TARGET JRF 2018 LAST MINUTE REVISION 30 MOST IMPORTANT TOPICS PAPER 1 TARGET 80+
RESEARCH ETHICS PART III
Some Desirable Elements to Ensure Ethics in Research * 1. Honesty in reporting data, results, methods and . 2. Objectivity to avoid bias in experimental design, . 3. Integrity, acting with sincerity, striving for . 4. Carefulness to avoid careless errors and negligence; procedures, and publication status. data analysis, interpretation, and peer review. consistency of thought and action. proper documentation of all aspects.
.5. Openness in sharing data, results, ideas, tools, resources and openness to criticisms and new ideas. . 6. Respect for intellectual property rights such as patents, copyrights, and other forms of intellectual property. * 7. Confidentiality in context of communications, personal records, and privacy issues. 8. Responsible publication with an aim to serve the society. Avoiding wasteful and duplicative publication.
. 9. Responsible mentoring in terms of guiding research students. 10. Respect for colleagues translates to extending fair treatment to the colleagues. . 11. Social responsibility means to serve the society and different stakeholders. 12. Non-discrimination against colleagues or students on the basis of sex, race, or factors that are not related to their scientific competence and integrity.
IMPORTANT ETHICAL ISSUES 1. Collecting information: Before a researcher actually collects information, his request for information may put pressure or create anxiety on a respondent; it may not be ethical, but without research, there will be no intellectual progress or development in the society.
2. Seeking consent of participants: Informed consent refers to an individual's willingness to participate in a study.
3. Providing incentives: Most people do not participate in a study because of incentives, but they are motivated because of the importance of the study. Giving a gift before data collection is not ethical on the part of a researcher
4. Seeking sensitive information: Some pieces of information can be regarded as sensitive or confidential by some people. This may be akin to invading their privacy.
5. Possibility of causing harm to the participants: When you collect data from respondents or involve subjects in an experiment, you need to examine carefully whether their involvement is likely to harm them in any way.
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