GATE Exam » Public Sector Undertakings (PSU)

Public Sector Undertakings (PSU)

PSU Recruitment: Find the latest job vacancies in public sector companies in India. One stop destination for all PSU job notifications.

What is PSU?

The public sector undertakings is a part of the economy that comprises all organisations that are owned and operated by the government. This includes everything from schools and hospitals to roads and bridges. 

Objectives of Setting up Public Sector Undertakings (PSU)

  1. To make an industrial base in the country
  2. To enhance the quality of employment
  3. To develop basic infrastructure to improve the quality of life
  4. To cooperate with government and provide them resources
  5. To promote exports and become self-reliant
  6. To accelerate the economic growth and development by reducing inequalities in the country.

Why is PSU a good career choice?

Career in Public Sector undertakings is a good career choice as it gives life a sense of purpose and new innovative ideas. This can help in making life better for oneself and others. Working in the public sector companies can keep an individual’s mind active and adaptive.

Types of PSUs - Maharatna, Navratna

On the basis of various parameters such as Indian Stock Exchange, global presence, income generated and annual revenue the PSU are divided into 3 types-

  1. Maharatna PSUs (BHEL, GAIL, IOCL, SAIL)
  2. Navratna PSUs (BEL, Oil India Limited, Power Grid)
  3. Mini-ratna PSUs (Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited, PEC Limited, THDC India Limited)

PSU Recruitment through GATE 2022 – Vacancies

Name of PSUApplication DateNumber of PostsDiscipline
Power GridTo be notified50
ET (Electrical)/ET (Electronics) ET (Civil)
Electrical Engineering
HPGCLTo be notified201
Electrical, Mechanical, and Civil
GAILTo be notifiedChemical – 15
Instrumentation – 10
Chemical, Petrochemical, Chemical Technology, Petrochemical Technology, Instrumentation, Instrumentation & Control, Electronics & Instrumentation, Electrical & Instrumentation, Electronics, Electrical & Electronics
DRDOTo be notifiedTo be notified
Electronics & Comm. Engg, Mechanical Engg, Computer Science & Engg, Chemical Engg, Chemistry, Physics, Electrical Engg, Aeronautical Engg, Mathematics, Metallurgy, Material Science, Civil Engg, Geology, Instrumentation Engg, Textile Engg, Production/Industrial Production Engg, Food Science
NPCILTo be notified200
Mechanical, Chemical, Electrical, Electronics, Instrumentation, Civil, Industrial, and Fire Safety engineering
NMDCTo be notifiedElectrical- 10
Materials Management – 25
Mechanical – 14
Mining – 18
Electrical, Materials Management, Mechanical, Mining
NHPC LimitedTo be notifiedCivil – 30
Civil and Mechanical
KIOCL LimitedTo be notified25
Mechanical/Metallurgical, Electrical/Electrical and Electronics, Electronics & Communication/ Instrumentation & Control, Electronics & Communication/ Computer Science, Mining
AAITo be notified360
Civil/ Electrical/Electronics/ Telecommunications/ Electrical with specialization in Electronics / Architecture
NTPC LimitedTo be notified280
Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics, and Instrumentation
NHAITo be notified41
Civil Engineering
NALCOTo be notified120
Mechanical, Electrical, Metallurgy, Electronics, Instrumentation Engineering
BISTo be notified150
Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, Computer Engineering, Food Technology, Chemical Engineering, Bio-Technology, Petro-Chemical Engineering, Biomedical Engineering
HURLTo be notified80
Chemical, Mechanical, Electrical and Instrumentation
ECILTo be notified64
Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Electronics Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Mechanical [Production] Engineering, Computer Science Engineering, Computer Engineering, Computer Technology
OMPLTo be notified16
Chemical, Mechanical, Electrical, Instrumentation and IT
SAILTo be notified399
Mechanical, Electrical, Mining, Chemical, Instrumentation, Metallurgy
PSPCLTo be notified111
Electrical/ Electrical & Electronics Engineering/ Civil Engineering/ Computer Science/ IT
MNRETo be notified10
Natural or Agricultural Science or Bachelor’s Degree in Engineering or Technology or Medicine from a recognized university or institute.
CVPPPLTo be notified20Civil
BMRCTo be notified25Civil
Bihar PHEDTo be notified70
Mechanical and Civil Engineering
BSNLTo be notified198
Electrical/Civil Engineering
MDLTo be notified8
Mechanical, Mechanical & Industrial, Mechanical & Production, Production , Production & Management, Production & Industrial, Electrical, Electrical & Electronics, Electrical & Instrumentation
MGLTo be notified15
Mechanical, Electrical, Civil, Instrumentation
RITESTo be notifiedTo be notified
Civil Engineering/ Mechanical Engineering/ Production Engineering/ Industrial Engineering/ Automobile Engineering/ Electrical Engineering/ Electrical & Electronics Engineering/ Electronics Engineering/ Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering/ Electronics & Communication Engineering/ Electronics & Electrical Engineering/ Computer Science/ IT/ Computer Engineering/ Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering
Centre For Railway Information SystemsTo be notified50
Computer Science & Engineering or Computer Science or Computer Technology or Information Technology or Computer Science & Information Technology or Computer Applications, or MCA or B.Sc (Computer Science – 4 Year degree course)
Haryana Power UtilitiesTo be notified107
Electronics, Electronics & Communication, Electronics & Electrical, Communication, Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Electrical & Electronics
MRPLTo be notified27
Electrical, Mechanical, Civil, Chemical, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Instrumentation and Information Engineering
DDATo be notified14
Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering
DMRCTo be notified35
Civil Engineering

PSUs Salary Structure

OrganizationStatusSalary Structure
Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC)MaharatnaRs. 60,000-1,80,000
Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)MaharatnaRs. 60,000-1,80,000
National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC)MaharatnaRs. 60,000-1,80,000
Coal India Limited (CIL)MaharatnaRs. 60,000-1,80,000
Steel Authority of India (SAIL)MaharatnaRs. 60,000-1,80,000
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)MaharatnaRs. 60,000-1,80,000
Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL)MaharatnaRs. 60,000-1,80,000
Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited (NLC)NavratnaRs.20600-3%-46500
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)NavratnaRs. 60,000-1,80,000
Oil India Limited (OIL)NavratnaRs. 60,000-1,80,000
Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL)NavratnaRs. 60,000-1,80,000
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)NavratnaRs.16,400-Rs. 40,500
National Mineral Development Corporation Limited (NMDC)NavratnaRs. 40000-3%-140000
Power Finance Corporation LimitedNavratnaRs. 40,000-3%-1,40,000
National Aluminum Company Limited (NALCO)NavratnaRs. 60,000-1,80,000
Mazagaon Docks Limited (MDL)Mini-RatnaRs. 40,000-1,40,000
Airport Authority of India Limited (AAI)Mini-RatnaManager- Rs.60,000-1,80,000
Junior Executive: 
Rs. 40,000-1,40,000
Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL)Mini-RatnaLevel 10 of the Pay Matrix
– 7th CPC (Rs.56,100/-)
Mineral Exploration Corporation LimitedMini-RatnaRs. 60,000-1,80,000

PSUs Age Criteria

OrganizationAge Criteria
Bridge & Roof co. (I) Ltd24 years24-27 years29 years29 years-General 32 years-OBC 34 years- SC/ST  
BHEL27 years27-30 years32 years32 years-General 35 years-OBC 37 years- SC/ST  
ONGC30 years30-33 years35 years35 years-General 38 years-OBC 40 years- SC/ST  
NTPC27 years27-30 years32 years32 years-General 35 years-OBC 37 years-SC/ST  
SAIL30 years30-33 years35 years35 years-General 38 years-OBC 40 years- SC/ST  
IOCL26 years26-29 years31 years31 years-General 34 years-OBC 36 years- SC/ST  
ISRO28 years28-31 years33 years33 years-General 36 years-OBC 38 years- SC/ST  
PGCIL28 years28-31 years33 years33 years-General 36 years-OBC 38 years- SC/ST  
HAL28 years28-31 years33 years33 years-General 36 years-OBC 38 years- SC/ST  
NALCO30 years30-33 years35 years33 years-General 36 years-OBC 38 years- SC/ST  
GAIL28 years28-31 years33 years33 years-General 36 years-OBC 38 years- SC/ST  
DRDO28 years28-31 years33 years33 years-General 36 years-OBC 38 years- SC/ST  
DMRC28 years28-31 years33 years33 years-General 36 years-OBC 38 years- SC/ST  
GAIL26 years26-29 years31 years31 years-General 34 years-OBC 36 years- SC/ST  
BPCL28 years28-31 years33 years33 years-General 36 years-OBC 38 years- SC/ST  
MTNL30 years30-33 years35 years35 years-General 38 years-OBC 40 years- SC/ST  
HPCL25 years25-28 years30 years30 years-General 33 years-OBC 35 years- SC/ST  
BEL25 years25-28 years30 years30 years-General 33 years-OBC 35 years- SC/ST  
BARC28 years28-31 years33 years33 years-General 36 years-OBC 38 years- SC/ST  
Indian Railways22 to 35 age Group22 to 35 age group + relaxable upto 3 years22 to 35 age group +relaxable by 5 years22 to 35 age group + 5 years-General 8 years-OBC 10 years- SC/ST  
VIZAG STEEL25 years25-28 years30 years30 years-General 33 years-OBC 35 years- SC/ST  
NHPC30 years30-33 years35 years35 years-General 38 years-OBC 40 years- SC/ST  
BSNL30 years30-33 years35 years35 years-General 38 years-OBC 40 years- SC/ST  
PRASAR BHARATI27 years27-30 years32 years32 years-General 35 years-OBC 37 years-SC/ST  

PSUs Percentage Criteria

OrganizationStreams ApplicablePercentage
BHELEC, EE, ME, MT60606060
ONGCECE, EE, ME, CE, CS, IN, CH,60606060
NTPCEC, EE, ME, EC, CS, IN65655555
SAILEC, EE, ME, CS, IN, CH, Metallurgy, Ceramics65655555
IOCLEC, EE, ME, CE, CS, IN65655555
ISROEC, EE, ME, CS65656565
PGCILEC, EE, ME, Industrial, Production CS, IN, EE, ME, CS, IT, C&I,6565passpass
NALCOEE, ME, CS, IT, C&I, Civil, Chemical, Metallurgy, Mining,65655555
GAILEC, EE, ME, CS, IN, CH65656060
DRDOEC, ME, EE, CS, CH60605555
DMRCEC, EE, ME, CE60605555
BPCLME, CS, IN60605555
MTNLEC, EE, CS, IT60605555
HPCLEC, EE, ME, CE, IN, CH60605050
BELEC, EE, ME, CE, CS, CH, Telecommunication6060passpass
Indian RailwaysEC, EE, ME, CEpasspasspasspass
ECILEC, EE, ME, CE, CS, E&I65655555
VIZAG STEELEC, EE, ME, CE, CH, IN, Ceramics,60605050
NHPCEE, ME, CE60605050
SJVNLEC, EE, ME, Civil, IT55505050
BSNLTelecommunication, EC, Radio, CS, EE, IT, CE60605555
BHARATI PRASAREC, EE, ITpasspasspasspass

Public Sector Undertaking – Reforms

  1. 1991 New Industrial Policy 
  2. 1988 (Golden Handshake), Voluntary Retirement Scheme 
  3. Administered Price Mechanism
  4. The policy of Navratnas (Best performing PSUs were named Navaratnas)
  5. The policy of Mini Ratnas 
  6. The policy of Maharatnas

Some Important Criterias of Public Sector Unions

  • Net profit should be 2500 crores
  • Net worth should be 10000 crores 
  • Turnover should be 20000 crores
  • PSU must be a Navratna and must be added in Stock exchange 
  • PSU also must have a significant global presence.
  • In 2010, 4 Navratnas Maharatnas status was given to ONGC, IOCL, SAIL, and NTPC. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Get answers to the most common queries related to the GATE Examination Preparation.

What are PSU jobs?

Answer: PSU jobs are those which provide a secured future with average to high income packages like ...Read full

What are the different types of Public Sector undertaking?

Answer: The different types of PSU are Departmental, statutory and Governmental Undertakings.

What is the role of the Public Sector in India?

Answer: The roles of PSU in India include public sector & capital generation, creation of Employment Opportuniti...Read full

Is PSU a Govt Job?

Answer: PSU jobs are said to be 100% government sector jobs. PSU jobs are one of the most secure jobs in India....Read full

What are jobs available in Government Undertaking Companies?

Answer: The job vacancies for Vice President of Marketing, Finance Manager, Executive, etc are ...Read full

How can I get a job at PSU?

Answer: You can get PSU jobs through GATE scores, other entrance examinations or by direct recruitment for students ...Read full

What is the Eligibility for PSU?

Answer: The Students should secure a minimum 60% of marks in their qualifying exam and should hold a degree of ...Read full