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Classification of Evaluation Techniques
. A good evaluation device is one which secures valid evidence regarding the desired change of behavior. . A teacher needs to know the various devices that are helpful in gathering evidence on the changes taking place in a pupil. They can be categorized into quantitative and qualitative techniques
Quantitative Techniques 1. Written examination: It is also known as paper pencil test. In this technique, the answers are to be written as per the instruction of questions. 2. Oral examination: They supplement the written examination. Examples are test of reading ability, and pronunciation; viva voce is also an example. 3. Practical examination: These tests are necessary to test experimental and manipulative skills of a learner, particularly in subjects such as science, technology, agriculture, craft, and music.
Qualitative Techniques 1. Observation and interviews: Observation is used to evaluate the behavior of the pupil in controlled and uncontrolled situations. lt is purposive and systematic, and carefully viewing or observing the behavior and recording it. Interview is sometimes superior to other devices. It is because of the fact that pupils are usually more willing to talk than write. . 2. Checklist: A checklist is an instrument that is used for collecting and recording evidence regarding significant behavioral tendencies of the pupils or specific problems they present in the classroom
3. Rating scale: Rating is a term applied to the expression of opinion or judgement regarding some situation, object, or character. Rating scale is a device by which judgments' can be quantified. 4. Cumulative records: Anecdotal records, cumulative record cards, and diaries of pupils are some other devices used in evaluation process to know the details about a child's behavior.