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Environment Book Summary Presented B Aartee Mishra
Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) It is the smallest and most endangered of the five rhinoceros species. It is now thought to be regionally extinct in India, though it once occurred in the foothills of the Himalayas and north-east India. . The Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) is also believed to be extinct in India and only a small number survive in Java and Vietnam Threat: Poaching, loss of habitat. .
Kashmir stag/hangul (Cervus elaphus hanglu) It subspecies of Red Deer which is native to India. Habitat: Dense riverine forests, high valleys, and mountains of the Kashmir valley and northern Chamba in Himachal Pradesh State animal of Jammu and Kashmir. Threat: habitat destruction, over- grazing by domestic livestock, and poaching.
'Endangered' Mammals Wild ass/khur (Equus hemionus khur) Distribution: Mostly occurs in Rann of Kutch region. Population steadily increasing. Today, its last refuge lies in the Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary, Little Rann of Kutch . .Threat - Diseases, habitat degradation due to salt activities, Invasive species Prosopis juliflora shrub, and encroachment and grazing by the Maldhari
Dhole/ Asiatic wild dog or Indian wild dog (Cuon alpinus) Distribution: They occur in most of India south of the Ganges, particularly in the Central Indian Highlands and the Western and Eastern Ghats of the southern states. In north-east India, they inhabit Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, and West Bengal. Threats: Habitat loss, depletion of its prey base, competition from other predators, persecution and possibly diseases from domestic and feral dogs. . Eld's deer/ thamin or brow-antlered deer (Panolia eldii) . Distribution: Keibul Lamjao National Park (KLNP), Manipur. Threats: Overgrazing, loss of grassland habitat.
Golden langur (Trachypithecus geei) Primate, is an Old World monkey Distribution small region of western Assam and in the neighboring foothills of the Black Mountains of Bhutan. .Threats: Deforestation, human encroachments. Himalayan / White-bellied Musk Deer Habitat: Kashmir, Kumaon and Sikkim. Threat: poaching & illegal trade for its musk. Only males produce the musk.
Hispid hare/ Assam rabbit (Caprolagus hispidus) Habitat: Southern foothills of the central Himalayas. Threats: The habitat of hispid hares is highly fragmented due to increasing agriculture, flood control, and human development. . Hog deer Habitat: Terai region and grasslands in northern India. .Threats: Hunting, habitat loss, habitat fragmentation, human encroachments.
Lion-tailed macaque/ wanderoo (Macaca silenus) Endemic to the Western Ghats. Avoid human presence and they do not live, feed or travel through plantations. Habitat: Evergreen forests in the Western Ghats range. Threat: Habitat fragmentation due to spread of agriculture and tea, coffee, teak and cinchona, construction of water reservoirs and human settlements to support such activities. Red Panda Status: Moved from Vulnerable to Endangered recently. Red panda is endemic to the temperate forests of the Himalayas. Habitat: Sikkim and Assam, northern Arunachal