# Petroleum Engineering (PE)

Candidates preparing for Petroleum Engineering in the GATE 2022 exam must find out the syllabus in detail. Here is the latest syllabus of Petroleum Engineering, including all topics and sub-topics.

Candidates writing the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) 2022 Examination may opt from a total of 29 subject papers. Given below is the detailed syllabus for Petroleum Engineering (Code: PE). The syllabus is fairly extensive and includes a plethora of topics and sub-topics.

## Linear Algebra:

• Matrix Algebra
• EigenValues And Eigenvectors
• Systems Of Linear Equations

## Calculus:

• Functions Of Single Variable
• Total Derivative
• Taylor Series
• Mean Value Theorems
• Limit, Continuity And Differentiability
• Partial Derivatives
• Directional Derivatives
• Maxima And Minima
• Vector Identities
• Line, Surface And Volume Integrals
• Evaluation Of Definite And Improper Integrals
• Stokes, Gauss And Green’s Theorems

## Differential equations:

• First Order Equations (Linear And Nonlinear)
• Initial And Boundary Value Problems
• Higher Order Linear Differential Equations With Constant Coefficients
• Cauchy’s And Euler’s Equations
• Solutions Of One Dimensional Heat And Wave Equations And Laplace Equation
• Laplace Transforms

## Complex variables:

• Polar Form Of Complex Number
• Complex Number
• Triangle Inequality

## Probability and Statistics:

• Normal And Binomial Distributions
• Definitions Of Probability And Sampling Theorems
• Poisson
• Random Variables
• Mean, Median, Mode And Standard Deviation
• Conditional Probability
• Linear Regression Analysis

## Numerical Methods:

• Integration By Trapezoidal And Simpson’s Rule
• Numerical Solutions Of Linear And Non-Linear Algebraic Equations
• Single And Multi-Step Methods For Numerical Solution Of Differential Equations

## Petroleum Exploration:

• Origin, Migration And Accumulation Of Petroleum
• Classification And Description Of Some Common Rocks With Special Reference To Clastic And Non Clastic Reservoir Rocks
• Petroleum Exploration Methods

## Oil and Gas Well Drilling Technology:

• Drill String & Casing String Function, Operations, Selection & Design
• Drilling Method
• Application Of Horizontal, Multilateral, Extended Reach, Slim Wells
• Drilling Fluids Function And Properties
• Drilling Fluid Maintenance Equipment
• Directional Drilling Tools
• Drill Bit Types And Their Applications
• Well Planning
• Drilling Rigs Rig Operating Systems
• Drilling Problems, Their Control & Remedies
• Directional Survey
• Oil & Gas Well Cementing Operations

## Reservoir Engineering:

• Reservoir Drives, Drive Mechanics And Recovery Factors
• Coring And Core Analysis
• Water And Gas Coning
• Reserve Estimation & Techniques
• Flow Of Fluids Through Porous Media
• Phase Behavior Of Hydrocarbon System
• Reservoir Pressure Measurements
• Reservoir Fluid Properties
• Petrophysical Properties Of Reservoir Rocks

## Petroleum Production Operations:

• Well Equipment
• Pressure Vessels, Storage Tanks, Shell And Tube Heat Exchangers, Pumps And Compressors, LNG Value Chain
• Well Completion Techniques
• Artificial lift techniques
• Formation Damage
• Metering And Measurements Of Oil & Gas
• Workover & Completion Fluids
• Well Servicing & Workover Operations
• Multiphase Flow In Tubing And Flow-Lines
• Well Production Problems And Mitigation
• Field Processing Of Oil & Gas
• Storage and Transportation Of Petroleum And Petroleum Products
• Production Testing
• Production System Analysis & Optimization
• Multiphase Flow In Tubing And Flow-Lines
• Nodal System Analysis
• Well Stimulation Techniques

## Offshore Drilling and Production Practices:

• Use Of Conductors And Risers
• Deep Water Applications Of Subsea Technology
• Offshore Drilling From Fixed Platform, Jack-Up, Ships And Semi Submersibles
• Offshore Well Completion
• Offshore Fixed Platforms, Offshore Mobile Units, Station Keeping Methods Like Mooring & Dynamic Positioning System
• Offshore Oil And Gas Operations & Ocean Environment
• Offshore production: Oil processing platforms, water injection platforms, storage, SPM and SBM transportation and utilities.
• Deep water drilling rig
• Deep water production system
• Emerging deep water technologies

## Petroleum Formation Evaluation:

• Evaluation Of CBL/VDL, USIT, SFT, RFT
• Cross-Plotting Methods
• Special Type Of Logging Tools
• Evaluation Of Petrophysical Of Sub-Surface Formations: Principles Applications, Advantages And Disadvantages Of SP, Resistivity, Radioactive, Acoustic Logs And Types Of Tools Used
• Casing Inspection Tools (Principles, Applications And Limitations), Formations Micro Scanner (FMS), NMR Logging Principles
• Production Logging Tools, Principles, Limitations And Applications

## Oil and Gas Well Testing:

• Injection Well Testing
• Interference Testing, Pulse Testing, Well-Test Analysis By Use Of Type Curves
• Principle Of Superposition
• Gas Well Testing
• Multilayer Reservoirs
• Drill Stem Testing
• Pressure Transient Tests: Drawdown And Build Up-Test Analysis
• Diffusivity Equation, Derivation & Solutions
• Wellbore Effects
• Multiple Well Testing
• Horner’s Approximation

## Health Safety and Environment in Petroleum Industry:

• Offshore Oil Spill And Oil Spill Control
• Health Hazards In Petroleum Industry: Toxicity, Physiological, Asphyxiation, Respiratory And Skin Effect Of Petroleum Hydrocarbons, Sour Gasses
• Safety System: Manual & Automatic Shutdown System, Blow Down Systems.
• Fire Detection And Suppression Systems
• Personal Protection System & Measures
• Waste Treatment Methods
• Environment: Environment Concepts, Impact On Ecosystem, Air, Water And Soil
• Disaster & Crisis Management In Petroleum Industry
• Gas Detection System
• Offshore Environmental Studies
• The Impact Of Drilling & Production Operations On The Environment, Environmental Transport Of Petroleum Wastes
• HSE Policies

## Enhanced Oil Recovery Techniques:

• Macroscopic And Microscopic Displacement Efficiency
• Basic Principles And Mechanism Of EOR, Screening Of EOR Process
• EOR Methods: Chemical Flooding, Miscible Flooding, Thermal Recoveries (Steam Stimulation, Hot Water & Steam Flooding, In-Situ Combustion), Microbial EOR
• Concept Of Pattern Flooding, Recovery Efficiency, Permeability Heterogeneity

## Latest trends in Petroleum Engineering:

• Coal Bed Methane, Shale Gas, Oil Shale, Gas Hydrate, And Heavy Oil