiring candidates. The results of these tests are also used by many other universities in India and overseas to determine who gets admitted. Understanding a GATE Exam Syllabus would enable students to organize their studies effectively to ace the tests.

GATE Syllabus 2024 – List of Subjects

The GATE Syllabus 2024 is vast and requires a lot of time and effort to prepare for it. So, to make it easy and convenient for the students, we have provided a list of subjects that are covered in GATE Exams. The below-mentioned syllabus is the latest and gives complete access to the special and core topics that are covered under all the subjects.

S.NoGATE Exam Syllabus Code
1GATE Syllabus Aerospace EngineeringAE
2Agricultural Engineering GATE SyllabusAG
3Architecture and Planning [new pattern] – GATE SyllabusAR
4Biomedical Engineering GATE SyllabusBM
5Biotechnology GATE SyllabusBT
6Civil Engineering GATE SyllabusCE
7Chemical Engineering GATE SyllabusCH
8Computer Science and Information Technology GATE SyllabusCS
9GATE Chemistry SyllabusCY
10GATE ECE SyllabusEC
11Electrical Engineering GATE Syllabus EE
12Environmental Science and Engineering GATE SyllabusES
13Ecology and Evolution GATE SyllabusEY
14Geomatics Engineering [New paper] – GATE SyllabusEY
15Geology and GeophysicsGE
16Instrumental Engineering GATE SyllabusIN
17Mathematics GATE SyllabusMA
18Mechanical Engineering GATE SyllabusME
19Mining Engineering GATE SyllabusMN
20Metallurgical Engineering GATE SyllabusMT
21Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering [New paper] – GATE SyllabusNM
22Petroleum Engineering GATE SyllabusPE
23Physics GATE SyllabusPH
24Production and Industrial Engineering – GATE SyllabusPI
25Statistics GATE SyllabusST
26Textile Engineering and Fiber Science GATE SyllabusTF
27Engineering Sciences GATE SyllabusXE
28Humanities and Social Sciences GATE SyllabusXH
29Life Sciences GATE SyllabusXL

The following are the two new subjects that were introduced in GATE Syllabus 2022. They are also a part of the GATE 2023 examination.

  1. XH – Humanities and Social Sciences in Sociology/Psychology/Philosophy/Linguistics/English/Economica
  2. ES – Environmental Science and Engineering

Also, two new subjects have been introduced this year in GATE 2023 Syllabus. They are:

  1. Geomatics Engineering or GE
  2. Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering or NM

Download GATE 2024 Syllabus PDF 

Download GATE Stream-wise Syllabus PDF
Aerospace EngineeringInstrumentation Engineering
Agricultural EngineeringMathematics
Architecture and PlanningMechanical Engineering
Biomedical EngineeringMining Engineering
BiotechnologyMetallurgical Engineering
Civil EngineeringNaval Architecture and Marine Engineering
Chemical EngineeringPetroleum Engineering
Computer Science and Information TechnologyPhysics
ChemistryProduction and Industrial Engineering
Electronics and Communication EngineeringStatistics
Electrical EngineeringTextile Engineering and
Fibre Science
Environmental Science & EngineeringEngineering Sciences
Ecology and EvolutionHumanities & Social Sciences
Geomatics Engineering Life Sciences
Geology and Geophysics 

Are there any changes in the GATE 2024 Syllabus?

No changes have been made to the GATE Syllabus. The students who are appearing for the exam in 2024 can download the GATE free PDF from the website or through our page for each subject and get to know the important chapters in each domain.

GATE Syllabus 2024 Subject Wise (Short version)

General Aptitude Syllabus (Common for all papers)
Verbal AbilityNumerical Ability
Biomedical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering MathematicsElectrical Circuits
Analog and Digital ElectronicsSignals and Systems
Measurement and Digital ElectronicsSensors and Bioinstrumentations
Medical Imaging SystemBiomaterials
Human Anatomy and PhysiologyBiomechanics
Aerospace Engineering Syllabus
Fourier SeriesLaplace Transforms
Numerical methods for linear and nonlinear algebraic equationsNumerical integration and differentiation.
Dynamic stabilityEuler angle
Equations of motionAerodynamic forces and moments, stability & control derivatives
Decoupling of longitudinal and lateral-directional dynamicsLongitudinal modes; lateral-directional modes.
Orbit transferIn-plane and out-of-plane
Elementary ideas of viscous flows including boundary layersWind Tunnel Testing
Measurement and visualization techniquesVibration of  beams
Theory of elasticityEquilibrium and compatibility equations
Airy’s stress function 
Agriculture Engineering Syllabus
Engineering MathematicsFarm Machinery
Farm PowerSoil and Water Conservation Engineering
Irrigation and Drainage EngineeringAgricultural Processing Engineering
Dairy and Food Engineering 
Architecture & Planning Syllabus
Architecture and DesignBuilding Materials, Construction, and Management
Building and StructuresEnvironmental Planning and Design
Urban DesignUrban Planning and Housing
Planning Techniques and ManagementServices, Infrastructure, and Transportation
Biotechnology Syllabus
Engineering MathematicsGeneral Biotechnology
Recombinant DNA TechnologyPlant and Animal Biotechnology
Bioprocess Engineering and Process Biotechnology 
Civil Engineering Syllabus
Engineering MathematicsStructural Engineering
Geotechnical EngineeringWater Resources Engineering
Environmental EngineeringTransportation Engineering
Geomatics Engineering 
Chemical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering MathematicsProcess Calculations and Thermodynamics
Fluid Mechanics and Mechanical OperationsHeat Transfer
Mass TransferChemical Reaction Engineering
Instrumentation and Process ControlPlant Design and Economics
Chemical Technology 
Computer Science and Information Technology Syllabus
Engineering MathematicsDigital Logic
Computer Organization and ArchitectureProgramming and Data Structures
AlgorithmsTheory of Computation
Compiler DesignOperating System
DatabasesComputer Networks
Chemistry Syllabus
Physical ChemistryOrganic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry 
Electronics and Communication Engineering Syllabus
Engineering MathematicsNetworks, Signals, and Systems
Electronic DevicesAnalog Circuits
Digital CircuitsControl System
Electrical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering MathematicsElectrical Circuits
Electromagnetic FieldsSignals and Systems
Electrical MachinesPower Systems
Control SystemsElectrical and Electronic Measurements
Analog and Digital ElectronicsPower Electronics
Environmental Science & Engineering (New)
Environmental Management and Sustainable DevelopmentEnvironmental Chemistry
Environmental MicrobiologyWater Resources and Environmental Hydraulics
Water & Wastewater Treatment and ManagementAir and Noise Pollution
Solid and Hazardous Waste ManagementGlobal and Regional Environmental Issues
Ecology and Evolution Syllabus
Mathematics and Quantitative EcologyBehavioural Ecology
Geology And Geophysics Syllabus
Instrumentation Engineering Syllabus
Engineering MathematicsControl Systems
Electrical CircuitsAnalog and Digital Electronics
Signals and SystemsMeasurements
Sensors and Industrial InstrumentationCommunication and Optical Instrumentation
Mathematics Syllabus
CalculusLinear Algebra
Rear AnalysisComplex Analysis
Ordinary Differential EquationsAlgebra
Functional AnalysisNumerical Analysis
Partial Differential EquationsTopology
Linear Programming 
Mechanical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering MathematicsApplied Mechanics and Design
Fluid Mechanics and Thermal ScienceMaterial, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering
Mining Engineering Syllabus
Engineering MathematicsMine Development Surveying
Geomechanics and Ground ControlMining Methods and Machinery
Surface Environment, Mine Ventilation, and Underground HazardsMine Economics, Mine Planning, System Engineering
Metallurgical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering MathematicsThermodynamics and Rate Process
Extractive MetallurgyPhysical Metallurgy
Mechanical MetallurgyManufacturing Process
Physics Syllabus
Mathematical PhysicsClassical Mechanics
Electromagnetic TheoryQuantum Mechanics
Thermodynamics and Statistical PhysicsAtomic and Molecular Physics
Solid State Physics and ElectronicsNuclear and Particle Physics
Production and Industrial Engineering Syllabus
Engineering MathematicsGeneral Engineering
Manufacturing ProcessesQuality and Reliability
Industrial Engineering Operation Research and Operational Management
Textile Engineering Syllabus
Engineering MathematicsTextile Engineering and Fibre Science
XE-A (Engineering Mathematics Syllabus)
Linear AlgebraCalculus
Vector CalculusOrdinary Differential Equations
Partial Differential EquationsComplex variables
Probability and StatisticsNumerical Methods
XE-B (Fluid Mechanism Syllabus)
Flow and Fluid PropertiesKinematics
Integral analysisDifferential Analysis
Inviscid flowsDimensional analysis
Internal flowsPrandtl boundary layer equations
XE-C (Material Sciences Syllabus)
Processing of MaterialsCharacterization Techniques:
Structure and ImperfectionsThermodynamics and Kinetics
Properties of MaterialsMaterial types
Environmental DegradationElements of Quantum Mechanics and Mathematics
XE-E (Thermodynamics Syllabus)
Basic ConceptsLaw of Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics CycleThermodynamics Relations
Ideal Gas Mixtures 
XE-F (Polymer Science and Engineering Syllabus)
Chemistry of high polymersPolymer Characterization
Synthesis and propertiesPolymer blends and composites
Polymer TechnologyPolymer rheology
Polymer processingPolymer testing
XE-G (Food Technology Syllabus)
Food Chemistry and NutritionFood Microbiology
Food Products TechnologyFood Engineering
XL-P (Chemistry Syllabus)
Atomic Structure and PeriodicityStructure and Bonding
s, p and d Block ElementsChemical Equilibria
ElectrochemistryReaction Kinetics
ThermodynamicsStructure-Reactivity Correlations and Organic Reaction Mechanisms
XL-R (Botany Syllabus)
Plant SystematicsPlant Anatomy
Morphogenesis & DevelopmentPhysiology and Biochemistry
GeneticsPlant Breeding and Genetic Modification
Economic BotanyPlant Pathology
Ecology and Environment
XL-S (Microbiology Syllabus)
Historical PerspectiveMethods in Microbiology
Microbial Taxonomy and DiversityProkaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells: Structure and Function
Microbial GrowthControl of Micro-organisms
Microbial MetabolismMicrobial Diseases and Host-Pathogen Interaction
Chemotherapy/AntibioticsMicrobial Genetics
Microbial Ecology 
XL-T (Zoology Syllabus)
Animal worldGenetics
EvolutionBiochemistry and Molecular Biology
Cell BiologyGene expression in Eukaryotes
Animal Anatomy and PhysiologyParasitology and Immunology
Development BiologyEcology
Animal Behavior 
XH-B1 (Reasoning and Comprehension) (New)
Reading ComprehensionExpression
Analytical reasoningLogical reasoning
XH-C1 (Economics) (New)
Statistics, Econometrics and Mathematical EconomicsMicroeconomics
MacroeconomicsInternational Economics
Public EconomicsDevelopment Economics
Indian Economy
XH-C3 (Linguistics) (New)
Areal Typology, Universals, Cross-linguistic FeaturesLanguage and Linguistics
Levels of Grammar and Grammatical AnalysisHistorical Linguistics
SociolinguisticsMethods of analysis
Applied Linguistics
XH-C4 (Philosophy) (New)
Classical Indian PhilosophyContemporary Indian Philosophy
Classical and Modern Western PhilosophyContemporary Western Philosophy
XH-C5 (Psychology) (New)
Perception, Learning, Memory, and ForgettingCognition: Thinking, Intelligence, and Language
Research Methods and StatisticsPsychometrics
The biological and evolutionary basis of behaviourPersonality
Applications of PsychologyMotivation, Emotion, Stress and Coping
Social psychologyDevelopment across the lifespan
XH-C6 (Sociology) (New)
Family, Marriage, and KinshipSociological Theory
Research Methodology and MethodsSociological Concepts
Agrarian Sociology and Rural TransformationIndian Society / Sociology of India
Social MovementsSociology of Development

Students can review the above-mentioned list of subjects closely and prepare for the GATE 2023 examination. Also, other reference materials such as notes, question papers, revision notes, etc are provided on the website which can be accessed by students to prepare the subject holistically.

Candidates opting for a TWO subject combination must select a primary choice of paper as their default choice. The second choice of paper has to be chosen from the combinations provided in the Table below. Combinations other than the listed ones are NOT permitted.

Code of the First (Primary) PaperCodes of Papers Allowed as the Second PaperCode of the First (Primary) PaperCodes of Papers Allowed as the Second Paper

General Aptitude (GA) Syllabus 2024

The General Aptitude section is common for all the papers of the GATE 2023 examination. The syllabus is available on the official website. The General Aptitude section consists of 15 out of 100 marks on paper for each subject. GATE General Aptitude (GA) syllabus is helpful for the candidates to prepare more effectively for the GATE 2023 exam.

There are 4 main sections in the GATE General Aptitude (GA) Syllabus –

  • Quantitative Aptitude
  • Verbal Aptitude
  • Analytical Aptitude
  • Spatial Aptitude

General Aptitude (GA) Syllabus – Verbal Aptitude

Basic English Grammar
  • Tenses
  • Articles
  • Prepositions
  • Conjunctions
  • Adjectives
  • Verb-Noun agreement
Basic Vocabulary
  • Words
  • Idioms and phrases

General Aptitude (GA) Syllabus – Quantitative Aptitude

Data Interpretation (Bar graphs, Pie Chart

Other Data-Related Graphs)

Ratio and Percentage
2 and 3 dimension plotsPermutation and Combination
Maps and tablesSeries mensuration and geometry
Numerical computation and estimationProbability
Exponent and LogarithmsStatistics

General Aptitude (GA) Syllabus – Analytical Aptitude

  • Deduction and induction
  • Numerical Relations
  • Reasoning
  • Analogy

General Aptitude (GA) Syllabus – Spatial Aptitude

TranslationPaper folding and cutting
RotationAssembling and Grouping
MirroringThe pattern in 2 and 3 dimensions

GATE 2024 Detailed Syllabus for CSIT 

Engineering Mathematics

Discrete Mathematics

Sets, Functions, Partial Orders and Latices, Groups, Relations, Monoids

Graphs, Combinatorics, general functions

Linear AlgebraMatrices, System of linear equations, eigenvectors, and eigenvalues
CalculusMaxima and Minima, Mean value theorem, limits and continuity, differentiability
Probability and Statistics

Uniform, normal, Poisson and binomial distribution, Mean, median, standard deviation, mode.

Conditional Probability and Bayes theorem

Computer Science and Information Technology

Digital Logic
  • Boolean algebra
  • Number Representation
  • Combinational and sequential circuits
  • Minimization
Computer Organization and Architecture
  • Machine instructions and addressing modes
  • ALU
  • Instruction Pipelining
  • Pipeline hazards
  • Memory hierarchy
  • Data path and control unit
  • I/O interface
Programming and Data Structures
  • Recursion
  • Arrays
  • Queues
  • Trees
  • Binary search trees
  • Graphs
  • Searching
  • Hashing
  • Algorithms
  • Space complexity
  • Algorithm Design
  • Asymptotic worst-case time
  • Graph traversals
  • Minimum spanning trees
  • Dynamic programming and divide and conquer
  • Shortest paths
Theory of Computation
  • Context-free grammars
  • Regular expressions
  • Finite Automata
  • Turing machines and undecidability
  • Push down automata
  • Pumping lemma
Compiler Design
  • Runtime environments
  • Parsing
  • Syntax-directed translation
  • Intermediate code generation
  • Data flow analysis
  • Liveness analysis
  • Common subexpression elimination
  • Local optimisation
  • Lexical analysis
Operating System
  • Processes
  • Threads
  • Inter-process communication
  • Concurrency and synchronization
  • Deadlock
  • CPU and I/O scheduling
  • File system
  • Relational Algebra
  • Tuple calculus
  • Relational model
  • SQL
  • Integrity constraints normal forms
  • Transactions and concurrency control
Computer Networks
  • Basics of packet
  • Circuit and virtual circuit switching
  • Framing
  • Error detection
  • Ethernet bridging
  • Data link layer
  • Medium access control
  • Routing protocols (shortest path, flooding, distance vector and link state routing)
  • Application layer protocols
  • Transport layer
  • Basics of IP support protocols
  • CIDR notations
  • Fragmentation and IP addressing
  • Address Translation

GATE 2024 Detailed Syllabus for Mechanical

Engineering Mathematics 

Linear Algebra
  • Systems Of Linear Equations
  • Matrix Algebra
  • Eigenvalues And Eigenvectors
  • Limit
  • Functions Of A Single Variable
  • Continuity and Differentiability
  • Indeterminate Forms
  • Mean Value Theorems
  • Evaluation Of Definite And Improper Integrals
  • Taylor Series (In One And Two Variables)
  • Partial Derivatives
  • Double And Triple Integrals
  • Total Derivative
  • Fourier Series
  • Maxima and Minima
  • Gradient, Divergence And Curl
  • Directional Derivatives
  • Vector Identities
  • Line, Surface and Volume Integrals
  • Applications Of Gauss Theorem, Stokes, and Green’s Theorems
Differential Equation
  • Initial and Boundary Value Problems
  • Higher-Order Linear Differential Equations With Constant Coefficients
  • First-Order Equations (Linear And Nonlinear)
  • Euler-Cauchy Equation
  • Laplace Transforms
  • Solutions of heat, wave and Laplace’s equations
Complex Variables
  • Taylor and Laurent Series
  • Cauchy-Riemann Equations
  • Analytic Functions
  • Cauchy’s Integral Theorem and Integral Formula
Probability and Statistics
  • Definitions Of Probability, Sampling Theorems, Conditional Probability
  • Median, Mean, Mode, and Random Variables
  • Binomial
  • Poisson and Normal Distributions
Numerical Methods
  • Integration By Trapezoidal and Simpson’s Rules
  • Numerical Solutions Of Linear And Non-Linear Algebraic Equations
  • Single and Multi-Step Methods For Differential Equations

Applied Mechanics and Design

Engineering Mechanics
  • Friction And Its Applications Including Rolling Friction
  • Free-Body Diagrams and Equilibrium
  • Screw Jack
  • Brakes
  • Belt-Pulley
  • Clutches
  • Vehicles
  • Wedge
  • Trusses and Frames
  • Virtual Work
  • Impulse And Momentum (Linear and Angular) and Energy Formulations
  • Kinematics And Dynamics Of Rigid Bodies in Plane Motion
  • Lagrange’s Equation
Mechanics of Materials
  • Thin Cylinders
  • Elastic Constants
  • Stress and Strain
  • Poisson’s Ratio
  • Mohr’s Circle For Plane Stress And Plane Strain
  • Bending and Shear Stresses
  • Shear Force And Bending Moment Diagrams
  • Deflection Of Beams
  • Concept Of Shear Centre
  • Euler’s Theory Of Columns
  • Torsion Of Circular Shafts
  • Thermal Stresses
  • Energy Methods
  • Testing Of Materials With a Universal Testing Machine
  • Strain Gauges and Rosettes
  • Testing Of Hardness and Impact Strength
Theory of Machines
  • Velocity and Acceleration Analysis Of Plane Mechanisms
  • Dynamic Analysis Of Linkages
  • Displacement
  • Cams
  • Gears and Gear Trains
  • Flywheels And Governors
  • Gyroscope
  • Balancing Of Reciprocating and Rotating Masses
  • Resonance
  • Effect Of Damping
  • Free And Forced Vibration Of Single Degree Of Freedom Systems
  • Vibration Isolation
  • Critical Speeds Of Shafts
Machine Designs
  • Failure Theories
  • Design For Static and Dynamic Loading
  • Principles Of The Design Of Machine Elements Such As Bolted, Riveted And Welded Joints
  • Fatigue Strength and the S-N Diagram
  • Gears
  • Shafts
  • Brakes and Clutches
  • Rolling and Sliding Contact Bearings
  • Springs

Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 

Fluid Mechanics
  • Fluid Statics
  • Fluid Properties
  • Stability Of Floating Bodies
  • Forces On Submerged Bodies
  • Control-Volume Analysis Of Mass, Momentum And Energy
  • Differential Equations Of Continuity And Momentum
  • Fluid Acceleration
  • Dimensional Analysis
  • Bernoulli’s Equation
  • Boundary-Layer
  • Viscous Flow Of Incompressible Fluids
  • Flow through Pipes
  • Elementary Turbulent Flow
  • Head Losses In Pipes, Bends and Fittings
  • Basics Of Compressible Fluid Flow
Heat Transfer
  • Dimensional Heat Conduction
  • Modes Of Heat Transfer
  • Heat Transfer Through Fins
  • Resistance Concept and Electrical Analogy,
  • Lumped Parameter System
  • Unsteady Heat Conduction
  • Thermal Boundary Layer
  • Heisler’s Charts
  • Heat Transfer Correlations For Flow Over Flat Plates and through Pipes
  • Dimensionless Parameters In Free And Forced Convective Heat Transfer
  • Heat Exchanger Performance
  • Effect Of Turbulence
  • Radiative Heat Transfer
  • LMTD and NTU methods
  • Wien’s Displacement Law
  • Stefan- Boltzmann Law
  • View Factors
  • Black And Grey Surfaces
  • Radiation Network Analysis
  • Properties Of Pure Substances
  • Behaviour Of Ideal And Real Gases
  • Zeroth And First Laws Of Thermodynamics
  • Second Law Of Thermodynamics
  • Availability And Irreversibility
  • Thermodynamic Systems And Processes
  • Thermodynamic Property Charts And Tables
  • Calculation Of Work And Heat In Various Processes
  • Thermodynamic Relations

Power Engineering: Vapour And Gas Power Cycles, Air And Gas Compressors, Concepts Of Regeneration And Reheat

I.C. Engines: Diesel and dual cycles, Air-standard Otto

Refrigeration and air-conditioning: Basic Psychrometric Processes, Properties Of Moist Air, Vapour And Gas Refrigeration and Heat Pump Cycles, Psychrometric Chart

Turbomachinery: Impulse and reaction principles, velocity diagrams, Pelton-wheel, Francis and Kaplan turbines; steam and gas turbines

Materials, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering 

Engineering Materials
  • Stress-Strain Diagrams For Engineering Materials
  • Phase Diagrams
  • Structure And Properties Of Engineering Materials
  • Heat Treatment
Machining and Machine Tool Operations
  • Basic Machine Tools
  • Mechanics Of Machining
  • Single And Multi-Point Cutting Tools
  • Tool Life And Wear
  • Tool Geometry and Materials
  • Economics Of Machining
  • Principles Of Work Holding, Jigs And Fixtures
  • Principles Of Non-Traditional Machining Processes
  • Abrasive Machining Processes
  • NC/CNC machines and CNC programming
Casting, Forming and Joining Processes
  • Solidification And Cooling
  • Riser And Gating Design
  • Design Of Patterns, Molds And Cores
  • Different Types Of Castings
  • Fundamentals Of Hot And Cold Working Processes
  • Plastic Deformation And Yield Criteria
  • Principles Of Powder Metallurgy
  • Load Estimation For Bulk (Forging, Extrusion, Rolling, Drawing) And Sheet (Shearing, Deep Drawing, Bending) Metal Forming Processes
  • Principles Of Welding, Soldering, Brazing, and Adhesive Bonding
Metrology and Inspection
  • Interferometry
  • Linear And Angular Measurements
  • Limits, Fits And Tolerances
  • Comparators
  • Alignment and Testing Methods
  • Form And Finish Measurement
  • Concepts Of Coordinate-Measuring Machine (CMM)
  • Tolerance Analysis In Manufacturing And Assembly
Computer Integrated Manufacturing
  • Additive Manufacturing
  • Basic concepts of CAD/CAM and their Integration Tools
Production Planning and Control
  • Materials Requirement Planning
  • Aggregate Production Planning
  • Forecasting Models
  • Scheduling
  • Lean Manufacturing
Inventory Control
  • Safety Stock Inventory Control Systems
  • Deterministic Models
Operations Research
  • Simplex Method
  • Linear Programming
  • Transportation
  • Assignment
  • Simple Queuing Models
  • Network Flow Models
  • PERT and CPM

GATE 2024 Detailed Syllabus for Civil

Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra
  • Systems Of Linear Equations
  • Matrix Algebra
  • Eigen Values And Eigen Vectors
  • Functions Of Single Variable
  • Mean Value Theorems, Local Maxima And Minima
  • Partial Derivatives
  • Total Derivative
  • Line, Surface And Volume Integrals
  • Directional Derivatives
  • Evaluation Of Definite And Indefinite Integrals, Application Of Definite Integral To Obtain Area And Volume
  • Limit, Continuity, And Differentiability
  • Gradient, Divergence And Curl, Vector Identities
  • Taylor Series
Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE)
  • Initial And Boundary Value Problems
  • Euler-Cauchy Equations
  • Higher Order Linear Equations With Constant Coefficients
  • First Order (Linear And Nonlinear) Equations
Partial Differential Equation (PDE)
  • Fourier Series
  • Separation Of Variables
  • Solutions Of One-Dimensional Diffusion Equation
  • First And Second Order One-dimensional Wave Equation
  • Two Dimensional Laplace Equation
Probability And Statistics
  • Linear Regression
  • Sampling Theorems
  • Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode, and standard deviation
  • Random Variables – Discrete and Continuous, Poisson and Normal Distribution
  • Conditional Probability
Numerical Methods
  • Numerical Solutions Of Linear And Non-linear Algebraic Equation
  • Error Analysis
  • Integration By Trapezoidal And Simpson’s Rule
  • Numerical Differentiation
  • Single And Multi-step Methods For First Order Differential Equations
  • Newton’s And Lagrange’s Polynomials

Structural Engineering

Engineering Mechanics
  • Free Vibrations Of Undamped SDOF System
  • Internal Forces In Structures
  • System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations
  • Centre Of Mass
  • Frictions And Their Applications
Structural Analysis
  • Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames
  • Influence Lines
  • Displacement Methods: Slope Deflection and Moment Distribution Methods
  • Stiffness And Flexibility Methods Of Structural Analysis
  • Method Of Superposition
  • Statically Determinate And Indeterminate Structures By Force/ Energy Methods
Solid Mechanics
  • Simple Bending Theory, Flexural And Shear Stresses, Shear Centre
  • Simple Stress And Strain Relationships
  • Buckling Of Column, Combined And Direct Bending Stresses
  • Uniform Torsion, Transformation Of Stress
  • Bending Moment And Shear Force In Statically Determinate Beams
Construction Materials And Management
  • Construction Materials: Structural Steel – Composition, Material Properties And Behaviour
  • Construction Management: Types of construction projects
  • Concrete – Constituents, Mix Design, Short-Term And Long-Term Properties
  • Project Planning And Network Analysis – PERT and CPM
  • Cost Estimation
Steel Structure
  • Connections – Simple And Eccentric, Beam-Column Connections, Plate Girders and Trusses
  • Design Of Tension and Compression Members, Beams and Beam- Columns, and Column Bases
  • Working Stress And Limit State Design Concepts
  • Concept Of Plastic Analysis -Beams And Frames
Concrete Structures
  • Bond and Development Length
  • Working Stress and Limit State Design Concepts
  • Prestressed Concrete Beams
  • Design Of Beams, Slabs, Columns

Geotechnical Engineering

Soil Mechanics
  • Principle Of Effective Stress And Quicksand Condition
  • Shear Strength, Mohr’s Circle, Effective And Total Shear Strength Parameters, Stress-Strain Characteristics Of Clays And Sand
  • Unified and Indian Standard Soil Classification System
  • Three-Phase System And Phase Relationships, Index Properties
  • Compaction Of Soils
  • One- Dimensional Consolidation, Time Rate Of Consolidation
  • Permeability – Dimensional Flow, Seepage Through Soils – Two – Dimensional Flow, Flow Nets, Uplift Pressure, Piping, Capillarity, Seepage Force
  • Stress Paths
Foundation Engineering
  • Deep Foundations – Dynamic And Static Formulae, Axial Load Capacity Of Piles In Sands And Clays, Pile Load Test, Pile Under Lateral Loading, Pile Group Efficiency, Negative Skin Friction
  • Sub-Surface Investigations – Drilling Bore Holes, Sampling, Plate Load Test, Standard Penetration And Cone Penetration Tests
  • Combined Footing And Raft Foundation
  • Contact Pressure
  • Pressure Bulbs, Shallow Foundations – Terzaghi’s And Meyerhoff’s Bearing Capacity Theories, Effect Of Water Table
  • Stress Distribution In Soils – Boussinesq’s Theory
  • Earth Pressure Theories – Rankine And Coulomb; Stability Of Slopes – Finite And Infinite Slopes, Bishop’s Method
  • Settlement Analysis In Sands And Clays

Water Resources Engineering

Fluid Mechanics
  • Concept Of Boundary Layer and Its Growth
  • Continuity, Momentum And Energy Equations And Their Applications
  • Flow In Pipes, Pipe Networks
  • Properties Of Fluids, Fluid Statics
  • Potential Flow, Laminar And Turbulent Flow
  • Concept Of Lift And Drag
  • Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude
  • Forces on immersed bodies
  • Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, hydraulic jump, uniform flow, gradually varied flow and water surface profiles
  • Flow measurement in channels and pipes
  • Application of Darcy’s Law
  • Hydrologic cycle
  • Precipitation
  • Evaporation
  • Evapotranspiration
  • Watershed
  • Infiltration
  • Unit hydrographs
  • Hydrograph analysis
  • Reservoir capacity
  • Flood estimation and routing
  • Surface runoff models
  • Groundwater hydrology
  • Steady state well hydraulics
  • Aquifers
  • Types Of Irrigation Systems and Methods
  • Lined And Unlined Canals, Design Of Weirs On Permeable Foundation
  • Crop Water Requirements – Duty, Delta, Evapotranspiration
  • Cross Drainage Structures
  • Gravity Dams and Spillways

Environmental Engineering

Water And Waste Water Quality And Treatment
  • Unit Processes And Operations
  • Water Requirement
  • Effluent Discharge Standards
  • Sludge Disposal
  • Reuse Of Treated Sewage For Different Applications
  • Water Distribution System
  • Basics of water quality standards – Physical, chemical and biological parameters
  • Water Quality Index
  • Drinking Water Treatment
  • Sewerage System Design, Quantity Of Domestic Wastewater, Primary Treatment And Secondary Treatment
Municipal Solid Wastes
  • Engineered Systems For Solid Waste Management (Reuse/ Recycle, Energy Recovery, Treatment And Disposal)
  • Characteristics, Generation, Collection and Transportation Of Solid Wastes
Air Pollution
  • Types Of Pollutants, Their Sources And Impacts
  • Air Quality Index And Limits
  • Air Quality Standards
  • Air Pollution Control

Transportation Engineering

Transportation Infrastructure
  • Geometric Design Of Railway Track – Speed and Cant
  • Geometric Design Of Highways – Cross-Sectional Elements, Sight Distances, Horizontal And Vertical Alignments
  • Taxiway and Exit Taxiway Design
  • Concept Of Airport Runway Length, Calculations and Corrections
Highway Pavements
  • Design Factors For Flexible And Rigid Pavements
  • Desirable Properties Of Bituminous Paving Mixes
  • Highway Materials – Desirable Properties And Tests
  • Design Of Flexible And Rigid Pavement Using IRC Codes
Traffic Engineering
  • Highway Capacity
  • Traffic Signs
  • Types Of Intersections
  • Microscopic And Macroscopic Parameters Of Traffic Flow, Fundamental Relationships
  • Signal Design By Webster’s Method
  • Traffic Studies On Flow And Speed
  • Peak Hour Factor
  • Accident Study
  • Statistical Analysis Of Traffic Data

Geomatics Engineering

Basics Of Remote Sensing And GISErrors And Their Adjustment
Principles Of SurveyingTraversing And Triangulation Survey
Total StationPhotogrammetry And Remote Sensing – Scale, Flying Height
Horizontal And Vertical CurvesDistance And Angle Measurement – Leveling And Trigonometric Leveling
Maps – Scale, Coordinate System

GATE 2024 Detailed Syllabus for EE

Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra
  • Eigenvectors
  • Systems of linear equations
  • Matrix Algebra
  • Eigenvalues
  • Line Integral
  • Volume Integral
  • Stokes’s Theorem
  • Divergence Theorem
  • Gauss’s Theorem
  • Green’s Theorem
  • Theorems of Integral Calculus
  • Mean Value Theorems
  • Evaluation Of Definite And Improper Integrals
  • Maxima And Minima
  • Partial Derivatives
  • Multiple Integrals
  • Vector Identities
  • Fourier Series
  • Directional Derivatives
  • Surface Integral
Differential equations
  • Partial Differential Equations
  • Initial And Boundary Value Problems
  • Euler’s Equation
  • Method Of Separation Of Variables
  • Cauchy’s Equation
  • Higher-Order Linear Differential Equations With Constant Coefficients
  • First-Order Equations (Linear And Nonlinear)
  • Method Of Variation Of Parameters
Complex variables
  • Cauchy’s Integral Formula
  • Laurent Series
  • Taylor Series
  • Residue Theorem
  • Solution Integrals
  • Cauchy’s Integral Theorem
  • Analytic Functions
Probability and Statistics
  • Poisson Distribution
  • Binomial Distribution
  • Normal Distribution
  • Correlation Analysis
  • Regression Analysis
  • Conditional Probability
  • Sampling Theorems
  • Mean
  • Mode
  • Median
  • Standard Deviation
  • Discrete and Continuous distributions
  • Random Variables

Electric Circuits

Dependent Sources, R, L, C, M ElementsIdeal Voltage And Current Sources
Network solution methods: KVL, KCL, Node And Mesh AnalysisNetwork Theorems: (Thevenin’s, Norton’s, Superposition and Maximum Power Transfer Theorem)
ResonanceTransient Response of dc & ac networks
Sinusoidal Steady-State AnalysisBalanced Three-Phase Circuits
Two-port networkComplex Power And Power Factor in ac circuits
Star-Delta Transformation

Electromagnetic Fields

Electric Field IntensityCoulomb’s Law
DivergenceElectric Flux Density
Gauss’s LawElectric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions
Biot-Savart’s LawEffect Of Dielectric Medium
Capacitance Of Simple ConfigurationsAmpere’s Law
CurlSelf and Mutual Inductance of Simple Configurations
Lorentz ForceInductance
Faraday’s lawMagnetomotive Force
Magnetic CircuitsReluctance

Signals and Systems

Average Value Calculation for any General Periodic WaveformRepresentation of Continuous and Discrete-Time Signals
Shifting and Scaling PropertiesLinear Time-Invariant and Causal Systems
RMS ValueLaplace Transform and Z Transform
Sampling theoremFourier Series Representation of Continuous and Discrete-Time Periodic Signals
Applications of Fourier Transform for Continuous and Discrete-Time Signals

Power Systems

Models And Performance Of Transmission Lines And CablesAC And DC Transmission Concepts
Basic Concepts Of Electrical Power GenerationEconomic Load Dispatch
Electric Field Distribution And InsulatorsSeries And Shunt Compensation
Distribution SystemsBus Admittance Matrix
Per-Unit QuantitiesPower Factor Correction
Gauss-Seidel And Newton-Raphson Load Flow MethodsSymmetrical Components
Voltage And Frequency ControlCircuit Breakers
Equal Area CriterionSystem stability concepts
Symmetrical and Unsymmetrical Fault Analysis

Control Systems

Feedback PrincipleTransfer Function
Transient And Steady-State Analysis Of Linear Time-Invariant SystemsMathematical Modelling And Representation Of Systems
Block Diagrams And Signal Flow GraphsStability Analysis Using Routh-Hurwitz And Nyquist Criteria
Root lociBode Plots
Lag, Lead And Lead-Lag CompensatorsSolution Of State Equations Of LTI Systems
P, PI And PID ControllersState-Space Model

Electrical and Electronic Measurements

Instrument TransformersOscilloscopes, Error Analysis
Measurement Of Voltage, Current, Power, Energy And Power FactorBridges And Potentiometers
Phase, Time and Frequency measurementDigital Voltmeters And Multimeters
Time And Frequency Measurement

Analog and Digital Electronics

Simple diode circuits: Clamping, Clipping, RectifiersAmplifiers: Biasing, Equivalent Circuit And Frequency Response Oscillators And Feedback Amplifiers
Operational amplifiers: Characteristics and applications; single-stage active filtersActive Filters
Schmitt triggerA/D and D/A converters
VCOs and timersCombinational and sequential logic circuits
Sample and hold circuits

Power Electronics

Buck, Boost And Buck-Boost ConvertersSingle and Three-Phase Configuration Of Uncontrolled Rectifiers
Static V-I characteristics and firing/gating circuits for ThyristorMOSFET, IGBT; DC to DC conversion
Bidirectional ac to dc Voltage Source ConvertersVoltage And Current Commutated Thyristor Based Converters
Magnitude And Phase Of Line Current Harmonics For Uncontrolled and Thyristor-Based ConvertersSingle-Phase And Three-Phase Voltage And Current Source Inverters
Power Factor And Distortion Factor of AC to DC ConvertersSinusoidal Pulse Width Modulation

GATE 2024 ECE Syllabus

Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra
  • Basis
  • Vector Space
  • Matrix Algebra
  • Linear Dependence And Independence
  • Rank
  • Eigenvalues And Eigenvectors
  • Solution Of Linear Equations- Existence And Uniqueness
  • Partial Derivatives
  • Theorems Of Integral Calculus
  • Mean Value Theorems
  • Evaluation Of Definite And Improper Integrals
  • Line, Surface And Volume Integrals
  • Maxima And Minima
  • Multiple Integrals
  • Taylor Series
Differential Equation
  • Higher-Order Linear Differential Equations
  • First-Order Equations (Linear And Nonlinear)
  • Cauchy’s And Euler’s Equations
  • Variable Separable Method
  • Complementary Function And Particular Integral
  • Methods Of Solution Using Variation Of Parameters
  • Partial Differential Equations
  • Initial And Boundary Value Problems
Vector Analysis
  • Divergence And Curl
  • Vector Operations
  • Vectors In Plane And Space
  • Gradient
  • Green’s And Stokes’ Theorems
  • Gauss’s Theorem
  • Complex Analysis
  • Series
  • Cauchy’s Integral Theorem
  • Analytic Functions
  • Cauchy’s Integral Formula
  • Sequences
  • Taylor And Laurent Series
  • Convergence Tests
  • Residue Theorem
Probability and Statistics
  • Median, Mean, Mode, Standard Deviation
  • Probability Distributions
  • Combinatorial Probability
  • Poisson Distribution
  • Binomial Distribution
  • Normal Distribution
  • Exponential Distribution
  • Joint And Conditional Probability

Networks, Signals and Systems

Circuit Analysis
  • Thevenin’s Theorem
  • Node and Mesh Analysis
  • Circuit Analysis
  • Superposition
  • Reciprocity
  • Norton’s Theorem
  • Sinusoidal steady-state analysis: Complex Power, Maximum Power Transfer
  • Time and frequency domain analysis of linear circuits: RL, RC And RLC Circuits, Solution Of Network Equations Using Laplace Transform
  • Linear 2-port network parameters, wye-delta transformation
Continuous-time signals
  • Sampling Theorem And Applications
  • Fourier Series And Fourier Transform
Discrete-time signals
  • DTFT, DFT, z-transform, discrete-time processing of continuous-time signals
  • LTI systems: Definition And Properties, Stability, Causality, Impulse Response, Convolution, Poles And Zeroes, Group Delay, Frequency Response, Phase Delay

Electronic Devices

  • Equilibrium Carrier Concentration
  • Energy Bands In Intrinsic And Extrinsic Semiconductors
  • Direct and Indirect Band-Gap Semiconductors

Carrier transport

Drift CurrentDiffusion Current
Zener DiodeMobility and Resistivity
Poisson And Continuity EquationsGeneration And Recombination Of Carriers
P-N JunctionBJT, MOS Capacitor
Photo Diode And Solar CellLED

Analog Circuits

Diode circuitClamping, Clipping, and Rectifiers
BJT and MOSFET amplifiers
  • AC Coupling
  • Biasing
  • Small-Signal Analysis
  • Current Mirrors and Differential Amplifiers
  • Frequency Response
Op-amp circuits
  • Integrators
  • Summers
  • Amplifiers
  • Differentiators
  • Schmitt Triggers and Oscillators
  • Active Filters

Digital Circuits

Number representations
  • Binary, integer and floating-point- numbers
  • Combinatorial circuits
Sequential circuits
  • Finite State Machines
  • Counters
  • Latches And Flip-Flops
  • Shift-Registers
  • Setup And Hold Time
  • Propagation Delay
  • Critical Path Delay
Data converters
  • Sample and Hold Circuits
  • ADCs & DACs
Semiconductor memories
  • SRAM
  • ROM
  • DRAM
Computer organization
  • Machine Instructions and Addressing Modes
  • Data-Path And Control Unit
  • ALU
  • Instruction Pipelining

Control System

Feedback PrincipleBlock Diagram Representation
Transfer FunctionTransient and Steady-State Analysis Of LTI Systems
Signal Flow GraphBasic Control System Components
State Variable Model and Solution Of State Equation Of LTI SystemsRouth-Hurwitz And Nyquist Stability Criteria
Bode and Root-Locus PlotsLag, Lead And Lag Lead Compensation
Block Diagram RepresentationFrequency Response


Random processes
  • Properties of White Noise
  • Autocorrelation and Power Spectral Density
  • Filtering of Random Signals Through LTI Systems
Analog communications
  • Superheterodyne Receivers
  • Angle Modulation and Demodulation
  • Amplitude Modulation and Demodulation
  • Spectra of AM and FM
Information theory
  • Mutual Information and Channel Capacity Theorem
  • Entropy
Digital communications
  • DPCM
  • PCM
  • Digital Modulation Schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK, QAM)
  • Inter-Symbol Interference
  • Bandwidth
  • MAP
  • Matched Filter Receiver
  • ML Detection
  • Hamming Codes
  • Fundamentals Of Error Correction
  • SNR and BER
  • CRC


Maxwell’s Equation
  • Poynting Vector
  • Boundary Conditions
  • Differential and Integral Forms And Their Interpretation
  • Maxwell’s equations
  • Wave Equation
Plane waves and properties
  • Propagation Through Various Media
  • Polarization
  • Reflection And Refraction
  • Phase And Group Velocity
  • Skin Depth
Transmission lines
  • Characteristic Impedance
  • Equations
  • Impedance Matching
  • S-Parameters
  • Impedance Transformation
  • Smith Chart
  • Linear Antenna Arrays
  • Light Propagation in Optical Fibers
  • Rectangular and Circular Waveguides
  • Dipole and Monopole Antennas

GATE 2024 Important Books

GATE Important Books for Computer Science Engineering

SubjectsBooks and Author
Engineering Mathematics

Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig

Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications by Kenneth Rosen

Computer Organization & Architecture

Computer Architecture – A Quantitative Approach by Hennessy and Patterson

Computer Organization and Embedded systems by Carl Hamacher

Theory of ComputationAn Introduction to Formal Languages and Automata by Peter Linz
Programming & Data Structures

Classic Data Structures by Debasis Samanta

The C Programming language by Dennis Richie

Digital Logic

Digital Electronics by S. Salivahanan & S. Arivazhagan

Digital Design by Morris Mano


Introduction to Algorithms by Cormen

Data Structures & Algorithms by R.S. Salaria

Computer Networks

By Peterson & Davie

Data Communications and Networking by Kurose & Ross and Behrouz A. Forouzan

Compiler Design

By Allen I Holub

Compilers: Principles, Techniques and Tools by Aho & Ullman

Operating System

Operating Systems by Stallings

Operating System Concepts by Galvin


Database System Concepts by Henry. F. Korth

Normalization and indexing by Shamkant B. Navathe

GATE Important Books for Mechanical Engineering

Design of Machine ElementsMachine design – V.B. Bhandari
Engineering Mechanicsby Bhavikatti, R K Rajput and by Beer and Johnston
Fluid Mechanics

Fluid Mechanics by R K Bansal

Fluid & Hydraulics – Modi and Seth

Heat Transfer

Heat Transfer by Cengel and Holman

Heat and Mass Transfer by J P Hollman and R C Sachdeva

Strength of MaterialsStrength of Materials by Gere and Timoshenko, BC Unamia, Sadhu Singh, Ramamrutham
Industrial EngineeringIndustrial Engineering by O P Khanna, Buffa and Sarin
Manufacturing EngineeringProduction Technology: Manufacturing Processes, Technology and Automation by R.K. Jain
Theory of MachinesBy Ratan
Strength of MaterialsBy Gere & Timoshenko
VibrationsMechanical Vibration by Grover
Thermal ScienceEngineering Thermodynamics by P.K. Nag

Engineering Thermodynamics by P K Nag and Rajput

Thermodynamics by Cengel.

GATE Important Books for Electrical Engineering

  • Advanced Engineering Mathematics by E.Kreyszig
  • Engineering Circuit Analysis by Hayt & Kemmerly
  • Signals and Systems by Oppenheim & Wilsky and Nagoor Kani
  • Digital Design by M.Morris Mano
  • Power Electronics by P.S.Bimbhra
  • Electrical and Electronic Measurement & Instrumentation by AK Sawhney
  • Power Systems Engineering by Nagrath & Kothari
  • Power Systems by JB Gupta & CL Wadhwa

GATE 2024 Important Books for Electronics & Communication

  • Quantitative Aptitude by R.S Agarwal
  • Control Systems by Nagarath and Gopal
  • Circuit Theory by A.Chakraborty
  • Quantitative Aptitude by CAT by Arun Sharma,
  • Network Analysis by Van Valkenburg
  • Electronic Devices and Circuits by Millman & Halkias,
  • Digital Signal Processing by S.K Mitra,
  • Signals & Systems By Alan V. Oppenheim
  • Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory by Robert L Boylestad & Nashelsky
  • Digital circuits and design by Salivahanan
  • Network lines and fields by J.D Ryder (Transmission lines part)

GATE 2024 Important Books for Civil Engineering

  • Theory of Elasticity by Timoshenko & Gere
  • Theory of Structure by CK Wang, S. Rammamrutham, L.S. Negi & Jangit
  • Soil Mechanics by Gopal Ranjan & Rao, Venkat Ramaiah, S. K. Garg, B.C. Panama, V N S Murthy
  • Railway Engineering by Subhash And Satyapal
  • Environmental Engg by SK Garg (1&2), Peavy-Rowe
  • RCC by Krishna Raju, PC Verghese, Pillai & Menon
  • Reinforced Concrete by Ashok K Jain
  • Transportation by Justo Khanna
  • Surveying by KR Arora; BC Punmia
  • Pre-stressed Concrete by Krishna Raju

GATE 2024 Important Books for Instrumentation Engineering

TopicsBooks and Author
MathematicsAdvanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig
Network TheoryEngineering Circuit Analysis by Steven M. Durbin, Jack E. Kemmerly, William H. Hayt
TransducersIntroduction to Measurements and Instrumentation by Arun K Ghosh
Signals and SystemsSignals And Systems (Schaum’s Outline Series) by H P HSU Signals & Systems by Alan V. Oppenheim
Communication SystemsModern Digital and Analog Communication System by B P Lathi
Electrical and Electronic MeasurementsA Course In Electrical And Electronic Measurements And Instrumentation by A K Sawhney
Analog Electronics

Fundamentals of Microelectronics by Behzad Razavi

GATE – Electronics & Communication by R K Kanodia

Control SystemAutomatic Control Systems by B C Kuo
Process ControlProcess Control: Modeling, Design, And Simulation by B. Wayne Bequette

GATE 2024 Exam Pattern

Mode of ExaminationCBT (Computer Based Test) Online
Duration of examination3 hours
Sections in the examination
  • GA, that is, General Aptitude
  • Candidate Selected Subject
Number of Papers in GATE 202429
Question Paper Type
  • MCQs, that is, Multiple Choice Questions
  • MCQs, that is, Multiple Select Questions
  • NAT, that is, Numerical Answer Type Questions
Total Number of Questions65 Questions that include ten questions from General Aptitude
Design of QuestionsGATE 2024 questions would be designed for testing the application ability, analysis ability, comprehension ability, synthesis ability and recall ability
Distribution of questions in all papers apart from AR, EY, MA, XL, CY, GG and XH

General aptitude – 15 Marks

Engineering Mathematics – 13 Marks

Subject Questions – 72 Marks

Distribution of questions in CY, GG, PH, XL, AR, EY, MA and XH

General Aptitude – 15 Marks

Questions from the concerned subjects – 85 Marks

Maximum Marks100
Marking SchemeThe value of questions will be 1 or 2 marks
Negative Marking

There will be 2 types of MCQs –

  1. MCQ wherein the candidate will obtain 1 mark for every correct answer and 1/3 mark going to be cut off for every incorrect answer
  2. MCQ wherein the candidate will obtain 2 marks for every correct answer and 2/3 marks will be deducted for every wrong answer

No -ve are marking for NAT and MSQ questions.

GATE Exam Pattern 2024 – Paper Code-Wise

In the table given below, the paper code-wise subject weightage is covered for GATE Exam 2024.

Paper CodeExamination Pattern
CE, EC, AG, CH, MN, EE, TF, PE, PI, CS, AE, BT, ME, MT, IN, XE and ST

The subject of the paper – 72 questions

General aptitude – 15

Engineering Mathematics – 13 questions

AR, EY, MA, PH, XL, CY, GG and XH

General Aptitude – 15

The subject of the paper – 85

Difference Between GATE Syllabus and IES Syllabus

Full-FormIndian Engineering ServicesGraduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
Exam Conducting BodyIES is managed by UPSCGATE is organised by any one of the IITs
Exam PurposeES is organised for central government jobs in different departments.The GATE examination is mainly organized to offer admission to the Master’s course with IITs and NITs
Exam Level3 Different levels (pre, mains and interview)Single Level
Branches Included

4 Branches

  • Mechanical
  • Civil
  • Electrical
  • Electronics and Telecommunication
29 Discipline

Civil Engineering Topics for GATE 2024 

Analysis of Precipitation Data

Cost Analysis of Implements and Tractors

Biological and Engineering Measures to Control Erosion

Darcy’s Law

Chain Surveying

Design and Evaluation of Irrigation Methods

Check Dams and Farm Ponds

Drought and its Classification

Classification of Pumps

Earthen Dams

Computation of Areas and Volume

Flood Routing

Construction and Operation of Manual

Flow in Open Channels

Consumptive Use and Evapotranspiration

Fluid Mechanics

Continuity Equation

Fourier, Taylor and Maclaurin Series

Convection and Radiation

Gauss and Green’s Theorem

Preparation Tips For GATE Syllabus 2024

  1. Start Early for GATE 2024 Preparation. It will give you a time benefit for the preparation.
  2. Analyse thoroughly the GATE Syllabus and GATE Exam Pattern 2024 because it will give you an idea of how the questions will be asked.
  3. Make a smart GATE Preparation Strategy and follow it.
  4. Focus on the General Aptitude Paper. They are scoring and easy to score as well if you are preparing well.
  5. Attempt the GATE Mock Test Series and Solve the Previous Year’s Papers for the GATE
  6. Minimum Resources, Maximum Revision. This will help the candidates to revise the information effectively while they can invest maximum effort and time to practice the papers and analyze their weak and stronger points.
  7. Use Virtual Calculators so that you will be able to use them without any hustle at the exam centre
  8. Follow a Schedule without any gaps. Being time-bound will only help you to achieve your goals.

Also see:

What is Section Wise Marks Distribution for GATE?

General aptitude and engineering mathematics will be required sections in GATE 2024 and will each have a 15% weighting in the final score on GATE papers with the following codes: AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF, and XE. The student’s chosen topic will receive the remaining 70% of the weight.

General aptitude will be a required part of the GATE 2024 question papers AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, ST, and XL (15 % of the total marks). The chosen subject will receive the remaining 85% of the weight.

Paper CodesGeneral Aptitude (GA) MarksSubject MarksTotal Marks

Total Time


AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, CY, EC, EE, ES, EY, IN, MA, ME, MN, MT, PE, PH, PI, TF, ST, and BM1585100180
GG [Part A + Part B (Section 1 Geology Or Section 2 Geophysics)]1525 + 60100180
AR [Part A + Part B (Section 1 Architecture Or Section 2 Planning)]1525 + 60100180
XE (Section A + Any Two Sections)1515 + (2 x 35)100180
XH (Section B1 + Any One Section)1525 +( 1 x 60)100180
XL (Section P + Any Two Sections)1525 + (2 x 30)100180

Mechanical Engineering Topics for GATE 2024 

Additive Manufacturing

Angular Momentum

Adiabatic Chemical Dehumidification

Axial Compressors


Basic Concepts of CAD/CAM

Aggregate Production Planning

Basic Concepts of Compressibility

Air-Fuel Ratio

Basic Psychrometric Processes

Airplane Performance

Basics of Compressible Fluid Flow

Alignment and Testing Method


Analytic Functions

Boundary Layer

Angle of Attack

Brake Thermal Efficiency

Subject Wise Marks Distribution – GATE 2024

GATE Syllabus 2023 PDF DownloadSectional-weightage
General AptitudeEngineering MathematicsCore Discipline
GATE Syllabus 2023 Aerospace Engineering (AE) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Agricultural Engineering (AG) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Architecture and Planning (AR) PDF15 marks

Part A: 60 marks

Part B1 or B2: 25 marks

GATE Syllabus 2023 Biomedical Engineering (BM) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Biotechnology (BT) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Civil Engineering (CE) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Chemical Engineering (CH) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Computer Science and Information Technology (CS) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Chemistry (CY) PDF15 marks85 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Electrical Engineering (EE) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Environmental Science and Engineering (ES) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Ecology and Evolution (EY) PDF15 marks85 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Geomatics Engineering (GG) PDF(New Paper)15 marks

Part A: 55 marks

Part B (Section I or Section II): 30 marks

GATE Syllabus 2023 Geology and Geophysics (GG) PDF15 marks

Part A: 25 marks

Part B (Geology or Geophysics): 60 marks

GATE Syllabus 2023 Instrumentation Engineering (IN) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Mathematics (MA) PDF15 marks85 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Mechanical Engineering (ME) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Mining Engineering (MN) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Metallurgical Engineering (MT) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Naval Architecture & Marine Engineering (NM) PDF(New Paper)15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Petroleum Engineering (PE) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Physics (PH) PDF15 marks85 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Production and Industrial Engineering (PI) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Statistics (ST) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF) PDF15 marks13 marks72 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Engineering Sciences (XE) PDF15 marks15 marks70 marks
GATE Syllabus 2023 Humanities and Social Sciences (XH) PDF15 marks

Reasoning & Comprehension: 25 marks

Core Discipline: 60 marks

GATE Syllabus 2023 Life Sciences (XL) PDF15 marks

Chemistry: 25 marks

Core Discipline: 60 marks

Chemical Engineering Topics for GATE 2024 


Control Valves

Agitation and Mixing


Analysis of Closed-Loop Control System

Dehumidification and Adsorption

Cauchy’s and Euler’s Equations

Deterministic Models

Centrifuge and Cyclones

Dew Point Temperature

Chemical Reaction Equilibrium

Eigenvalues and Eigenvector

Complex Number

Elementary Boundary Layer Theory

Condensation and Evaporation

Elementary Turbulent Flow

Conditional Probability



A GATE Exam Pattern is also quite beneficial for students getting ready for the GATE exams. The best strategy to perform well and do well in the examinations is to study according to the curriculum and the distribution of marks described in this examination pattern. The GATE exam papers are all entirely objective. There may be some MCQs (Multiple Choice Questions) and questions with numerical answers (NAT) in experiment 1. The entire marking scheme for GATE is provided, and students are urged to review the marks & topic weighting.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Find answers to all the questions you have about the latest GATE syllabus.

What is the GATE syllabus?

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Ans: There are 29 subjects in the GATE 2023 syllabus. Although it is there on the official website of GATE, we have got you covered here. We have p...Read full

What are the subjects or sections covered in the GATE 2023 Syllabus?

Ans: The GATE 2023 examinations consist of 3 different sections namely, Mathematics, Engineering and General Aptitude.

How many papers in total are there for the GATE 2023 examination?

Ans: There are 29 papers for the GATE 2023 examination. 

Is GATE 2023 Syllabus released?

Ans: Yes...Read full