Biomedical Engineering is one of the subject papers offered in the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) examination. Candidates opting for this subject may check out the detailed syllabus below. Other than Engineering Mathematics, the Biomedical Engineering (Code: BM) paper for GATE 2022 includes a variety of topics and sub-topics.

**ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS**

**Linear algebra:**

**Calculus:**

**Differential equations:**

**Analysis of complex variables**:

- Residue theorem, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series, Cauchy’s integral theorem and Integral formula, Analytic functions

**Probability and statistics:**

**Numerical methods:**

**Electrical circuits**:

- Voltage and current sources – independent, dependent, ideal and practical; v-i relationships of resistor, inductor and capacitor; transient analysis of RLC circuits with dc excitation; Kirchoff’s laws, superposition, Thevenin, Norton, maximum power transfer and reciprocity theorems; Peak, average and rms values of ac quantities; apparent, active and reactive powers; phasor analysis, impedance and admittance; series and parallel resonance, realization of basic filters with R, L and C elements, Bode plot.
**Signals and systems:****Analog and digital electronics:**- Basic characteristics and applications of diode, BJT and MOSFET; Characteristics and applications of operational amplifiers – difference amplifier, adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator, instrumentation amplifier, buffer, filters and waveform generators. Number systems, Boolean algebra; combinational logic circuits – arithmetic circuits, comparators, Schmitt trigger, encoder/decoder, MUX/DEMUX, multi-vibrators; Sequential circuits – latches and flip flops, state diagrams, shift registers and counters; Principles of ADC and DAC; Microprocessor- architecture, interfacing memory and input- output devices.

**Measurements and control systems:**- SI units, systematic and random errors in measurement, expression of uncertainty -accuracy and precision index, propagation of errors; PMMC, MI and dynamometer type instruments; dc potentiometer; bridges for measurement of R, L and C, Q-meter. Basics of control system – transfer function.

**Sensors and bio-instrumentation:**

**Human anatomy and physiology:**- Basics of organ systems – musculoskeletal, respiratory, circulatory, excretory, endocrine, nervous, gastrointestinal and reproductive; Homeostasis; Basics of cell, types of tissues and organ systems
**Medical imaging systems:****Biomechanics:**

**Biomaterials:**Basic properties of biomaterials – Metallic, Ceramic, Polymeric and Composite; Fundamental characteristics of implants – biocompatibility, bioactivity, biodegradability; Basics of drug delivery; Basics of tissue engineering. Biomaterial characterization techniques – Rheology, Atomic Force Microscopy, Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy.