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Environment Book Summary Presented B Aartee Mishra
Animal diversity in India THE RED DATA BOOK Species which are considered threatened are listed by various organisations including some private organisations, likewise, Red Data Book is published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural resources (IUCN) and provides information on research, studies and also helps in monitoring the program on rare and threatened species. e ED IUCN .Red Data Book was first issued in 1966, and it is continually updated by IUCN which is based on Morges, Switzerland
Nilgiri langur/ Nilgiri leaf monkey (Trachypithecus johnii) Habitat: Hilly areas of Western Ghats in Tamil Nadu and Kerala . Threats: Habitat degradation, development activities, introduction of exotic tree species. Chita / Tibetian Antelope .Status- Near Threatened. . Habitat : Tibet cold desert. Threat: The chiru is threatened by hunting for its fine wool which is used to make the shahtoosh scarves, meat, magnificent horns.
Nilgiri tahr The Nilgiri tahr is the largest of the three tahr species, inhabit montane grasslands of Western Ghats. It is the state animal of Tamil Nadu. Threats: Habitat loss, overgrazing, illegal hunting. .
Black buck > Status vulnerable >- Habitat - Grass land >- Threat excessive hunting for meat and sporting trophies, as well as habitat loss. Black buck show sexual dimorphism. Gaur >- The gaur (Bos gaurus), also called Indian bison, is a large bovine native to South Asia and Southeast Asia. The species is listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.. >- Gaur are largely confined to evergreen forests or semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, but also occur in deciduous forest areas at the periphery of their range
Oriental small-clawed otter/ Asian small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinerea), Otter any of 13 living species of semiaquatic mammals which feed on fish and shellfish, and also other invertebrates, amphibians, birds and small mammals. It is a smallest otter species in the world . It lives in mangrove swamps and freshwater wetlands. Status vulnerable. Threat - habitat loss, pollution and hunting. Dugong (Dugong dugon) also called as sea cow. Status - vulnerable. Threat - hunting (meat and oil), habitat degradation, and fishing-related fatalities. Indus river dolphin Habitat I distribution - Indus River in Pakistan and its Beas and Sutlej tributaries.
ENDANGERED MARINE MAMMALS Freshwater / river dolphin Distribution: India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan which is split into two subspecies, the Ganges river dolphin and Indus river dolphin. Threats: Unintentional killing through entanglement in fishing gear; habitat loss and degradation water development projects (barrages, high dams, and embankments), pollution industrial waste and pesticides, municipal sewage discharge and noise from vessel traffic.
Ganges river dolphin Habitat: Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers and their tributaries in Bangladesh, India and Nepal. The Ganges river dolphin has been recognized by the government of India as its National Aquatic Animal
UPSC CSE ishraaartee18agmail.com Educators Roman Saini Aartee Mishra Mrunal Patel b-+ 352hlive minutes Ayussh Sanghi 294k live minutes Mudit Gupta 106k live minutes Deepika Reddy Magham 79ktve minutes Jatin Verma b0-242k live minutes 225k live minutes :) 117klive minutes Sudarshan Gurjar Ashna Sisodia Venkatesh Chaturvedi 63k live minnes Abhishek Srivastava Arti Chhawari Awdhesh Singh 3k live minutes Charu Modi 73k live 58k live minutes )5k live minuts )31k live minutes minnes RECOMMENDED month 7,000 per oh 3 months 7503 per month 12 months 2.917 per month 6 months 4667 par month GET SUBSCRIPTION