TARGET JRF 2018 LAST MINUTE REVISION 30 MOST IMPORTANT TOPICS PAPER 1 TARGET 80+
RESEARCH ETHICS PART IV
Important Measures to Make Research More Ethical 1. Informed consent: The provision of informed consent also includes the knowledge that the informed participation is voluntary and that participants can withdraw from the study at any time.
. 2. Protective research design: This involves estimating the probability of happening of harmful effects, their severity, and the likely duration of these effects.
3. Screening: It is an attempt to select only those individuals for study who show a high tolerance for potential risks.
4. Pilot studies: When the potential harms are uncertain, a useful precaution involves a pilot study with follow-up diagnostic interviews to assess the effects and request advice from the participants.
.5. Outside proposal review: Requesting others to review research proposals is a helpful precaution in minimizing risks. 6. Professional codes: Two features of professional codes are important for discussion. First, professional codes have been developed inductively from the wide research experiences of professionals. . Second, professional codes place strong emphasis orn researchers' responsibility for their research.
7. Government regulations: Government regulations such as state and central laws are designed to protect or advance the interests of society and its individuals. Thus, researchers are required to take certain precautions.
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