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GATE 2024 Syllabus for Civil Engineering – Download PDF

GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2024

The candidates are appearing for the Civil Engineering paper of the GATE 2024 should be well aware of the Civil Engineering Syllabus. GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus comprises the topics and concepts, based on which the questions will be asked in the GATE 2024 exam. Knowing the GATE 2024 syllabus for Civil Engineering will help the candidates to understand the chapters, their weightage and will enhance their preparation more efficiently. GATE 2024 syllabus for Civil Engineering will help the candidates to plan their preparation. 

Download PDF of GATE 2024 Civil Engineering Syllabus

GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus consists of the different 7 sections. The main topics for the GATE 2024 syllabus for Civil Engineering Syllabus are Engineering Mathematics, Geotechnical Engineering, Structural Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Transportation Engineering and Geomatics Engineering.

Get here the details about the sub-topics and important topics covered under each section. Download the PDF below.

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GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus:

Candidates writing the GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) 2024 exam may choose from a total of 29 subject papers. One of the papers is Civil Engineering. Here is the detailed syllabus for Civil Engineering – code CE. The paper is divided into 7 sections with different topics under each section:

Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra:

  • Systems Of Linear Equations
  • Matrix Algebra
  • Eigen Values And Eigen Vectors


  • Evaluation Of Definite And Indefinite Integrals, Application Of Definite Integral To Obtain Area And Volume
  • Limit, Continuity, And Differentiability
  • Gradient, Divergence And Curl, Vector Identities
  • Taylor Series
  • Functions Of Single Variable
  • Mean Value Theorems, Local Maxima And Minima
  • Partial Derivatives
  • Total Derivative
  • Line, Surface And Volume Integrals
  • Directional Derivatives

Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE): 

  • Initial And Boundary Value Problems
  • Euler-cauchy Equations
  • Higher Order Linear Equations With Constant Coefficients
  • First Order (Linear And Nonlinear) Equations

Partial Differential Equation (PDE): 

  • First And Second Order One-dimensional Wave Equation And Two Dimensional Laplace Equation
  • Fourier Series
  • Separation Of Variables
  • Solutions Of One-Dimensional Diffusion Equation

Probability and Statistics: 

  • Linear Regression
  • Sampling Theorems
  • Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode, and standard deviation
  • Random Variables – Discrete and Continuous, Poisson and Normal Distribution
  • Conditional Probability

Numerical Methods: 

  • Single And Multi-step Methods For First Order Differential Equations
  • Newton’s And Lagrange Polynomials
  • Numerical Solutions Of Linear And Non-linear Algebraic Equation
  • Error Analysis
  • Integration By Trapezoidal And Simpson’s Rule
  • Numerical Differentiation

Section 2: Structural Engineering

Engineering Mechanics:

  • Free Vibrations Of Undamped SDOF System
  • Internal Forces In Structures
  • System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations
  • Centre Of Mass
  • Frictions And Its Applications

Solid Mechanics:

  • Simple Bending Theory, Flexural And Shear Stresses, Shear Centre
  • Simple Stress And Strain Relationships
  • Buckling Of Column, Combined And Direct Bending Stresses
  • Uniform Torsion, Transformation Of Stress
  • Bending Moment And Shear Force In Statically Determinate Beams

Structural Analysis:

  • Method Of Superposition
  • Statically Determinate And Indeterminate Structures By Force/ Energy Methods
  • Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames
  • Influence Lines
  • Displacement Methods: Slope Deflection and Moment Distribution Methods
  • Stiffness And Flexibility Methods Of Structural Analysis

Construction Materials and Management: 

  • Construction Materials: Structural Steel – Composition, Material Properties And Behaviour
  • Construction Management: Types of construction projects
  • Concrete – Constituents, Mix Design, Short-Term And Long-Term Properties
  • Project Planning And Network Analysis – PERT and CPM
  • Cost Estimation

Concrete Structures:

  • Bond and Development Length
  • Working Stress and Limit State Design Concepts
  • Prestressed Concrete Beams
  • Design Of Beams, Slabs, Columns

Steel Structures: 

  • Connections – Simple And Eccentric, Beam-Column Connections, Plate Girders and Trusses
  • Design Of Tension and Compression Members, Beams and Beam- Columns, Column Bases
  • Working Stress And Limit State Design Concepts
  • Concept Of Plastic Analysis -Beams And Frames

Section 3: Geotechnical Engineering

Soil Mechanics:

  • Principle Of Effective Stress And Quicksand Condition
  • Shear Strength, Mohr’s Circle, Effective And Total Shear Strength Parameters, Stress-Strain Characteristics Of Clays And Sand
  • Unified and Indian Standard Soil Classification System
  • Three-Phase System And Phase Relationships, Index Properties
  • Compaction Of Soils
  • One- Dimensional Consolidation, Time Rate Of Consolidation
  • Permeability – One Dimensional Flow, Seepage Through Soils – Two – Dimensional Flow, Flow Nets, Uplift Pressure, Piping, Capillarity, Seepage Force
  • Stress Paths

Foundation Engineering:

  • Deep Foundations – Dynamic And Static Formulae, Axial Load Capacity Of Piles In Sands And Clays, Pile Load Test, Pile Under Lateral Loading, Pile Group Efficiency, Negative Skin Friction
  • Sub-Surface Investigations – Drilling Bore Holes, Sampling, Plate Load Test, Standard Penetration And Cone Penetration Tests
  • Combined Footing And Raft Foundation
  • Contact Pressure
  • Pressure Bulbs, Shallow Foundations – Terzaghi’s And Meyerhoff’s Bearing Capacity Theories, Effect Of Water Table
  • Stress Distribution In Soils – Boussinesq’s Theory
  • Earth Pressure Theories – Rankine And Coulomb; Stability Of Slopes – Finite And Infinite Slopes, Bishop’s Method
  • Settlement Analysis In Sands And Clays

Section 4: Water Resources Engineering

Fluid Mechanics: 

  • Concept Of Boundary Layer and Its Growth
  • Continuity, Momentum And Energy Equations And Their Applications
  • Flow In Pipes, Pipe Networks
  • Properties Of Fluids, Fluid Statics
  • Potential Flow, Laminar And Turbulent Flow
  • Concept Of Lift And Drag


  • Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude
  • Forces on immersed bodies
  • Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, hydraulic jump, uniform flow, gradually varied flow and water surface profiles
  • Flow measurement in channels and pipes


  • Application of Darcy’s Law
  • Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, reservoir capacity, flood estimation and routing, surface runoff models, ground water hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers


  • Cross Drainage Structures
  • Gravity Dams and Spillways
  • Types Of Irrigation Systems and Methods
  • Lined And Unlined Canals, Design Of Weirs On Permeable Foundation
  • Crop Water Requirements – Duty, Delta, Evapotranspiration

Section 5: Environmental Engineering

Water and Waste Water Quality & Treatment:

  • Basics of water quality standards – Physical, chemical and biological parameters
  • Water Quality Index
  • Drinking Water Treatment
  • Sewerage System Design, Quantity Of Domestic Wastewater, Primary Treatment and Secondary Treatment
  • Unit Processes And Operations
  • Water Requirement
  • Effluent Discharge Standards
  • Sludge Disposal
  • Reuse Of Treated Sewage For Different Applications
  • Water Distribution System

Air Pollution:

  • Types Of Pollutants, Their Sources And Impacts
  • Air Quality Index And Limits
  • Air Quality Standards
  • Air Pollution Control

Municipal Solid Wastes: 

  • Engineered Systems For Solid Waste Management (Reuse/ Recycle, Energy Recovery, Treatment And Disposal)
  • Characteristics, Generation, Collection and Transportation Of Solid Wastes

Section 6: Transportation Engineering

Transportation Infrastructure: 

  • Geometric Design Of Railway Track – Speed and Cant
  • Geometric Design Of Highways – Cross-Sectional Elements, Sight Distances, Horizontal And Vertical Alignments
  • Taxiway and Exit Taxiway Design
  • Concept Of Airport Runway Length, Calculations and Corrections

Highway Pavements:

  • Design Factors For Flexible And Rigid Pavements
  • Desirable Properties Of Bituminous Paving Mixes
  • Highway Materials – Desirable Properties And Tests
  • Design Of Flexible And Rigid Pavement Using IRC Codes

Traffic Engineering:

  • Traffic Studies On Flow And Speed, Peak Hour Factor, Accident Study, Statistical Analysis Of Traffic Data
  • Highway Capacity
  • Traffic Signs
  • Types Of Intersections
  • Microscopic And Macroscopic Parameters Of Traffic Flow, Fundamental Relationships
  • Signal Design By Webster’s Method

Section 7: Geomatics Engineering 

  • Basics Of Remote Sensing And GIS
  • Errors And Their Adjustment
  • Principles Of Surveying
  • Traversing And Triangulation Survey
  • Total Station
  • Photogrammetry And Remote Sensing – Scale, Flying Height
  • Horizontal And Vertical Curves
  • Distance And Angle Measurement – Leveling And Trigonometric Leveling
  • Maps – Scale, Coordinate System

GATE Civil Engineering Exam Pattern & Marking Scheme 2024

Here, on this oage we have mentioned the GATE Civil Engineering Marking Scheme. Also, the candidates can check the GATE exam pattern, syllabus and subject marks. All questions will be of 1 or 2 marks. Check here the marking scheme – 

  • General Aptitude for Civil Engineering – 15 Marks
  • Subject Marks – 85 Marks
  • Total Marks will be – 100 Marks
  • The total time allotted for the paper – 3 Hours

The candidates are advised to download the GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus before starting the preparation of the GATE CE examination. Also, once you refer to this syllabus, the candidates are advised to start referring to the GATE study material.

GATE Civil Engineering Exam Pattern Details

Civil Engineering Primary Paper Code CE
Civil Engineering Secondary Paper Code

Aerospace Engineering (A.E.)

Architecture and Planning (A.R.)

Environmental Science & Engg (E.S.)

Geomatics Engineering (G.E.)

Naval Architecture and Marine Engg (N.M.)

Mode o Exam Online
Language of Exam English
Total Marks 100
Number of Questions 65
Types of Questions




Number of Sections

General Aptitude

Engineering Mathematics

Civil Engineering

Weightage by Section

General Aptitude – (15%)

Engineering Mathematics – (13%)

Civil Engineering Subjects – (72%)

Total Time Duration 3 hours (180 minutes)
Sectional Time-Limit None

GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus: Weightage of Important Topics

Check here the weightage of each subject here. These are the best for the candidates who are preparing for the exam as they directly impact the candidates ranking. Check here the GATE Civil Engineering Subject-wise ranking for the important topics –

Subject Name Weightage (In Marks)
General Aptitude 15
Engineering Mathematics 12
Geotech Engineering 15
Environmental Engineering 14
Fluid Mechanics 9
Structural Analysis 6
Strength of Materials 6
Steel Structure 2
Surveying 4
Irrigation & Hydrology 2
Building Material 2
Transportation Engineering 8
Total 100

GATE Civil Engineering Previous Year Weightage of Important Topics

Check here the subject-wise weightage for the Civil Engineering for the year 2019, 2020, 2021 and 2022 for various suvbjects as per the GATE syllabus below –

GATE Subjects GATE 2019 GATE 2020 GATE 2021 GATE 2022
Engineering Mathematics 10.5% 11.5% 13% 13%
Irrigation & Hydrology 5.5% 5.5% 4% 3%
Fluid Mechanics 9% 7.5% 8% 9%
Environmental Engineering 9% 11% 11% 10%
Structural Analysis 4.5% 6% 6% 8%
Geotechnical Engineering 16% 14.5% 15% 13%
Transportation Engineering 9.5% 11% 9% 7%
Geomatics Engineering 6% 14.5% 5% 8%
R.C.C. 5% 5% 5% 5%
Steel Structures 5% 2.5% 3% 2%
General Aptitude 15% 15% 15% 14%
Construction Materials & Management 1% 0.5% 1% 3%
Engineering Mechanics 0.5% 1% 0% 1%
Solid Mechanics 3.5% 4% 2% 2%

Check here the subject-wise weightage for the Civil Engineering for the year 2016, 2017, 2018 for various subjects as per the GATE 2023 syllabus below –

GATE Subjects GATE 2016 GATE 2017 GATE 2018
Engineering Mathematics 15% 12.5% 11.5%
Irrigation & Hydrology 4% 5.5% 5%
Fluid Mechanics 7% 7.5% 8.5%
Environmental Engineering 10% 11% 10%
Structural Analysis 3% 6.5% 1.5%
Geotechnical Engineering 15% 12.5% 14%
Transportation Engineering 6% 8.5% 9.5%
Geomatics Engineering 5% 4.5% 4%
R.C.C. 5% 5% 7%
Steel Structures 3% 2% 4.5%
General Aptitude 15% 15% 15%
Construction Materials & Management 5% 3% 0.5%
Engineering Mechanics 3.5% 1% 3%
Solid Mechanics 3.5% 5.5% 6%

GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2024: Preparation Tips

Good time management – Time management plays an important role in the preparation of the GATE 2024 exam. The candidates should make the most of the time to prepare for the Civil engineering examination. The appropriate division of time will lead you to the aim of your life.

Start the preparation Early – The candidates need to start their GATE Civil Engineering preparation early so that it will give them the proper time to prepare. Make an effective plan which they can use all throughout their preparation time.

Pay attention to the concepts – Keep a firm grip on the fundamentals of the topics that will help you to make the exam even easier. The candidates should have strong conceptual knowledge of the common topics that are usually asked in the exam.

Choose the proper guidance – There are multiple way for the preparation of the examination. The candidates should be able to choose the one which is relevant to them.

Do more revision – GATE CE syllabus is very vast and it is important to keep in touch with everything. The candidates should revise regularly the complete the whole syllabus to make sure you do not forget.

Solve sample papers – Solving GATE sample paper will help you to get a complete of the exam pattern and the type of questions but it will also help you to make plan to segregate your time. Solving these papers is important for you to the exam point of view.

Reference Books for GATE 2024 Civil Engineering Syllabus

The candidates can check here the best books for GATE 2024 Civil Engineering –

  • Strength of Materials by UC Jindal
  • Strucrtual Analysis by CS Reddy
  • RCC Design by B.C.Punmia, Ashok Kumar Jain, Arun Jain
  • Design of Steel Structures by SK Duggal
  • Water Supply Engineering by SK Duggal
  • Sewage Disposal And Air Pollution Engineering by SK Duggal
  • Basics and Applied Soil mechanics by Gopal Ranjan and ASR Rao
  • Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics by Dr. PN Modi
  • Highway Engi by SK Khanna
  • Surveying by BC Punia, Arun Jain
  • Engineering Hydrology by K Subramanya
  • Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures by SK Garg
  • Higher Engineering Mathematics by BS Grewal
  • Quantitative Aptitude by RS Aggarwl

GATE Civil Engineering Previous Year Question Papers and Answer Keys 

The candidates who will appear for the GATE Civil Engineering examination 2024 can download the question paper and start practicing for the examination. There were two sessions of the GATE Civil Engineering examination 2022. The question paper of the GATE Civil Engineering examination consists of 65 questions each paper with 100 marks in it. Also, the question papers from other years are available for the candidates to download. Previous Years’ Question Papers will help the candidates to prepare for the examination more confidently.

The candidates who are preparing for the coming examination in the year 2024 and want to download year-wise question papers can go through the question papers along with the answers key and may download from the table below.

GATE Civil Engineering Cutoff

GATE qualifying cut-off will be released by the IIT Kanpur. The cut-off marks are the minimum marks required for the admission to the MTech, MSc and PhD courses offered at the participating universities and institutions. The GATE cut-off is decided on the basis of the various factors such as total number of available seats, marks obtained by the candidates, total number of candidates appeared for the exam and much more. Those who qualify for the GATE exam will be able to participate in the counselling sessions for the admission into IITs, NITs and CFTIs.

Top 5 tips to Prepare GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2024

  1. Understand the Syllabus: Familiarize yourself with the GATE Civil Engineering syllabus for 2024. Break it down into sections and topics, and create a study plan accordingly.

  2. Quality Study Material: Use standard textbooks and study materials recommended for GATE Civil Engineering. Choose books that cover the syllabus comprehensively.

  3. Practice Regularly: Solve previous years’ GATE question papers and take mock tests to assess your preparation. Practice is key to improving problem-solving skills and time management.

  4. Time Management: Create a study schedule that allocates sufficient time to each topic based on its weightage in the exam. Ensure you have dedicated time for revision.

  5. Stay Healthy and Stay Positive: Take care of your physical and mental well-being. A healthy lifestyle and a positive mindset will help you stay focused and perform better in the exam.


Frequently Asked Questions

Get the important frequently asked questions for GATE Civil Engineering syllabus.

When is the GATE 2023 Civil Engineering syllabus expected to be released?

Answer: IIT Kanpur has published the GATE 2023 Civil Engineering syllabus at

What are the main sections of the GATE Civil Engineering (CE) Syllabus?

Answer: GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 2023 is divided into seven major sections. Engineering Mathematics, Structural Engineering, Geotechnical En...Read full

What are the topics covered in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus under Engineering Mechanics?

Answer: Topics included under Engineering Mechanics in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus are: Free Vibrations Of Undamped SDOF System...Read full

What topics are covered in the GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus for concrete structures?

Answer: The GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus includes the following topics under concrete structures: Working stress and Limit state de...Read full