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28th June - The Hindu Editorial - Part-3(in Hindi)
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Subhodeep Das
Dream of Achieving Big l YouTube & Facebook : UPSC360

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The Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation has set up a Committee to look into various aspects of Slum Statistics / Census and issues regarding conduct of slum census 2011 under the chairmanship of Pranab Sen. The Pranab Sen Committee has defined Slums as:  "A Slum is a compact settlement of at least 20 households with a collection of poorly built tenements, mostly of temporary nature, crowded together usually with inadequate sanitary and drinking water facilities in unhygienic conditions".  In a bid to address the issue of slums and urban poverty, the Government of India has undertaken several initiatives such as: a) Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana (VAMBAY) was launched in December 2001, VAMBAY was a centrally sponsored scheme with an in-built subsidy for undertaking construction of dwelling units for slum dwellers. The scheme was successful in providing affordable houses to the urban poor and with the launch of JNNURM, elements of this scheme were dovetailed into JNNURM. b) Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) was launched on 3rd December, 2005 with the objectives of augmenting infrastructure facilities in cities and towns along with provision of shelter and basic civic services to slum dwellers/urban poor. JNNURM aims at creating ‘economically productive, efficient, equitable and responsive Cities’ by a strategy of upgrading the social and economic infrastructure in cities, provision of Basic Services to Urban Poor and wide-ranging urban sector reforms to strengthen municipal governance in accordance with the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992. c) Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)aimed at providing gainful employment to the urban unemployed and under-employed poor, through encouraging the setting up of self employment ventures by the urban poor living below the poverty line, skills training and also through providing wage employment by utilizing their labour for construction of socially and economically useful public assets.           d) Integrated Low Cost Sanitation (ILCS): This scheme envisages the conversion of dry latrines into water seal twin-pit sanitary latrines on a whole town basis. e) Affordable Housing in Partnership (AHP):  It seeks to promote various kinds of public-private partnerships -government with the private sector, the cooperative sector, the financial services sector, the state parastatals, urban local bodies, etc-to create affordable housing stock. Under the scheme, the Government provides subsidy at the rate of Rs.50,000 per affordable unit or 25% of the cost of infrastructure(internal and external),whichever is lower. f)  Rajiv Awas Yojana has been launched on 02.06.2011. The Phase I is expected to cover about 250 cities, across the entire country by the end of 12th Plan (2017).The selection of the cities will be done in consultation with the Centre.  The States would be required to include all the mission cities of JNNURM, preferably cities with more than 3 lakh population as per 2001 Census; and other smaller cities, with due consideration to the pace of growth of the city, of slums, predominance of minority population, and areas where property rights are assigned. The scheme will progress at the pace set by the States. Under the Scheme, Fifty percent (50 %) of the cost of provision of basic civic and social infrastructure and amenities and of housing, including rental housing,  and transit housing for in-situ redevelopment – in slums would be borne by the Centre, including operation & maintenance of assets created under this scheme. For the North Eastern and Special Category States the share of the Centre would be 90% including the cost of land acquisition, if required.
Hello sir I am following your editorials videos from 2 or 3 days And also I have started preparing recently so wnna ask you dat should i go through your previous editorial videos or i should continue from here onwards?? If necessary pls recommend me impo editorials topics of recent time so dat i will find them and follow .. ??
Hello Sir, Can you please also tell me syllabus topicwise analysis and also tell us how it can be ask in pre and mains. It will easy to study for integrated approach towards pre and mains
sir, please include statements relevant for answer writing for mains in the same editorial.
north eastern states not in slums . Also slums are there where size of cities are much big
  1. From little to zero tolerance Encouraging mediation to settle disputes Ujjwala revolution With supplies ramping up and service improving, the adoption of LPG has received a boost S. UBHODEEP

  2. Benefits -She makes enough money through sale of cow dung manure to finance her LPG refills. Now able to find time to stitch blouses and bags customers being able to devote more time towards children, the elderly and sick Peer learning - advantages of clean fuel In April 2014, there were 13,896 LPG distributors across India. This number is now 20,227 Job. UBHODEEP


  4. Enurading madaion DATA POINT From little to zero tolerance to settle disputes Slum dwellers In India, about 17% of the urban population live in slums. Among the major States, while Maharashtra has the largest population of slum dwellers in absolute numbers, Andhra Pradesh has the highest proportion of slum population among its urban residents ii : suma S. UBHODEEP

  5. SLUM POPULATION IN 2011 (IN MILLION) 2 4 6 8 10 >10 Andhra Pradesh 35 O Chhattisgarh 30 . . Maharashtra o Odisha OW.B 20 o Haryana 5Punjab Rajashan o Karnataka a 10 Bihar . Delhi Gujarat 05 Manipur Kerala 0 510 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 URBAN POPULATION IN 2011 (IN MILLION) UBHODEEP

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